Gulf Breeze, Florida
|Gulf Breeze, Florida|
|Santa Rosa County and the state of Florida|
|• Mayor||Beverly Zimmern|
|• City Manager||Buz Eddy|
|• City||23.5 sq mi (61.0 km2)|
|• Land||4.8 sq mi (12.3 km2)|
|• Water||18.8 sq mi (48.7 km2)|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|• Density||1,192.0/sq mi (514.88/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0283485|
Gulf Breeze is a city located on the Fairpoint Peninsula in Santa Rosa County, Florida, United States and is a suburb of Pensacola which lies to the north, across Pensacola Bay. The population was 5,665 at the 2000 census. As of 2005, the population estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau is 6,455. However, as of the 2010 U.S. Census Gulf Breeze showed a population reduction to 5,763.
Geography and Climate
Gulf Breeze is located at (30.359933, -87.178190).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.5 square miles (61 km2).4.8 square miles (12.3 km²) of it is land and 18.8 square miles (49 km2) of it (79.79%) is water.
Growth of the city itself is geographically restricted, surrounded by major water bodies on three sides. Additionally, the eastern portion of Gulf Breeze is occupied by the Naval Live Oaks Reservation. As a result, new growth occurs east of the city limits along U.S. Highway 98.
|Gulf Breeze, FL|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
From 1995 to 2005, Gulf Breeze has received several direct hits and severe blows from numerous hurricanes. In 1995, Hurricane Erin and Opal made landfall just south of the city. While Erin caused mild damage to the area, Hurricane Opal devastated much of the neighboring Pensacola Beach and Navarre communities. Nine years later, in 2004, Hurricane Ivan made landfall west of the Gulf Breeze but caused widespread damage in the city, destroying many homes and businesses. In 2005, Hurricane Dennis passed just east of the city. Damage from this storm was more severe than that received in communities lying further west.
Points of interest
In 1828 the U.S. Government purchased the land encompassing the Naval Live Oaks Reservation for experimenting with acorns for the cultivation of live oaks to produce wooden ships. Before the Civil War, Live Oak wood was the primary material of choice for shipbuilders, thus the protection and cultivation of the trees for the US Navy was considered vital for defense in those turbulent times.
Currently, the land comprises over 1300 acres (5.3 km²) in Gulf Islands National Seashore and is supervised by the National Park Service. To the south of Highway 98 is a visitor's center for the Gulf Islands National Seashore and several public beach areas. On the north side there is one awesome picnic area that overlooks Pensacola Bay.
Gulf Islands National Seashore offers recreation opportunities and preserves natural and historic resources along the Gulf of Mexico barrier islands of Florida and Mississippi. The protected regions include mainland areas and parts of 7 islands.
The Florida District of the seashore features offshore barrier islands with sparkling white quartz sand beaches (along miles of undeveloped land), historic fortifications, and nature trails.
The Zoo is a 50 acre site that includes hundreds of animals, a boardwalk overlooking a free range preserve, CP Huntington style train, as well as other amenities. The Gulf Breeze Zoo features various events throughout the year including Boo at the Zoo and Zoo Lights.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,665 people, 2,377 households, and 1,678 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,192.0 people per square mile (460.5/km²). There were 2,553 housing units at an average density of 537.2 per square mile (207.5/km²).
There were 2,377 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $52,522, and the median income for a family was $61,661. Males had a median income of $44,408 versus $28,159 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,688. About 3.8% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.
- Gulf Breeze High School (website)
- Gulf Breeze Middle School
- Gulf Breeze Elementary School (website)
- Oriole Beach Elementary School
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Gulf Breeze Zoo". Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- The Gulf Breeze Zoo — the regional zoo.
- Gulf Breeze Area Chamber of Commerce — the area's chamber of commerce