Guidonia Montecelio

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Guidonia Montecelio
Comune
Comune di Guidonia Montecelio
Panorama of Guidonia
Panorama of Guidonia
Coat of arms of Guidonia Montecelio
Coat of arms
Guidonia within the Province of Rome
Guidonia within the Province of Rome
Guidonia Montecelio is located in Italy
Guidonia Montecelio
Guidonia Montecelio
Location of Guidonia Montecelio in Italy
Coordinates: 42°00′N 12°43′E / 42.000°N 12.717°E / 42.000; 12.717Coordinates: 42°00′N 12°43′E / 42.000°N 12.717°E / 42.000; 12.717
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Rome (RM)
Frazioni Albuccione, Bivio di Guidonia, Colle Fiorito, Colleverde, La Botte, Marco Simone, Montecelio, Pichini, Setteville, Setteville Nord, Villalba, Villanova
Government
 • Mayor Eligio Rubeis
Area
 • Total 79.06 km2 (30.53 sq mi)
Elevation 105 m (344 ft)
Population (August 2009)[1]
 • Total 82,558
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Demonym Guidoniani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00010, 00011, 00012, 00014
Dialing code 0774
Patron saint Maria Beata Vergine di Loreto
Saint day December 10
Website Official website

Guidonia Montecelio, commonly known as Guidonia, is a town and comune in the province of Rome, Lazio, central Italy.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Guidonia Montecelio, formed by the main towns of Guidonia and Montecelio, lies to the north-east of Rome, some kilometres from the Grande Raccordo Anulare - a ring-shaped motorway which forms a circle around the capital. The terrain of Guidonia Montecelio is mainly flat, and the community lies in between the Via Nomentana and the Via Tiburtina.

It borders with Fonte Nuova, Marcellina, Palombara Sabina, Rome, San Polo dei Cavalieri, Sant'Angelo Romano and Tivoli. The hamlets (frazioni) are Albuccione, Bivio di Guidonia, Colle Fiorito, Colleverde, La Botte, Marco Simone, Montecelio, Pichini, Setteville, Setteville Nord, Villalba and Villanova.

History[edit]

Montecelio was founded in 998 as a fortified castrum (Castrum Monticellorum).

In 1915 the Regio Esercito (Italian Royal Army) built a major military airport in the area for its Corpo Aeronautico Militare (Military Aviation Corps), the predecessor of the Italian Royal Air Force founded in 1923.

Guidonia was erected as a comune in 1937 by Benito Mussolini, its name chosen to honour the Regia Aeronautica general Alessandro Guidoni (1880–1928), who had died on 27 April 1928 while testing a new parachute at the air force facilities.

Economy[edit]

Travertine caves in Guidonia.

Today the town is part of Rome metropolitan area, with a massive presence of industry (mainly travertine caves and cement industry) and the service sector. The number of residents commuting to Rome is high, with transport in a critical situation.

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Guidonia Montecelio is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Demography in Figures". Istituto nazionale di statistica (ISTAT).  for August 2009

External links[edit]

Media related to Guidonia Montecelio at Wikimedia Commons