The Gulf of Iskenderun of the Mediterranean Sea is situated at the eastern and southern coasts of Turkey near Syria (see the lower right corner of the map).
The Gulf of İskenderun (Turkish: İskenderun Körfezi, by the Romans called Mare Issicum or Issicus Sinus) forms the easternmost embayment of the Mediterranean Sea at the southern coast of Turkey near its border with Syria; it is a gulf or inlet of the Levantine Sea, the eastern part of the Mediterranean basin. The gulf bounds parts of the Turkish provinces of Adana and Hatay and the city of İskenderun, formerly known as Alexandretta.
The eastern and southern coasts of the gulf had been shaped by the Nur Mountains (Turkish: Nur Dağları, literally "Mountains of Light"). On the northern coastline lies the region of Çukurova.
Coordinates: 36°34′47″N 35°49′48″E / 36.57972°N 35.83000°E