Gulf Shores, Alabama

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Gulf Shores, Alabama
City
Condos and hotels on the beach
Condos and hotels on the beach
Motto: Small Town, Big Beach
Gulf Shores is located in Alabama
Gulf Shores
Gulf Shores
Location in Alabama
Coordinates: 30°16′4″N 87°42′5″W / 30.26778°N 87.70139°W / 30.26778; -87.70139
Country United States
State Alabama
County Baldwin
Government
 • Mayor Robert Craft
Area
 • Total 28.0 sq mi (72.5 km2)
 • Land 23.2 sq mi (60.0 km2)
 • Water 4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2)
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,741
 • Density 421/sq mi (162.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36542, 36547
Area code(s) 251
FIPS code 01-32272
GNIS feature ID 0119462
Website www.gulfshoresal.gov

Gulf Shores is a coastal city in Baldwin County, Alabama, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 9,741,[1] up from 5,044 at the 2000 census. Since the year 2000, Baldwin County as a whole has experienced rapid population growth, second only to Shelby County in Alabama.[2]

Geography[edit]

Gulf Shores is located on the Gulf of Mexico at 30°16'4.069" North, 87°42'5.285" West (30.267797, −87.701468).[3] It is the southernmost settlement in the state of Alabama.[4] It is served by Alabama State Route 59 (Gulf Shores Parkway), which leads north to Foley. Route 182 (Beach Boulevard) runs east-west along the shore front, while Route 180 (Fort Morgan Road) runs parallel to it, north of Little Lagoon. Gulf State Park occupies a large eastern part of the city.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.0 square miles (72.5 km2), of which 23.2 square miles (60.0 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12.5 km2), or 17.24%, is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The location of Gulf Shores on the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico makes it vulnerable to hurricanes. In September 1979, Hurricane Frederic leveled most of the town. In September 2004, Hurricane Ivan caused extensive wind and flooding damage. In 2005, while the city was still cleaning up from Ivan, Hurricane Katrina caused extensive damage and flooding.

Climate data for Gulf Shores, Alabama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 60
(16)
64
(18)
70
(21)
77
(25)
83
(28)
88
(31)
90
(32)
90
(32)
87
(31)
79
(26)
70
(21)
63
(17)
76.8
(24.8)
Average low °F (°C) 40
(4)
42
(6)
49
(9)
55
(13)
63
(17)
70
(21)
73
(23)
72
(22)
68
(20)
57
(14)
49
(9)
42
(6)
56.7
(13.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 6.11
(155.2)
5.47
(138.9)
6.71
(170.4)
4.53
(115.1)
5.60
(142.2)
5.94
(150.9)
8.00
(203.2)
6.22
(158)
5.97
(151.6)
3.57
(90.7)
5.19
(131.8)
4.40
(111.8)
67.71
(1,719.8)
Source: The Weather Channel [5]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 9,741 people residing in the city. The population density was 274.3 per square mile (105.9/km2). There were 6,810 housing units at an average density of 370.4 per square mile (143.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.54% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. 1.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Residential area on canal.

There were 2,344 households out of which 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.56.

16.4% of the population was under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $41,826, and the median income for a family was $51,862. Males had a median income of $40,259 versus $22,467 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,356. About 6.8% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Gulf Shores is a part of the Baldwin County Public Schools system. An elementary school, middle school, high school, and a local community college serve the community.

Tourism[edit]

Like many coastal communities, tourism plays a major role in the local economy of Gulf Shores. The 2010 BP oil spill was expected to severely effect both local real estate and beach tourism. However, after a rough year, the tourism economy in Gulf Shores appears to have returned to pre-spill levels.[10] In October 2011, the city began a branding campaign to help it stand out from other coastal destinations in the area.[11]

Ocean fishing, beaches, boating cruises, and especially golf are major draws for the area. Chartered fishing boats and cruise boats for sunsets, dinner cruises, dolphin watching, and watersports embark regularly, and the area is home to two of the top-rated golf resorts in the Alabama - Craft Farms[12] and Kiva Dunes.[13] There are a total of nine signature golf clubs,[14] as well as a state-owned 18-hole course.[15] Other popular attractions include the Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo (as featured in Animal Planet's "The Little Zoo that Could");[16] Pelican Place at Craft Farms, a shopping mall; and Waterville USA, a family amusement/waterpark.[17] The city is home to an annual three-day music festival on the beach each May, the Hangout Music Festival.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gulf Shores city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights" (for Gulf Shores, AL), US Census Bureau, 2007, webpage: US-Census-GulfShoresAL.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "EXTREME SETTLEMENTS: A COMPREHENSIVE LIST". Weekend Roady. 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  5. ^ "Monthly Averages for Gulf Shores, AL". The Weather Channel. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "gs-hs.com". gs-hs.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  8. ^ "gsmsdolphins.com". gsmsdolphins.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  9. ^ "gsesdolphins.com". gsesdolphins.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  10. ^ 7thSpace (2011-10-01). "Last year's oil spill was predicted to lessen the interest in condos in Orange Beach and Gulf Shores". 7thspace.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  11. ^ Guy Busby Press-Register. "Gulf Shores conducting survey of residents | al.com". Blog.al.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  12. ^ "Craft Farms View Library Document: Awards, Articles & Accolades". Craftfarms.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  13. ^ Baldwin, Chris (2008-04-01). "Winds of greatness: Kiva Dunes Golf Course is the best in Alabama". Gulfcoastgolf.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  14. ^ "Gulf Shores Golf - Gulf Coast Golf Courses - Great Public Golf Courses". Golf.gulfshores.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  15. ^ "Alabama State Parks". Alapark.com. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  16. ^ "Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo". Encyclopedia of Alabama. 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  17. ^ Name. "Things to do in Gulf Shores: Check out 16 Gulf Shores Attractions". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  18. ^ Amy Bickers. "Hangout Music Festival". Southern Living. Time Inc. Lifestyle Group. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°16′04″N 87°42′05″W / 30.267797°N 87.701468°W / 30.267797; -87.701468