Gulf Cup of Nations

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Gulf Cup of Nations
Founded 1968, officially in 1970
Region Arabia/Middle East
(AFC)
Number of teams 8 (Qualifiers)
4 (Finals)
Current champions  United Arab Emirates
 (2nd title)
Most successful team(s)  Kuwait
 (10 titles out of 20 in total)
Website www.gulf-cup.net
www.gulfcup.com

The Gulf Cup of Nations or Arabian Gulf Cup (Arabic: كأس الخليج العربي‎), also known as Khaleeji (Arabic: خليجي‎), followed by the edition of the games (e.g. Khaleeji 17, Khaleeji 18, Khaleeji 19, etc), is a football (soccer) tournament currently held every two years rotating the host city every edition. Previously the competition was usually held by countries members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) on a biannual basis, but the history of the competition has also seen it held every 3, or even 4 years, due to political, or organizational problems.

The Gulf Cup of Nations was founded at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico by the Arab states around the Persian Gulf; Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The First Gulf Cup tournament took place in Bahrain in 1970, and was won by the Kuwaiti team.

For the first time, the 17th edition of the tournament, held in Doha, Qatar in 2004, featured sports such as handball, basketball, and volleyball. The 2007 and 2009 tournaments included these sports as well.

An increasing popularity[edit]

2007 Gulf Cup Stadium
View of the jam-packed stadium during the 2007 Gulf Cup in Abu Dhabi

The Gulf Cup has dramatically featured increased attendance in the stadia, as well as increased public, and worldwide attention. This has been in particular due to Qatar's role in expanding and improving the competition. Due to Qatar spending big on sports, and hosting competitions such as the 2006 Asian Games, as well as various international tennis events, the Qatari Ministry of Sports, and the State of Qatar was more than happy to improve the local competition.

During the 2004 Gulf Cup of Nations, which was held in Qatar, the stadiums were generally full, due to Qatar's advertising and impressive planning and handling of the competition. Also during the 2004 competition, a new trophy was constructed in Italy to further push the Gulf Cup of Nations to become a competition on the worldwide level. Another impressive difference between this competition, and previous ones was the fact that more than football was competed for, but this time volleyball, handball, and basketball were also included in the competition.

Another major point that helped Qatar improve the competition was the fact that Al Jazeera Sports, the leading sports channel in West Asia, and North Africa is based in Doha. Al Jazeera Sports won broadcasting rights to the 2004, and exclusively in the 2009 Gulf Cup[1] after a deal ending in $23.5 million,[2] and dramatically reformed the Gulf Cup of Arabian Nations by hosting numerous talk shows and documentaries, on top of filming in HD and perfecting camerawork of matches.[3]

The Gulf Cup of Nations tournament is a tournament not officially recognized by FIFA, but recent steps have been taken to make the competition official, such as the attendance of matches by powerful people in football including FIFA President, Sepp Blatter,[4] and UEFA president, Michel Platini.[5][6] The FIFA Executive Committee has also put on their October 4, 2013 meeting agenda to hear the proposal for the Gulf Cup to be included in the international match calendar.[7]

Winners[edit]

Year Host nation Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1970
Details
 Bahrain
Kuwait
n/a
Bahrain

Saudi Arabia
n/a
Qatar
1972
Details
 Saudi Arabia
Kuwait
n/a
Saudi Arabia

United Arab Emirates
n/a
Qatar
1974
Details
 Kuwait
Kuwait
4 – 0
Saudi Arabia

United Arab Emirates
1 – 1
(3 – 0)
penalties

Qatar
1976
Details
 Qatar
Kuwait
4 – 2
Iraq

Qatar
Group stage
Bahrain
1979
Details
 Iraq
Iraq
n/a
Kuwait

Saudi Arabia
n/a
Bahrain
1982
Details
 United Arab Emirates
Kuwait
n/a
Bahrain

United Arab Emirates
n/a
Saudi Arabia
1984
Details
 Oman
Iraq
1 – 1
(4 – 3)
penalties

Qatar

Saudi Arabia
Group stage
United Arab Emirates
1986
Details
 Bahrain
Kuwait
n/a
United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia
n/a
Qatar
1988
Details
 Saudi Arabia
Iraq
n/a
United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia
n/a
Bahrain
1990
Details
 Kuwait
Kuwait
n/a
Qatar

