National Artist of the Philippines

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Order of National Artists
National Artist of the Philippines.svg
Emblem of the Order, which appears on the Collar bestowed on Members.
Awarded by  Philippines
Type Order
Awarded for having made significant contributions to the development of Philippine arts
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign President of the Philippines
First induction 1972
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Gabriela Silang
Next (lower) Gawad Mabini
Same Order of National Artists, Order of National Scientists, Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan, Order of Lakandula - Special Class of Champion for Life
PHL Order of the Golden Heart Member BAR.png
Ribbon bar of the order

National Artists of the Philippines (Filipino: Pambansang Alagad ng Sining ng Pilipinas) is an order bestowed by the Philippines on Filipinos who have made significant contributions to the development of Philippine art. Originally instituted as an Award, it was elevated to the status of Order in 2003.[1]

The Order is administered by the Cultural Center of the Philippines by virtue of President Ferdinand Marcos's Proclamation No. 1001 of April 2, 1972 and the National Commission for Culture and the Arts. The first award was posthumously conferred on Filipino painter Fernando Amorsolo.

Conferment[edit]

The Order is the highest state honour conferred on individuals deemed as having done much for their artistic field. Deserving individuals must have been recommended by both the Cultural Center and the National Commission on Culture and the Arts prior to receiving the award. Such people are then titled, by virtue of a Presidential Proclamation, as National Artist (Filipino: Gawad Pambansang Alagad ng Sining, "National Servant of the Arts Award"), and are inducted into the Order.

Recipients attends a conferment ceremony at Malacañang Palace, where the President bestows on them the insignia of the Order: an ornate, gilt Collar and a small pin, both depicting the Order's emblem. In addition to the Collar, each new Member is given a citation that is presented during the conferment ceremony. The Cultural Center of the Philippines then presents a Memorabilia Exhibit of the recipients' works, and holds a Gabi ng Parangal (A Night of Tributes) for the National Artists at the Tanghalang Pambansa.

Categories[edit]

under which National Artists can be recognized originally included:[2]

  • Music - composition, direction, and/or performance;
  • Dance - choreography, direction and/or performance;
  • Theater – direction, performance and/or production design;
  • Visual Arts – painting, sculpture, printmaking, photography, installation art, mixed media works, illustration, graphic arts, performance art and/or imaging;
  • Literature – poetry, fiction, essay, playwriting, journalism and/or literary criticism;
  • Film and Broadcast Arts – direction, writing, production design, cinematography, editing, camera work, and/or performance; and
  • Architecture, Design and Allied Arts – architecture design, interior design, industrial arts design, landscape architecture and fashion design.

However, national artists have since been honored under new categories. The NCCA 'created' the category of National Artist for Fashion Design when it nominated Ramon Valera, but subsumed that category under "Architecture and Allied Arts". President Fidel V. Ramos issued an executive order creating the category of National Artist for Historical Literature before conferring the honor to Carlos Quirino.

Criteria[edit]

Nominations for National Artist of the Philippines are based on a broad criteria, as set forth by the Cultural Center of the Philippines and the National Commission on Culture and the Arts:[2]

  1. Living artists who have been Filipino citizens for the last ten years prior to nomination as well as those who have died after the establishment of the award in 1972 but were Filipino citizens at the time of their death;
  2. Artists who have helped build a Filipino sense of nationhood through the content and form of their works;
  3. Artists who have distinguished themselves by pioneering in a mode of creative expression or style, making an impact on succeeding generations of artists;
  4. Artists who have created a significant body of works and/or have consistently displayed excellence in the practice of their art form, enriching artistic expression or style; and
  5. Artists who enjoy broad acceptance through prestigious national and/or international recognition, awards in prestigious national and/or international events, critical acclaim and/or reviews of their works, and/or respect and esteem from peers within an artistic discipline.

Nominations are then submitted to the National Artist Secretariat that is created by the National Artist Award Committee; experts from the different art fields then sit on a First Deliberation to prepare the short list of nominees. A Second Deliberation, which is a joint meeting of the Commissioners of the NCCA and the Board of Trustees of the CCP, decides on the final recomendees. The list is then forwarded to the President of the Philippines, who, by Presidential Proclamation, proclaims the final nominees as members of the Order of National Artists.[3]

Honours and Privileges[edit]

  • The rank and title of National Artist, as proclaimed by the President of the Philippines;[4]
  • The insignia of a National Artist and a citation;
  • A lifetime emolument and material and physical benefits comparable in value to those received by the highest officers of the land such as:
  1. a cash award of One-Hundred Thousand Pesos (100,000.00) net of taxes, for living awardees;
  2. a cash award of Seventy-Five Thousand Pesos (₱75,000.00) net of taxes, for posthumous awardees, payable to legal heir/s;
  3. a monthly life pension, medical and hospitalization benefits;
  4. life insurance coverage for Awardees who are still insurable;
  5. a state funeral and burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani;
  6. a place of honor, in line with protocolar precedence, at national state functions, and recognition at cultural events;

The Roster of National Artists[edit]

