Guillermo Moreno

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Guillermo Moreno
Guillermo Moreno 2010-06-14.jpg
Secretary of Domestic Trade
In office
2005–2013
Under-Secretary of Production for the City of Buenos Aires
In office
1990–1993
Personal details
Born October 15, 1955
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Political party Frente para la Victoria
Residence Buenos Aires, Argentina
Alma mater Universidad Argentina de la Empresa, BA in Economics
Religion Roman Catholicism[1]

Guillermo Moreno (b. Buenos Aires, October 15, 1955)[2] is an Argentine politician. He served as Secretary of Domestic Trade from 2005 to 2013,[3] and was appointed in that post by ex-President Néstor Kirchner.

Biography[edit]

Moreno was an active member in the 1970s of the Peronist Youth, a left-wing branch of the Peronist movement that favoured a social revolution on the lines of the Cuban revolution.[4] After democracy was re-established in Argentina in 1983, he opened a hardware wholesale store in Buenos Aires and graduated in Economics at the Argentine University of Business (UADE).[4]

His first government position was Under-Secretary of Production in the Buenos Aires City Government, under Mayor Carlos Grosso, in the early 1990s.[4] He later became an assistant to the Trade Secretary during the Presidency of Eduardo Duhalde (2002–2003).[5]

Moreno became close to Néstor Kirchner before Kirchner reached the Presidency in 2003.[4] He was one of the members of the Calafate Group, a think-tank created by, among others, Kirchner himself as a forum to foster heterodox ideas that would revert the neoliberal policies of the 1990s.

During Kirchner's government, Moreno served as Secretary of Communications for a couple of years, before taking over as Secretary of Domestic Trade, a post he held after Néstor Kirchner was succeeded by his wife, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, on December 10, 2007. Moreno is often referred to as "the cowboy" due to his harsh methods in dealing with corporations and politicians.[6] He has been accused of showing an actual revolver in the middle of a negotiation in order to intimidate his counterparts.[7]

He became the target of nationwide criticism following his removal of Graciela Bevacqua, the chief statistician overseeing the formulation of consumer price data at INDEC, the nation's statistical office,[8] and other officials who would not agree to understating the inflation rate.[9][10][11] He allegedly followed these moves by having phones tapped and using other surveillance methods to control internal disagreements at the bureau.[12]

Moreno has been described by oppositor's politicians and media [13] as a highly authoritarian, extremely inefficient and incompetent official,[14] and it has often been argued that he exerts far more influence in national politics than would be reasonably expected, considering his office as a Secretary, formally subordinated to the Minister of Economics. It is believed his power struggle against former Minister Martín Lousteau was the main reason behind the latter's resignation in April 2008, after four months in office.[15]

Moreno's policies [16] mostly allow outstanding national industry growth (up to 350% in automobile production within the last decade [17] ) at the expense of high inflation rates.[18] His initiatives, such as the SuperCard [19] (an extremely low-rate credit card, specially beneficial for the seller and not the customer) or his pressure to keep black-market ("blue") dollar prices on check,[20] are often controversial, but some of them have proved successful to some degree considering the national industries growth.[17]

He is also responsible for several price controls in Argentina, including short-term agreements for basic food products [21] in order to cover the high inflation rate. He was also responsible for similar "price agreements" on bread prices,[22] both with limited and localized success.

Moreno is separated from his wife, with whom he has a son and a daughter.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mirá qué kirchneristas apoyan y quiénes no, al papa" (in spanish). mdz Online. 2013-03-16. 
  2. ^ Cabot, Diego; Francisco Olivera (2008-11-21). El buen salvaje: Guillermo Moreno: La política del garrote. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Sudamericana S.A./ Investigación Periodística. ISBN 978-950-07-3003-7. 
  3. ^ "Renunció Guillermo Moreno y se concentra el poder de Axel Kicillof" (in spanish). 2013-11-20. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Diario Perfil: Guillermo Moreno: Biografía no autorizada del apretador oficial de los K, 20 April 2008. (Spanish)
  5. ^ Clarín: La carne no bajó y Kirchner decidió cambiar a uno de los negociadores, 13 April 2006. (Spanish)
  6. ^ La Nación: "Cristina avaló la manipulación de las estadísticas del Indec", 5-07-2009. (Spanish)
  7. ^ http://edant.clarin.com/diario/2010/03/14/elpais/p-02158842.htm. (Spanish)
  8. ^ La Nación: Respalda ATE los dichos de Bevacqua y busca neutralizar "un maquillaje" en el Indec, 06-07-2009. (Spanish)
  9. ^ Clarín: Conflicto INDEC: un club de mujeres es el mayor dolor de cabeza para Moreno, 27 September 2007. (Spanish)
  10. ^ La Nación: Boudou aceptó su derrota, 20-07-2009. (Spanish)
  11. ^ Minuto Uno: Culpan a "la patota de Guillermo Moreno" por destrozos en el INDEC, 22 July 2008. (Spanish)
  12. ^ La Nación: Intimidaciones, espías y peleas en el INDEC que maneja Moreno, 4-08-2008. (Spanish)
  13. ^ http://tiempo.infonews.com/2013/03/31/editorial-99259-la-avanzada-conservadora.php
  14. ^ La Nación: Fuerte y amplio rechazo a la defensa oficial de Guillermo Moreno, 30 July 2008. (Spanish)
  15. ^ Periodismo de Verdad: El matrimonio Kirchner decide si Guillermo Moreno y Ricardo Jaime continúan en sus cargos, 15 May 2008. (Spanish)
  16. ^ Página/12  :[1] La lógica de Moreno (Spanish)
  17. ^ a b Télam  :[2] Crecimiento exponencial del sector automotriz (Spanish)
  18. ^ Desde afuera  :[3] Inflación de 2006 a 2013 con respecto al salario (Spanish)
  19. ^ http://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/economia/2-215623-2013-03-12.html
  20. ^ http://ar.finanzas.yahoo.com/noticias/d%C3%B3lar-blue-retrocede-presi%C3%B3n-oficial-150600242.html
  21. ^ Página/12: [4] 500 productos que no cambian de precio], 15 May 2008. (Spanish)
  22. ^ Clarín  :[5] Pan de $10 sólo se consigue hasta las 10 AM (Spanish)], 15 May 2008. (Spanish)