Guillaume le Vinier

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Guillaume le Vinier (c. 1190–1245) was a cleric and trouvère, one of the most prolific composers in the genre.[1] He has left compositions in all the major subgenres of trouvère poetry: chansons d'amour, jeux-partis, a lai, a descort, a chanson de mal mariée and a ballade.[1] He wrote Marian songs and even an imaginary dialogue with a nightingale.[1] His work can be dated with some precision: the poem "En tous tens" is quoted in the Roman de la violette, which was written around 1225.[1]

Guillaume was born into a wealthy bourgeois family of Arras, the son of Philippe le Vinier and Alent.[1] His younger brother, Gilles le Vinier, was also a trouvère. The two exchanged at least two jeux-partis: "Frere, ki fait mieus" and "Sire frere, fetes m'un jugemen".[1] (The first served as a model for the anonymous song "A ce que je vuel comencier".) Although a clergyman, Guillaume was also married.[1]

Guillaume was well-connected to the other trouvères active in and around Arras. He composed jeux-partis with Colart le Boutellier, Andrieu Contredit and Adam de Givenchi for certain, and may also have collaborated with Moniot d'Arras, Thomas Herier and the King of Navarre.[1] Colart, Adam and Jehan Erart all dedicated works to him.[1] He expressed a debt of gratitude to Gace Brulé's style in "Voloirs de faire" and quoted Gace's "N'est pas a soi" in one of his jeux-partis with Gilles.[1] The unaccredited Marian song "Vierge pucele roiaus", which is modelled on the Old Occitan piece "Lo clar tems vei brunezir" by Raimon Jordan, may belong to Guillaume.[1]

Most of Guillaume's music is in bar form, although "Chancon envoisie" is given partially in mensural notation in the Chansonnier Cangé.[1] His melodies typically have a range greater than an octave. According to Karp, "modal interpretation of the melodies does not seem appropriate".[1]

List of songs[edit]

Solo works
  • Amour grassi, si me lo de l'outrage (dedicated to Thomas de Castel)
  • Amours, vostre sers et vostre hon
  • Bien doit chanter la cui chancon set plaire (dedicated to Gilles le Vinier)
  • Chancon envoisie
  • Dame des cieus
  • De bien amer croist sens et courtoisie
  • Encor n'est raisons
  • En mi mai, quant s'est la saisons partie
  • En tous tens se doit fins cuers esjoir
  • Espris d'ire et d'amour
  • Flour ne glaise ne vois autaine
  • Glorieuse virge pucele
  • Ire d'amours et doutance
  • Je me chevauchai pensis
  • La flor d'iver sous la branche
  • Le premier jour de mai
  • Li rossignolés avrillous
  • Mout a mon cuer esjoi
  • Quant ces moissons sont faillies
  • Quant glace et nois et froidure s'esloigne
  • Qui que voie en amour faindre (dedicated to a "chastelain", perhaps Huon, chastellain d'Arras)
  • Remembrance d'amour me fait chanter
  • Se chans ne descors ne lais
  • S'onques chanters m'eust aidie
  • Tels fois chante li jouglere (dedicated to Jehan Bretel)
  • Voloirs de faire chanson
Jeux-partis
  • Amis Guillaume, ainc si sage ne vi
    • with Adam de Givenchi
  • Frere, ki fait mieus a proisier
    • with Gilles le Vinier
  • Guillaume le Viniers, amis
    • with Andrieu Contredit
  • Guillaume, trop est perdus
    • with Colart le Boutellier
  • Moines, ne vous anuit pas
    • possibly with Moniot d'Arras
  • Sire frere, fetes m'un jugement
    • with Gilles le Vinier
  • Sire, ne me celés mie
    • possibly with the King of Navarre
  • Thomas, je vous vueil demander
    • possibly with Thomas Herier

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Theodore Karp, "Le Vinier, Guillaume", Grove Music Online, Oxford Music Online (accessed 20 September 2008).