Otley Road, Guiseley
Guiseley shown within West Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Metropolitan borough||City of Leeds|
|Metropolitan county||West Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Guiseley is a small town in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is situated south of Otley and Menston, it is a suburb of north west Leeds. At the 2001 census, Guiseley together with Rawdon had a population of over 21,000. The A65, which passes through the town, is the main shopping street. Guiseley railway station has regular train services into Leeds, Bradford and Ilkley on the Wharfedale Line.
The settlement predates the Domesday Book. Its name is of Saxon origin. It was named "Gisele" in the Domesday Book. Much of the Aire valley was once wooded, and "ley" means a clearing in the woodland. Guiseley's church dedicated to St Oswald was the centre of a large parish that included many surrounding villages. It was used by generations of the Longfellow family. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's grandfather left here for the New World in the 18th century. The rector of St Oswald's for several decades was Rev. Robert More (died in 1642), the father-in-law of the English explorer, Captain Christopher Levett. Patrick Brontë and Maria Branwell were married at St Oswald's and became the parents of six children, including Anne, Charlotte and Emily Brontë.
Guiseley was an ancient parish in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The parish also included the townships of Carlton, Horsforth, Rawdon and Yeadon, all of which became separate civil parishes in 1866. In 1937 the civil parish of Guiseley was abolished and merged into the new Aireborough Urban District. In 1974 Aireborough was itself abolished and absorbed into the City of Leeds Metropolitan District in the new county of West Yorkshire.
The town is famous for Harry Ramsden, whose fish and chip shop traded from a small shed next to the tram stop. In 1930 he opened "the world's biggest fish and chip shop". The original restaurant was closed in December 2011. The Wetherby Whaler group purchased the site and planned a £500,000 refurbishment to open during the summer of 2012. The new Wetherby Whaler restaurant opened on 22 May 2012.
Guiseley Baptist Church was built in 1883 on Oxford Road in the old town. Today it has a congregation of all ages. Other churches in the area include St. Oswald's C of E, and Guiseley Methodist Church.
Guiseley has two retail parks: Guiseley Retail Park in the centre of town, and Westside Retail Park between Guiseley and Yeadon. The town has a Morrisons supermarket, charity shops and beauty stores on the High Street, as well as many pubs, bars, takeaways and restaurants located around the town and a leisure centre with swimming pool and gym on The Green.
Many of the retail outlets in the town are now stood on the converted sites of old factories or mills. Recently, the town has seen an increase of 'big name brands' opening stores in the area, with names such as Argos, TK Maxx, Marks & Spencer (food), Asda, Currys, Costa Coffee, Comet and Carphone Warehouse opening in the area. McDonald's, KFC and Subway all have stores in the town, Poundworld have also recently opened a store in the Westside Retail Park.
Sports and recreation
Guiseley's semi-professional football team, Guiseley A.F.C., play at Nethermoor Park, and at the start of the 2014–15 season are in the Conference North, having been runner-up in the 2011–12 season. Guiseley Cricket Club shares the club house and plays in the Airedale-Wharfedale Senior Cricket League. Aireborough RUFC play at Nunroyd Park. Guiseley's rugby league team, Guiseley Rangers play at Nunroyd No 1, running a junior team but have had success in the past with open age teams
Local philanthropist Jonathan Peate gave Nethermoor Park (Guiseley) and Nunroyd Park (between Yeadon and Guiseley) to local people in the early 20th century. Two other parks were regenerated in 2011/12, Springfield Road and Parkinson's Park. Parkinson's Park was given to Guiseley in the 1930s by Frank and Albert Parkinson. By 2002 it had become an anti-social wasteland but is now owned by Bellway Homes, and supported by the Friends of Parkinson's Park.
Victorian actress Adelaide Neilson, born in Leeds, passed the majority of her childhood in Guiseley, where she worked at Green Bottom Mill and was a nursemaid to a local family before she ran away to seek her fortune in London.
The former Yorkshire and England cricket captain Brian Close lived in the town during his childhood and still lives there now. Barney Colehan lived in Guiseley until his death in 1991. He is buried in Guiseley cemetery on Chevin End Road. The creator of the famous glove puppet Sooty, Harry Corbett, as well as Tazmin Archer famous for the song Sleeping Satellite also lived in the town.
Guiseley is situated on the higher land to the north of the Aire Valley. The A65 road passes through and there is a railway station and Leeds Bradford Airport is nearby.
||Menston||Otley||Pool in Wharfedale|
|Esholt||Yeadon||Leeds Bradford Airport|
- "2001 Census Pdf". Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- Will of Rev. Robert More, Christopher Levett of York: The Pioneer Colonist in Casco Bay, James Phinney Baxter, Printed for the Gorges Society, Vol. 5, Portland, Maine, 1893
- Vision of Britain website
- Silver Cross Story 1877 - prams, pushchairs, car seats and other nursery equipment
- "First Harry Ramsden's chip shop bought by Whaler Group". BBC News. 6 February 2012.
- "Guiseley chip shop wraps up place in TV show". Retrieved 2008-05-11. (Wharfedale Observer)
- "Home". Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Aireborough RUFC". Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Parkinson's Park website". Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "Home - Guiseley School Website". Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Aireborough Grammar School". Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Tranmere Park". Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "St Oswald's C of E Junior School, Leeds :: Home Page". Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- Guiseley On The Net
- Guisely Baptist Church website
- Guiseley School website
- "The Ancient Parish of Guiseley". GENUKI. Retrieved 2007-10-29.