Dracunculus medinensis

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Dracunculus medinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Secernentea
Order: Camallanida
Superfamily: Dracunculoidea
Family: Dracunculidae
Genus: Dracunculus
Species: D. medinensis
Binomial name
Dracunculus medinensis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Gordius medinensis Linnaeus, 1758

Dracunculus medinensis or Guinea worm is a nematode that causes dracunculiasis, also known as guinea worm disease.[1] The disease is caused by the large female nematode of D. medinensis,[2] which is among the longest nematodes infecting humans.[3] The adult female is primarily larger than the adult male. The longest adult female recorded was 800 mm (31 in), while the adult male was only 40 mm (1.6 in).[4]


  1. ^ Stefanie Knopp, Ignace K. Amegbo, David M. Hamm, Hartwig Schulz-Key, Meba Banla & Peter T. Soboslay (March 2008). "Antibody and cytokine responses in Dracunculus medinensis patients at distinct states of infection". Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 102 (3): 277–283. doi:10.1016/j.trstmh.2007.12.003. PMID 18258273. 
  2. ^ Langbong Bimi (2007). "Potential vector species of Guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis) in Northern Ghana". Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 7 (3): 324–329. doi:10.1089/vbz.2006.0622. PMID 17767406. 
  3. ^ Talha Bin Saleem & Irfan Ahmed (2006). ""Serpent" in the breast" (PDF). Journal of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad 18 (4): 67–68. PMID 17591014. 
  4. ^ G. D. Schmidt & L S. Roberts (2009). Larry S. Roberts & John Janovy, Jr., ed. Foundations of Parasitology (8th ed.). McGraw-Hill. pp. 480–484. ISBN 978-0-07-128458-5. 

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