Gulf War oil spill

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The Gulf War oil spill was one of the largest oil spills in history, resulting from the Gulf War in 1991.[1] The apparent strategic goal was to foil a potential landing by US Marines. It also made commandeering oil reserves difficult for US forces.[2] The immediate reports from Baghdad said that American air strikes had caused a discharge of oil from two tankers. Coalition forces determined the main source of oil to be the Sea Island terminal in Kuwait.[3] On January 26, three US F-117 fighter-bombers destroyed pipelines to prevent further spillage into the Persian Gulf.[4] Several other sources of oil were found to be active: tankers and a damaged Kuwaiti oil refinery near Mina Al Ahmadi, tankers near Bubiyan Island, and Iraq's Mina Al Bakr terminal.[5]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/05/03/2888880.htm
  2. ^ "Timeline: 20 years of major oil spills". Australian Broadcasting Commission. May 4, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  3. ^ World's Largest Oil Spills Map
  4. ^ Dorr, Robert (1991).Desert Storm Air War. Motorbooks International, p. 75. ISBN 0-87938-560-X
  5. ^ Bultmann, Paul R. (2001). "Environmental Warfare: 1991 Persian Gulf War". State University of New York College at Oneonta. Retrieved 2009-10-28.