Guiyang Miao

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Guiyang Miao
Hmong
Native to China
Region Guizhou
Native speakers
190,000  (1995)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
huj – Northern
hmy – Southern
hmg – Southwestern
Glottolog guiy1235[2]

Guiyang Miao, AKA Guiyang Hmong, is a Miao language of China. It is named after Guiyang County, Guizhou, though not all varieties are spoken there. The endonym is Hmong, a name it shares with the Hmong language.

Classification[edit]

Guiyang was given as a subgroup of Western Hmongic in Wang (1985).[3] Matisoff (2001) separated the three varieties as distinct Miao languages, not forming a group. Wang (1994) adds another two minor, previously unclassified varieties.[4]

  • Northern
  • Southern
  • Southwestern
  • Northwestern (Qianxi 黔西)
  • Mid-Southern (Ziyun 紫云)

Representative dialects of Guiyang Miao include:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Northern at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Southern at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Southwestern at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Guiyang Miao". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ 王辅世主编,《苗语简志》,民族出版社,1985年。
  4. ^ 李云兵,《苗语方言划分遗留问题研究》,中央民族大学出版社,2000年。
  5. ^ Mortensen, David (2004). “The Development of Tone Sandhi in Western Hmongic: A New Hypothesis”. Unpublished, UC Berkeley. http://www.pitt.edu/~drm31/development_whmongic_tone_sandhi.pdf