Bahrain
n/a
Oman
1992
Details
 Qatar
Qatar
n/a
Bahrain

Saudi Arabia
n/a
United Arab Emirates
1994
Details
 United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
n/a
United Arab Emirates

Bahrain
n/a
Qatar
1996
Details
 Oman
Kuwait
n/a
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
n/a
United Arab Emirates
1998
Details
 Bahrain
Kuwait
n/a
Saudi Arabia

United Arab Emirates
n/a
Oman
2002
Details
 Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
n/a
Qatar

Kuwait
n/a
Bahrain
2003
Details
 Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
n/a
Bahrain

Qatar
n/a
Oman
2004
Details
 Qatar
Qatar
1 – 1
(6 – 5)
penalties

Oman

Bahrain
3 – 1
Kuwait
2007
Details
 United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
1 – 0
Oman
No third place match
2009
Details
 Oman
Oman
0 – 0
(6 – 5)
penalties

Saudi Arabia
No third place match
2010
Details
 Yemen
Kuwait
1 – 0
Saudi Arabia
No third place match
2013
Details
 Bahrain
United Arab Emirates
2 – 1
(a.e.t.)

Iraq

Kuwait
6 – 1
Bahrain
2014
Details
 Saudi Arabia
^n/a A round-robin tournament determined the final standings.

Participating nations[edit]

Team Bahrain
1970
Saudi Arabia
1972
Kuwait
1974
Qatar
1976
Iraq
1979
United Arab Emirates
1982
Oman
1984
Bahrain
1986
Saudi Arabia
1988
Kuwait
1990
Qatar
1992
United Arab Emirates
1994
Oman
1996
Bahrain
1998
Saudi Arabia
2002
Kuwait
2003
Qatar
2004
United Arab Emirates
2007
Oman
2009
Yemen
2010
Bahrain
2013
Saudi Arabia
2014
Years
 Bahrain 2nd WD GS 4th 4th 2nd GS GS 4th 3rd 2nd 3rd GS GS GS 2nd 3rd 4th GS 4th 4th 21
 Iraq 2nd 1st WD 1st GS 1st WD GS GS GS 4th 2nd 12
 Kuwait 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd 1st GS 1st GS 1st GS GS 1st 1st 3rd GS 4th GS SF 1st 3rd 21
 Oman GS GS GS GS GS GS GS 4th GS GS GS 4th GS 4th 2nd 2nd 1st GS GS 19
 Qatar 4th 4th 3rd 3rd GS GS 2nd 4th GS 2nd 1st 4th 2nd GS 2nd 3rd 1st GS SF GS GS 21
 Saudi Arabia 3rd 2nd 2nd GS 3rd 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 2nd 1st 3rd 2nd 1st 1st GS SF 2nd 2nd GS 20
 United Arab Emirates 3rd 4th GS GS 3rd 4th 2nd 2nd GS 4th 2nd 4th 3rd GS GS GS 1st GS SF 1st 20
 Yemen GS GS GS GS GS GS 6
Total 4 5 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 8 8 8 8 8
  • (#) Invitee.
  • Red border: Host nation.
  • Blank: Did not enter.
  • TBD: To be determined.
  • GS: Group Stage.
  • SF: Semifinals. (No 3rd place playoff.)
  • WD: Withdrew
  •  Iraq was banned from the competition from 1991 to 2003.
  •  Yemen and  Bahrain have not yet won the championship.
  •  Bahrain and  Saudi Arabia had a joint second place in 1992.
  • There was no third place for the Gulf Cup in 2007, 2009 and 2010.

All-time goal records[edit]

Below the table of all-time goal records by nations.[8]

Nation Goals Scored Tournaments Games Played Goals per Game
 Kuwait 181 20 99 1.83
 Saudi Arabia 144 19 94 1.61
 Qatar 110 20 97 1.16
 Bahrain 103 19 91 1.14
 United Arab Emirates 94 19 93 1.02
 Iraq 88 9 45 2.13
 Oman 69 18 91 0.73
 Yemen 9 5 18 0.50

All-time goal records by Tournaments:[9]