Year Awardee Category Notes
1972 Fernando C. Amorsolo Visual Arts - Painting posthumous conferment
1973 Francísca Reyes Aquino Dance
Carlos V. Francísco Visual Arts - Painting posthumous conferment
Amado V. Hernández Literature
Antonio J. Molina Music
Juan Nakpíl Architecture
Guillermo E. Tolentino Visual Arts - Sculpture
José García Villa Literature
1976 Napoleón V. Abueva Visual Arts - Sculpture
Leonor Orosa-Goquingco Dance
Nick Joaquín Literature
Jovita Fuentes Music
Victorio C. Edades Visual Arts - Painting
Pablo Antonio Architecture posthumous conferment
1981 Vicente S. Manansala Visual Arts - Painting
1982 Carlos P. Rómulo Literature
Gerardo de León Film posthumous conferment
1987 Honorata "Atang" de la Rama Theater and Music
1988 Antonio R. Buenaventura Music
Lucrecia Reyes Urtula Dance
1989 Lucrecia R. Kasilag Music
1990 Francísco Arcellana Literature
César Legaspi Visual Arts - Painting
Leandro V. Locsín Architecture
1991 Hernando R. Ocampo Visual Arts - Painting
Lucio D. San Pedro Music
1997 Lino Brocka Film posthumous conferment
Felipe Padilla de León Music
Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero Theater
Rolando S. Tínio Theater & Literature
N. V. M. Gonzalez Literature
Levi Celério Music & Literature
Arturo R. Luz Visual Arts - Painting
José Maceda Music
Carlos Quirino Historical Literature
1999 J. Elizalde Navarro Visual Arts - Painting posthumous conferment
Ernani Joson Cuenco Music
Andrea O. Veneración
Edith L. Tiempo Literature
Daisy Avellana Theater
2001 Ishmael Bernál Film posthumous conferment
Severino Montano Theater
F. Sioníl José Literature
Ang Kiukok Visual Arts - Painting
2003 José T. Joya posthumous conferment
Virgilio S. Almario Literature
Alejándro R. Roces
Eddie S. Romero Film & Broadcast Arts
Salvador F. Bernál Theater and Design
2006 BenCab Visual Arts - Painting
Abdulmari Asia Imao Visual Arts - Sculpture
Bienvenido Lumbera Literature
Ramón Obusan Dance
I.P. Santos Architecture - Landscape
Fernando Poe, Jr. Film posthumous conferment
Ramón Valera Architecture, Design and Allied Arts - Fashion Design
2009* Manuel Conde Film & Broadcast Arts posthumous conferment
Lázaro Francísco Literature
Federico Aguilar Alcuaz Visual Arts - Painting, Sculpture and Mixed Media
2014[5] Alice Reyes Dance
Francisco Coching Visual Arts posthumous conferment
Cirilo F. Bautista Literature
Francisco Feliciano Music
Ramon Santos Music
Jose Maria Zaragoza Architecture posthumous conferment
  • Proclaimed in 2009 but conferment delayed due to a controversy. Order was later bestowed to candidate in a ceremony at Malacañang Palace in November 2013.[6]

Controversies[edit]

Over the years there have been several controversies involving the awarding of National Artist or involving awardees.

2009 National Artist of the Philippines controversy[edit]

In August 2009, the conferment of the Order of National Artists on seven individuals by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo[7] became controversial when it was revealed that musician Ramon Santos had been dropped from the list of nominees short-listed in May that year by the selection committee, and that four other individuals had been nominated via "President’s prerogative": Cecilla Guidote-Alvarez (Theater), Magno José "Carlo” Caparás (Visual Arts and Film), Francisco Mañosa (Architecture), and José “Pitoy” Moreno (Fashion Design).[4][8]

Members of the Philippine art community–including a number of living members of the Order–protested that the proclamation politicised the title of National Artist, and made it "a way for President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to accommodate her allies." Specific protests were raised regarding the nomination of Guidote-Alvarez, who was also Executive Director of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts, because it was purportedly a breach of protocol and delicadeza (propriety), and of Caparás, on the grounds that he was unqualified for nomination under the both the Visual Arts and the Film categories.[8][9] On July 16, 2013, the controversy finally ended after the Supreme Court of the Philippines voted 12-1-2 that voided the four proclamations.[10]

On June 20, 2014, five years after he was originally shortlisted in 2009, Dr. Ramon Santos was finally conferred National Artist for Music by President Benigno S. Aquino III.[5]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Executive Order No. 236, s. 2003 Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b "The National Artists of the Philippines Guidelines". ncca.gov.ph. National Commission for Culture and the Arts. 2007. Retrieved 2009-08-20. 
  3. ^ Proclaimed a National Artist, not awarded
  4. ^ a b Annie Ruth C. Sabangan (2009-08-01). "Fury over Arroyo’s choice of national artists". GMANews.tv: the Official Website of GMA News and Public Affairs. 
  5. ^ a b Palace Declares New National Artists. Philippine Daily Inquirer (21 June 2014)
  6. ^ "Aguilar Alcuaz, Francisco, Conde– deceased all–to be finally conferred National Artist awards in November". Retrieved 2013-10-20. 
  7. ^ TJ Burgonio (July 29, 2009). "Arroyo names 7 National Artists for '09". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 
  8. ^ a b Kristine L. Alave, Bayani San Diego Jr (August 1, 2009). "Palace choices of 4 nat'l artists protested". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 
  9. ^ Gerry Alanguilan (2009). "Bottom Line: Carlo J. Caparas is NOT Qualified". Komikero Comics Journal. Komikero Comics Journal. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  10. ^ Mark Merueñas (2013-07-16). "SC voids National Artist Award on Carlo Caparas, 3 others". GMA News and Public Affairs. 
  11. ^ http://touchtalent.com/blog/10-artists-from-philippines-that-you-would-love-to-follow/

External links[edit]