Guillaume Courtet

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Martyrdom of the French Dominican Guillaume Courtet, in Nagasaki, 1637.
Statue of Guillaume Courtet, in Sérignan, erected in 1894.

Guillaume Courtet (1589–1637) was a French Dominican priest who has been described as the first Frenchman to have visited Japan.[1][2] He was martyred in 1637 and canonized in 1987.[3]

Career[edit]

Courtet was born in Sérignan, near Béziers, in 1589 or 1590. He entered the orders in the city of Béziers and later entered the Capucines in Toulouse.

Courtet was active in the diplomatic field during the Thirty Years' War and was remarked by the French statesman Richelieu.[4]

In 1636, Guillaume Courtet entered Japan in secret, with the objective of furthering Western efforts to promote Christianity there. He was accompanied by a Spanish friend named Miguel de Ozaraza.

Entering Japan was a very dangerous endeavour, as Christianity had been prohibited in the country since 1613. Courtet entered the country under the Spanish name Tomaso de Santo Domingo.[4] He sailed from the Philippines and disembarked in Ishigaki-jima, but a few days later he was caught and imprisoned for one year. From there he was brought to Kagoshima and then Nagasaki.[5]

In an attempt to make him apostacize, he was tortured by being submitted to the "torture of the water", the "torture of the alênes" (needles under the fingernails) and the hanging torture of tsurushi.[6] He remained true to his faith, however, and as a result he was beheaded with his friends on September 29, 1637.[4]

Cause of beatification and cannonization[edit]

The Positio Super Introductione Causae or the cause of beatification was authored by respected historian, Fr. Fidel Villarroel, O.P., which led to his beatification during Pope John Paul II's papal visit to the Philippines.[7][8][9] It was the first beatification ceremony to be held outside the Vatican in history.

Guillaume Courtet became a saint on October 18, 1987.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Polak 2001, p. 13
  2. ^ Philippe Pons, Le Monde des Livres, July 26, 2002, p.7. Original French:"Guillaume Courtet, le premier francais à avoir foulé le sol nippon, et qui y avait été martyrisé en 1637".
  3. ^ Butler's Lives of the Saints By Alban Butler, Paul Burns, p.259
  4. ^ a b c Polak 2001, p.13
  5. ^ Ryukyu Studies to 1854: Western Encounter - Page 9, by Patrick Beillevaire
  6. ^ Vie et martyr de saint Guillaume Courtet
  7. ^ http://azheepineda.skyrock.com/2743815476-UST-Archives-director-Fr-Fidel-Villarroel-O-P-Master-key-to-UST-s-past.html
  8. ^ http://lifestyle.inquirer.net/32045/2-volume-ust-history-charts-evolution-of-higher-education-in-the-philippines
  9. ^ http://www.varsitarian.net/witness/20100326/ust_historian_named_master_of_theology

References[edit]

  • Polak, Christian. (2001). Soie et lumières: L'âge d'or des échanges franco-japonais (des origines aux années 1950). Tokyo: Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie Française du Japon, Hachette Fujin Gahōsha (アシェット婦人画報社).
  • __________. (2002). 絹と光: 知られざる日仏交流100年の歴史 (江戶時代-1950年代) Kinu to hikariō: shirarezaru Nichi-Futsu kōryū 100-nen no rekishi (Edo jidai-1950-nendai). Tokyo: Ashetto Fujin Gahōsha, 2002. 10-ISBN 4-573-06210-6; 13-ISBN 978-4-573-06210-8; OCLC 50875162

External links[edit]