Guillemont

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Guillemont
Guillemont is located in France
Guillemont
Guillemont
Coordinates: 50°00′52″N 2°49′33″E / 50.0144°N 2.8258°E / 50.0144; 2.8258Coordinates: 50°00′52″N 2°49′33″E / 50.0144°N 2.8258°E / 50.0144; 2.8258
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Péronne
Canton Combles
Intercommunality Canton of Combles
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Didier Samain
Area
 • Land1 3.27 km2 (1.26 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 124
 • Population2 density 38/km2 (98/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80401 / 80360
Elevation 94–156 m (308–512 ft)
(avg. 138 m or 453 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Guillemont is a commune roughly 8 miles east of Albert in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

It, like much of the surrounding area, is primarily an agricultural community, but is known for its large cemetery, which has become a tourist attraction. The cemetery began as a field graveyard after the Battle of Guillemont, but was quickly expanded after the Armistice when graves from surrounding areas were centralized here.

Guillemont high street in 1916

In World War I, Guillemont was one of several important strategic areas controlled by Germans that effectively divided allied forces. It was exchanged several times during the war, before being finally taken and held by the British 20th (Light) Division and the 47th Brigade of the 16th (Irish) Division.

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