|— Town —|
|• Total||40.0 sq mi (103.5 km2)|
|• Land||39.9 sq mi (103.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||791 ft (241 m)|
|• Density||51.3/sq mi (19.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462112|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.0 square miles (103.5 km²), of which 39.9 square miles (103.3 km²) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km²) (0.20%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,046 people, 811 households, and 575 families residing in the town. The population density was 51.3 people per square mile (19.8/km²). There were 931 housing units at an average density of 23.3 per square mile (9.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.07% White, 0.05% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.39% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.
There were 811 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $45,982, and the median income for a family was $52,431. Males had a median income of $34,125 versus $24,605 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,028. About 5.0% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under the age of 18 and 5.6% of those 65 and older.
Historic facts 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2012)|
Vincent Carretta notes that Lucy Terry, who is credited as being the first woman Africa-American poet, moved to Guilford in 1760, raising six children in the town, contrary to reports that one Micah Rice was the town's firsst settler, as Rice did not arrive in Guilford until 1761.
- 1732-Chartered as Gallup's Canada, Massachusetts
- 1754-Chartered as Guilford, New Hampshire
- 1758-Chartered as Guilford, New York
- 1761-First settler arrives, Micah Rice
- 1782-First house and barn built in Guilford burn down
- 1791-Chartered as Guilford, Vermont
- 1791-1820-Guilford is most populous town in Vermont
- 1816-First Episcopal Church in Vermont built in Guilford, Christ Church
- 1817-Broad Brook House built, now houses the Guilford Country Store
- 1820-East Guilford Cotton Mill on Bee Barn Road burns down
- 1822-First Guilford Town Hall built on Guilford Center Road in Guilford Center, now historical museum
- 1837-Universalist Church built in Guilford Center
- 1855-Algiers (East Guilford) Schoolhouse burns down
- 1884-Broad Brook Grange Hall 151 built in Guilford Center
- 1885-Green River Paper Mill burns down
- 1889-East Guilford Grist Mill, first mill built in Guilford, burns down
- 1900-Post Offices close after establishment of RFD 3
- 1934-Barn burns down on Yeaw Road, killing two young girls
- 1948-Guilford Recreation Club organized
- 1949-Broad Brook Fire Control organized
- 1949-Broad Brook Fire Control becomes Guilford Volunteer Fire Department
- 1954-First firehouse built in Algiers on Guilford Center Road
- 1957-Guilford Central School built, closing all old schoolhouses
- 1969-House burns down on Johnson Pasture Drive, killing 4 people
- 1972-Guilford Town Hall built on School Road
- 2005-New firehouse built on Guilford Center Road in Algiers
- 2007-Town constable given Police Cruiser, providing a step toward a town Police Department
- 2007-First full-time firefighter in Guilford
Notable people 
- James Elliot (politician), author and United States Representative from Vermont
- Charles E. Phelps, US Army brigadier general; Medal of Honor recipient; US congressman for Maryland
- Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist
- Royall Tyler, playwright
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile for Guilford, Vermont". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
- Caretta, Vincent (2001). In Vincent Caretta. Lucy Terry Prince (c.1730-1821). New York: Penguin. p. 199. ISBN 9780140424300.
- "ELLIOT, James, (1775 - 1839)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- "PHELPS, Charles Edward, (1833 - 1908)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- "Rudolf Serkin". IMDb. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- "Royall Tyler Collection, 1753-1935". Vermont Historical Society. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
Carretta, Vincent. "Lucy Terry Prince (c.1730-1821)." Complete Writings. By Phillis Wheatley. Ed. Vincent Carretta. New York: Penguin, 2001. 199. Print.