Gujar Khan

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Gujar Khan
Map Gujar Khan1.png
Coordinates: 33°15′03″N 73°17′48″E / 33.250846°N 73.296581°E / 33.250846; 73.296581Coordinates: 33°15′03″N 73°17′48″E / 33.250846°N 73.296581°E / 33.250846; 73.296581
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Rawalpindi
Area
 • Total 1,466 km2 (566 sq mi)
Elevation 461 m (1,512 ft)
Population (1998[1])
 • Total 57,152
 • Estimate (2007[1]) 72,957
 • Density 49.7/km2 (129/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 0513
Number of Union councils 33[2]
0

Gujar Khan (Punjabi/Urdu: گوجرخان‎) is a city in Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan. It is the headquarters of Gujar Khan Tehsil, the largest tehsil of Punjab.[3] It is approximately 55 kilometres southeast of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan and 220 km to the north west of Lahore, capital of Punjab. Gujar Khan is bounded on the north by Rawalpindi, Islamabad and Attock, on the south by Jhelum, Lahore and Gujrat, on the east by Azad Kashmir and Kahuta and on the west by Chakwal and Khushab. The city has a population of approximately 73,000.[1] Gujar Khan lies at the heart of the Pothohar cultural region. The area has considerable natural resources in the form of petroleum and natural gas.

History[edit]

The place was named after Gujars.[4]

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of northern Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

Language[edit]

Local language is Punjabi (in Potwari,Gujari and Majhi dialects) Gujar Khan.

Transport[edit]

Gujar Khan is situated on the Islamabad-Lahore National Highway. Travel within Gujar Khan is limited primarily to auto-rickshaws and buses & sazoki.

Gujar Khan Railway Station is on the main line of Pakistan Railways. Trains operate to Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Rawalpindi. Islamabad International Airport is situated approximately 45 kilometres from Gujar Khan.

Administration[edit]

Administrative subdivisions of Rawalpindi District

Raja Pervaiz Ashraf Ex Prime minister was elected from Gujarkhan`s national assembly seat. Gujar Khan is administratively subdivided into 33 Union Councils; whereas City Gujar Khan is sub-divided into 3 union councils:[5]

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the city had a population of 57,099.[6]

Potwari, dialects of Punjabi is the main language of Gujar Khan. Pahari,Urdu and Pashto are also spoken.

Natural resources[edit]

Large reserves of oil and gas were discovered in February 2002 at Tobra, about ten kilometres from Gujar Khan. The field is being developed by the Oil and Gas Development Company. The field could produce 1,600 barrels of crude oil daily.[7] The Ahdi oil and gas field (Mastala) is about 30 km from Gujar Khan, situated near Daultala town and is being operated by Pakistan Petroleum. According to the Oil and Gas Development Company, huge oil and gas reserves have been discovered at Missa oil and gas field, 5 kilometres from Gujar Khan. The sources said that the drilling at well no. 3 of the Missa Kaswal oil and gas field at Tobra led to the discovery. The field could produce 1,600 barrels of crude daily.Now OGDCL is finding more natural resources in other areas of Gujar Khan.l

Gujar Khan is 2 kilometres from the Dohngi Dam and about 35 kilometres from the much larger Mangla Dam.

Notable sites[edit]

Sangni Fort

Sangni Fort is a fort built by Maha Raja of Punjab on the borders of Gujar Khan and Kashmir. It is on the road to Bewal through Daryala, on a high rock with only one approach. It is near Barra dari, a housing scheme with two ancient place.[citation needed] Dhandgali Bridge is an old bridge made up of wood and ropes. It is an important visiting place. Moreover,Lakhtala is a rocky area having graves of pious people.[citation needed]

2008 election results[edit]

On 18 February 2008, parliamentary elections were held, the results in Gujar Khan are as follows:[8]

NA-51 80,221 39%
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf NA-51 Pakistan Peoples Party 80,221 39%
PP-3 33757 34%
Raja Tariq Kiani PP-3 Pakistan Peoples Party 33757 34%
PP-4 34435 34%
Raja Shoukat Aziz Bhatti PP-4 Pakistan Muslim League (Q) 38437 36%

Major towns[edit]

  • Kotla//bourgi karam chand

Jand Mehlu Sharif

Mohra Mari Rajgan

  • Kauntrila
  • Jatli
  • Islampurra jabbar
  • Thekrian Gujran
  • Kallaryala Sharif
  • Syed Kasran
  • Bhair Kalyal
  • Pind Thekrian
  • Mandra
  • Daultala
  • Noor Dolal
  • Narali
  • Sukho
  • Gulyana
  • Dhoke Qureshian/Lamian
  • Dhoke Habib Kanyal
  • Dhoke Rajputan Matuwa
  • Dhumman Shareef
  • Barki Chohan
  • Chak Bahadur
  • Davi
  • Pakhral Rajgan
  • Jairo Ratial
  • Jhangh Khokharan
  • Dora Budhaal
  • Manakrai (Mankray)
  • Dhok khokhran
  • Cheena
  • bhagwala khokhran
  • Sasraal
  • Sarja
  • Bardiana
  • Thakra
  • Kauntreela
  • Kihk Budhaal
  • Chehari Pharwal Dolal
  • Dhong
  • Adhi
  • Mastala
  • Bhair kalyal
  • Bajrana
  • Jatli
  • Syed Kasraan
  • Kallaryala Sharif
  • Punjgraan
  • koont
  • Kanyaal
  • Tarkwal
  • Qazian
  • Rama
  • Gorsian
  • Phambray
  • Qutbal
  • kot Raja Ameer Ali
  • Hosang
  • Mina Mora
  • Bhangali Sharif
  • Miana Sehtal
  • Mora Nori
  • Manghot
  • Jajja
  • Usman Zada Adra
  • Kahali Khengher
  • Sehal Khinger
  • Mohra Bhatti
  • Changa Bangyal
  • Chehari Dolal
  • Sohawa Mirzian
  • Jand Najar
  • Darkala
  • Partali kalan
  • Partali khurd
  • Bhata Rajpoot
  • Mohri Khatreel
  • Aara Rajgan
  • Kuri Hazaro
  • Jarmote kalan
  • Jrmote khurd
  • changa maria
  • Kabail
  • Mastala

