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Map of Bohol with Guindulman highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||3rd district of Bohol|
|• Mayor||Fe A. Piezas|
|• Total||117.70 km2 (45.44 sq mi)|
|• Density||270/km2 (700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||3rd class|
Guindulman is politically subdivided into 19 barangays.
- Catungawan Sur
- Catungawan Norte
- Sawang (Pob.)
- Tabajan (Pob.)
In the olden days, names of certain places were sometimes ascribed to some usual or common incidents or occurrences as the case of the town of Guindulman. The place was originally called Guinduluman, derived from a vernacular expression which means "something or somebody who is undertaken by darkness", from the root word dulom (or du’om in short) which means “dark”.
There is no official record to show how the town really got its name. However, the legend reveals that during the early part of the Spanish era in the Philippines, there were only two formally organized towns along the southeastern and eastern coastal borders of Bohol, namely, Jagna and Batuanan (now known as Alicia). Due to the distance, travelers starting from either of these towns in the early morning were sure to be overtaken by darkness of the night at this place before reaching the next place; hence the name “guinduluman”.
However, because of the carefree attitude of the early inhabitants and the absence of official records, the name “Guinduluman” was later changed to the present name Guindulman. It is only regrettable to note that in the locality could ascertain the approximate date of its change. After all, the actual meaning of the given name does not alter. It is even further said that the early condition of the area, itself, had something to contribute to the appropriateness of the term because the center of the town was once surrounded and almost entirely shaded by a dense forest which also made the town dark even during daytime. Travelers from other places passing through this thick forest could observe its surrounding darkness because the sunlight could hardly penetrate through the thick foliage, thus causing darkness in the area at any time of the day. Such actual condition of the particular place, therefore, gave added significance to the created name.
It is hard to fix a definite date when this town was established as official records were destroyed during the war. No living person can be found who remembers the date. However, the late Francisca L. Piezas cited in her compilation that the town of Guindulman was already been established before the Tamblot Rebellion of 1622. So Guindulman may now be more than 300 years old.
During the Philippine revolution against the Spanish government there were no fight in town as reported. The people were submissive to the Spanish authorities.
Guindulman was burned during the Philippine–American War in 1898. Guerrilla warfare was already resorted to by the local insurgents known as “insurectos”. A resistance movement organized under the leadership of Colonel Pedro Samson whose headquarters was stationed in Monte Verde in the upper part of the town of Duero. There was no battle fought in the poblacion of Guindulman, but a memorable encounter took place in the barrio of Cabantian wherein both sides suffer heavy casualties.
The historical incident happened when American troops passed by the barrio of Cabantian, the “insurectos” who had already the knowledge of their trip ambushed the troops by jumping from the hilltops and killing many American soldiers with their bolos. However, because of the superiority of the American weapons, the insurgents likewise suffered several casualties. On account of such incident, the furious American patrols then burned the houses of the particular village including the rice stocks in the fields. Still dissatisfied, they shot cows and carabaos at sight.
During the Japanese occupation in 1944, another encounter occurred between the Japanese troops and members of the guerrilla unit which was organized by the Major Esteban Bernido, native of Guindulman who also became a representative of the 3rd Congressional district of Bohol, governor of the province, and who finally occupied one of the important cabinet positions of the country. The memorable incident started with an ambush made by the guerrillas under Major Esteban Bernido right at the boundary of Guindulman and Duero. The Japanese suffered heavy casualties while the guerrilla unit escaped unharmed. As reprisal, the Japanese burned the entire poblacion, leaving only the convent and the church which were occupied by their garrison.
|Population census of Guindulman|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
- "Municipality of Guindulman". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City, and Municipality - Region VII - Central Visayas: 1990, 2000, and 2010". National Statistics Office.
- National Statistics Office - Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guindulman, Bohol.|
- Municipality of Guindulman
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information