Gulf of Suez
|Gulf of Suez|
|Max. length||314 km (195 mi)|
|Max. width||32 km (20 mi)|
|Average depth||40 m (130 ft)|
|Max. depth||70 m (230 ft)|
The northern end of the Red Sea bifurcates into the Sinai Peninsula, creating the Gulf of Suez (Arabic: خليج السويس; transliterated: Khalīǧ as-Suwais) in the west and the Gulf of Aqaba to the east. The gulf is formed within a relatively young but now inactive Gulf of Suez Rift rift basin, dating back about 28 million years. It stretches some 300 kilometres (190 mi) north by northwest, terminating at the Egyptian city of Suez and the entrance to the Suez Canal. Along the mid-line of the gulf is the boundary between Africa and Asia. The entrance of the gulf lies atop the mature Gemsa oil and gas field. In August 2014, a major industrial zone west of the gulf was initiated by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, in conjunction with an expansion of the Suez Canal and the establishment of a major economic hub adjoining the canal.
The International Hydrographic Organization defines the southern limit of the gulf as "A line running from Ras Muhammed (27°43'N) to the South point of Shadwan Island (34°02'E) and thence Westward on a parallel (27°27'N) to the coast of Africa".
The gulf sedimentary basin stratigraphic section consists of prerift Paleozoic to Oligocene clastic rocks and carbonates, and synrift and postrift Miocene to Holocene clastics and evaporites.:236 Three large oil fields are in the gulf: the El Morgan discovered in 1964, Belayim discovered in 1955, and the October Field discovered in 1977.:238 The October Field produces from the Cretaceous Nubia Formation, the Upper Cretaceous Nezzazat Formation, the Miocene Nukhul Formation, and the Miocene Asl Member of the Upper Rudeis Formation.:236
- http://geoinfo.amu.edu.pl/wpk/geos/GEO_2/GEO_PLATE_T-37.HTML Detailed geological information on the Gulf
- ISS EarthKAM: Images: Collections: Composite: Gulf of Suez, Egypt and Saudi Arabia
- "USGS Open File Report OF99-50-A Red Sea Basin Province (Province Geology)".
- "New Suez Canal project proposed by Egypt to boost trade". Cairo News.Net. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
- Lelek, J.J., Shepherd, D.B., Stone, D.M., and Abdine, A.S., 1992, October Field, In Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade, 1978-1988, AAPG Memoir 54, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN0891813330
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