tay gujar khan

List of banks[edit]

Gujar Khan has branches of all the major banks, including:

Healthcare[edit]

Construction of the Azmat Welfare Foundation Hospital- January 2012.

Tehsil Headquarters HospitaL, Saleem Akhtar Memorial Welfare Hospital "MR Sajid Mahmood Bhatti" is Trustee of this Hospital, Government Rural Health centers are also working in Mandra, Doultala, Qutbal & Qazian. Other hospitals are Hamid Hospital, Mubarak Hospital, Ali And Zeeshan Hospital, Zahid Hospital, Trama Centre, and Abu-Bakar Dental Hospital A new hospital is being built in the area of Sukho in Gujar Khan by the Azmat Welfare Foundation,[9][10] a British Charity, set up in 2010, to provide free healthcare for the poor and needy, in the area. The Azmat hospital should be ready to start seeing patients as early as December 2012.[11]

Gujar khan lovers Welfare Organization

Welfare organizations[edit]

  • Edhi Foundation Gujar Khan
  • Gujar Khan Lovers Welfare Organization
  • Al-Khidmat Foundation
  • Minhaj Al Quran Welfare Organization
  • Dawn Welfare Organization
  • Hajee Zain Welfare Organization
  • National Role support Program
  • Mother Welfare Foundation

Libraries[edit]

  • Saleem Akhtar Memorial Welfare Trust Library. Currently, Mr. Bhatti Tariq Sharif is the trustee of the library.
  • Al Mehria Library

PTCL[edit]

The PTCL provides the main network of landline telephones. PTCL's one Main Switching Unit(MSU) of 10,000 land lines in main city of Gujer Khan is working along with its many remote exchanges at Mandra, Noordolal, Doultala, Kalyam Awan,Thekrian Gujran and Bewal.

Education[edit]

  • City College Islampurra Jabbar

Universities:

  • Comsats Institute of Information Technology (CIIT)

Government colleges:

  • Govt. Institute of Information Technology (GIIT)
  • Sarwar Shaheed College
  • Govt. Commerce College
  • Govt. Degree College for Woman

Private colleges:

  • Gujar Khan College of Commerce (GCC)
  • College Of Advance Studies Gujar Khan & Doultala)
  • Punjab College
  • Wings College
  • Cadet College Jajja
  • Iqra College of Commerce & Computer Sciences

High Schools:

  • Government boys high school Dora Budhal
  • Government High School for Boys Thekrian Gujran
  • Government High School for Boys Mandra
  • Government High School for Boys Mohra Noori
  • Government High School for Boys Harnal
  • Government High School Sahang for Boys
  • Government High School Sahang for Girls
  • Government High School Jatli for Boys
  • Government Boys Qadria Secondary School
  • Government Boys High School Darkala
  • Government boys High School Sukho
  • Government Girls High School Manghot
  • Government Girls High School Sukho
  • Government Boys High School Narali

Private Schools:

  • Misbah public high school
  • Yousaf Public High School Sukho
  • Al-Amir Foundation Public School System Sukho
  • Al-Amir Foundation Public School System Daultala
  • Al-Noor Girls School and College Jajja
  • Dil Model School Darkala
  • Fauji Foundation model school Daultala
  • Zahoor-ul-Islam High School

Major industries[edit]

Gujar Khan industrial estate was established in 1979 and sits on the main Grand Trunk Road just outside the main city. The total area of industrial estate is 17.44 acres (70,600 m2).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Stefan Helders. "World Gazzeteer". Archived from the original on 2013-02-09. Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  2. ^ Election Commission of Pakistan. "Zila, Tehsil & Town Councils Membership for Punjab". Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  3. ^ Population Census Organization, Government of Pakistan. "List of Administrative Units of Pakistan (Tehsil/Taluka)". Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  4. ^ Ramesh Chandra Majumdar; Bhāratīya Itihāsa Samiti (1954). The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. G. Allen & Unwin. p. 64. "." 
  5. ^ Towns & Unions in the City District of Rawalpindi
  6. ^ 1998 Census details - Official website of Rawalpindi District
  7. ^ Asia Times Online (Holdings) Ltd. "Business in Asia". Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  8. ^ "Election Commission of Pakistan". 
  9. ^ http://azmat.org/
  10. ^ http://www.charity-commission.gov.uk/Showcharity/RegisterOfCharities/CharityFramework.aspx?RegisteredCharityNumber=1137683&SubsidiaryNumber=0
  11. ^ http://www.azmat.org/?page_id=29