Tournaments Games Goals Scored Goals per Game
1970 6 19 3.17
1972 6 25 4.17
1974 10 40 4.00
1976 22 84 3.82
1979 21 70 3.33
1982 15 38 2.53
1984 22 51 2.32
1986 21 53 2.52
1988 21 34 1.62
1990 10 21 2.10
1992 15 30 2.00
1994 15 34 2.27
1996 15 35 2.33
1998 15 40 2.67
2002 15 33 2.20
2003 21 46 2.19
2004 16 59 3.69
2007 15 34 2.27
2009 15 31 2.07
2010 15 30 2.00
2013 16 36 2.25
  • Qatar reached 100 goals on 16-12-2004 vs Oman

Does not include goals from annulled or abandoned games (1972 - Bahrain games, 1982 & 1990 Iraq games)

Includes 1974 Preliminary Round games

Does not include penalty shoot-out goals

Golden boot history[edit]

Year Player Goals scored
2013 United Arab Emirates Ahmed Khalil 3
Iraq Younis Mahmoud 3
Kuwait Abdulhadi Khamis 3
2010 Kuwait Bader Al-Mutawa 3
Iraq Alaa Abdul-Zahra 3
2009 Oman Hassan Rabia 4
2007 United Arab Emirates Ismail Matar 5
2004 Oman Amad Al Hosni 4
2003 Bahrain Talal Yousef 5
2002 Oman Hani Al-Dhabit 5
1998 Kuwait Jasem Al Huwaidi 9
1996 Qatar Mohammed Salem Al-Enazi 4
1994 Saudi Arabia Fuad Anwar 4
Qatar Mahmoud Soufi 4
1992 Qatar Mubarak Mustafa 3
1990 Kuwait Mohamed Hajeah 5
1988 United Arab Emirates Zuhair Bukheet 4
Iraq Ahmad Radhi 4
1986 United Arab Emirates Fahad Khamees 6
1984 Iraq Hussain Saeed 7
1982 Bahrain Ebrahim Zwaeed 3
United Arab Emirates Saleem Khalifa 3
Kuwait Yussif Swaid 3
Saudi Arabia Majed Abdullah 3
1979 Iraq Hussein Saeed 10
1976 Kuwait Jasem Yaqoub 9
1974 Kuwait Jasem Yaqoub 6
1972 Kuwait Hamad Bu Hamood 6
1970 Kuwait Mohammed Masawd 3
Kuwait Jawad Khalif 3

Other records[edit]

  • Biggest Win - 8 Goals
 Kuwait 8 – 0  Oman (29-03-1976)
  • Most Goals in a game - 8 Goals
 Kuwait 8 – 0  Oman (29-03-1976)
  • Most Individual Goals in a Single Game - 5 Goals
Majed Abdullah  Saudi Arabia (03-04-1979 vs. Qatar)
Jassem Al Houwaidi  Kuwait 1998 vs. Qatar
  • Most Individual Goals in a Single Tournament - 10 Goals
Hussein Saeed  Iraq (1979)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://gulfnews.com/sport/football/uae-fans-could-be-deprived-of-gulf-cup-action-1.43346 - Al Jazeera win rights from Abu Dhabi & Dubai Sports, in a competition that was broadcast freely just a decade ago
  2. ^ http://m.sportbusiness.com/news/168199/al-jazeera-acquires-gulf-cup-rights - Al Jazeera Sports receive full broadcasting rights for 23.5 million dollars
  3. ^ http://www.wtvision.com/290/wtvision-broadcasts-real-time-statistics-at-2009-gulf-cup-in-oman.htm - Al Jazeera Sports offer the Gulf Cup in HD for the first time, and offer further enhanced visual graphics
  4. ^ http://www.gulf-cup.net/index.asp?IDNews=125&id=100001 - Sepp Blatter on the 19th Gulf Cup
  5. ^ http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/84173262/AFP - Michel Platini attending the 19th Gulf Cup
  6. ^ http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/84167684/AFP - Michel Platini attending the 19th Gulf Cup
  7. ^ http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/bodies/02/17/94/91/13920_excooctober_agenda_en_13-02270_101_en_en_13-02410_101_en_en_neutral.pdf
  8. ^ http://gulfcup19.com/english/Gulfcup-History.aspx#statistics - Gulf Cup statistics by team
  9. ^ Statistics made by contributor based on information found on gulfcup.com

External links[edit]