Guise

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This article is about French location. For House of Guise, see Guise (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Giese.
Guise
Dungeon and basse court of the Château de Guise
Dungeon and basse court of the Château de Guise
Coat of arms of Guise
Coat of arms
Guise is located in France
Guise
Guise
Coordinates: 49°54′03″N 3°37′42″E / 49.9008°N 3.6283°E / 49.9008; 3.6283Coordinates: 49°54′03″N 3°37′42″E / 49.9008°N 3.6283°E / 49.9008; 3.6283
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Aisne
Arrondissement Vervins
Canton Guise
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Hugues Cochet
Area1 16.13 km2 (6.23 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 5,364
 • Density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 02361 / 02120
Elevation 91–157 m (299–515 ft)
(avg. 97 m or 318 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Guise is a commune in the Aisne department in Picardy in northern France.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 3,085 —    
1800 3,039 −1.5%
1806 3,097 +1.9%
1821 2,729 −11.9%
1831 3,072 +12.6%
1836 3,241 +5.5%
1841 3,543 +9.3%
1846 3,528 −0.4%
1851 4,060 +15.1%
1856 3,684 −9.3%
1861 4,529 +22.9%
1866 5,289 +16.8%
1872 5,659 +7.0%
1876 6,250 +10.4%
1881 7,131 +14.1%
1886 7,677 +7.7%
1891 8,153 +6.2%
1896 8,082 −0.9%
1901 7,310 −9.6%
1906 7,776 +6.4%
1911 8,099 +4.2%
1921 6,185 −23.6%
1926 7,097 +14.7%
1931 7,110 +0.2%
1936 6,981 −1.8%
1946 6,031 −13.6%
1954 6,091 +1.0%
1962 6,284 +3.2%
1968 6,805 +8.3%
1975 6,642 −2.4%
1982 6,195 −6.7%
1990 5,976 −3.5%
1999 5,896 −1.3%
2008 5,365 −9.0%

Sights[edit]

The ruins of the medieval castle of Guise, seat of the Dukes of Guise, are located in the commune.

Economy[edit]

Guise is the agricultural centre of the northern area of Aisne.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Guise was the birthplace of Camille Desmoulins (1760–1794), a journalist and politician who played an important part in the French Revolution.

Le Familistère de Guise

Over a period of 20 years, beginning about 1856, Jean-Baptiste Godin built Le Familistère (the Social Palace), an industrial and communal residential complex that was a separate community within Guise. It expressed many of his ideas about developing social sympathy through improved housing and services for workers and their families, influenced by the ideas of the philosopher Charles Fourier. In 1880 Godin created a cooperative association by which the workers owned and managed the complex. This continued until 1968.

On the 29th of August 1914 the Battle of St. Quentin (1914) was fought in and around the town. A memorial in Guise celebrates this event.

See also[edit]

References[edit]