Guillermo II de Montcada

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Guillermo II in a fresco on the walls of the house once belonging to Berenguer d'Aguilar de Barcelona. His shield shows a combination of the arms of Montcada and those of Béarn.
Monument showing the family crest, near the location where Guillermo II de Bearne died in combat alongside his nephew Ramón during the conquest of Majorca. The monument is part of the decoration of the Paseo Calvia.

Guillem Ramon de Moncada or Guillermo II was, from 1224 until his death in 1229, Lord of Montcada and Castellví de Rosanes (in Catalonia) and, as Guillermo II, Viscount of Bearn, of Marsan, of Gabardan and of Brulhois (in the southwest of present-day France). He was the son of Guillem Ramon de Montcada and Guilleuma de Castellvell.

The main thrust of his policy were the affairs of the Aragonese court, in which several families vied for influence over the young King James I.[1] In particular, he was involved in the preparation for the invasion of the Balearic islands.[1]

In his last visit to Bearne, in February 1228, he promised the representative of the King of England that he would pay them homage throughout his lands in Aquitaine (Bearne, Gabardan, Brulhois and Captieux). This act marked the departure of Bearne from within the Aragonese domain and the start of its progressive submission to England.

Back in Catalonia, he played a leading role in the council held in Salou which planned the conquest of Majorca. In September 1229 the fleet left for Majorca, with Guillermo commanding the first ship. The troops having landed, they engaged in the battle of Portopí, thus beginning the conquest of Majorca. The crew had faced little difficulty when they landed on the 12 September. However, Guillermo was killed, along with eight knights of his family, including his nephew Ramon de Moncada[2][3] in the Sierra de Na Burguesa (Calvia). In the division following the conquest of the island by the Crown of Aragon, the municipality of Costitx was given to Guillermo II de Bearn[4] and thus passed to his heirs.

His mausoleum is in the church of the Monastery of Santes Creus.

Descendants[edit]

Guillem Ramon de Moncada had two children - Gastón, who succeeded him in 1229 and Constanza de Béarn, who married Diego López III de Haro, Lord of Vizcaya - with his wife Garsenda[1] (daughter of Alfonso II, Count of Provence and Garsenda de Folcarquier).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c John C. Shideler. "A Medieval Catalan Noble Family: the Montcadas, 1000-1230". The Library of Iberian Resources Online. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Damian J. Smith (2010). Crusade, Heresy and Inquisition in the Lands of the Crown of Aragon (c. 1167). The Medieval and early modern Iberian world. ISBN 9789004182899. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "MONTCADA, Casa de". Gran Enciclopedia de España. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Ayuntamiento de Costitx". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
Preceded by:
Guillermo I
Viscount of Béarn, Gabardan and Brulhois
1224-1229
Succeeded by:
Gastón VII