Gulfport–Biloxi International Airport

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Gulfport–Biloxi International Airport
Gulfport-Biloxi International Airport Logo.jpg
Gulfport-apt-19feb1992.jpg
USGS 1992 orthophoto
IATA: GPTICAO: KGPTFAA LID: GPT
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Gulfport–Biloxi Regional Airport Authority
Serves Gulfport–Biloxi metropolitan area
Location Gulfport, Mississippi
Elevation AMSL 28 ft / 9 m
Coordinates 30°24′26″N 089°04′12″W / 30.40722°N 89.07000°W / 30.40722; -89.07000Coordinates: 30°24′26″N 089°04′12″W / 30.40722°N 89.07000°W / 30.40722; -89.07000
Website www.FlyGPT.com
Map
GPT is located in Mississippi
GPT
GPT
Location of airport in Mississippi
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14/32 9,002 2,744 Asphalt/Concrete
18/36 4,935 1,504 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Aircraft operations 63,052
Based aircraft 34
Sources: Airport website[1] and FAA[2]

Gulfport–Biloxi International Airport (IATA: GPT[3]ICAO: KGPTFAA LID: GPT) is a joint civil-military public use airport located three nautical miles (6 km) northeast of the central business district of Gulfport, a city in Harrison County, Mississippi, United States.[2] It is owned by the Gulfport–Biloxi Regional Airport Authority[2] and serves the Gulf Coast area.

This airport is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a primary commercial service airport (more than 10,000 enplanements per year).[4] As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 487,907 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008,[5] 411,978 enplanements in 2009, and 461,072 in 2010.[6]

History[edit]

The airport was originally constructed in 1942 by the United States Army Air Forces as a training base for Air Corps Flying Training Command. Gulfport Army Airfield opened on July 7, and the Eastern Technical Training Command conducted technical training and basic training until transferred to Third Air Force on March 31, 1944 with joint use by Technical Training Command for marine training of Emergency Rescue School (3d Air Rescue Group) located at Keesler Army Airfield. With the end of the war and the drawdown of the military, Gulfport AAF was placed into reserve status on January 31, 1946.

Gulfport Field was declared excess by the Air Force and conveyed by the War Assets Administration to the City of Gulfport in 1949 for use as a civil airport. The City negotiated airline service contracts with Southern Airways and later National Airlines to provide passenger and cargo service beginning in the early 1950s.

Due to the large expansion of the United States Air Force as a result of the Cold War, a new lease was obtained for military use of the airport and Gulfport Air Force Base was opened as a joint-use civil/military facility. Gulfport AFB was closed as an active Air Force installation and its military facilities were transferred to the Mississippi Air National Guard, with the airport remaining a joint-use airport and Air National Guard base. Although no military aircraft are permanently assigned, the base does serve as the home of the Gulfport Combat Readiness Training Center.

Through the late 1970s, Southern Airways continued as the primary airline, followed by successors Republic Airlines and Northwest Airlines into the 1990s.

Facilities and aircraft[edit]

Gulfport–Biloxi International Airport covers an area of 1,400 acres (567 ha) at an elevation of 28 feet (9 m) above mean sea level. It has two runways: 14/32 is 9,002 by 150 feet (2,744 x 46 m) with an asphalt and concrete surface; 18/36 is 4,935 by 150 feet (1,504 x 46 m) with an asphalt surface.[2]

For the 12-month period ending January 31, 2012, the airport had 63,052 aircraft operations, an average of 172 per day: 43% military, 31% general aviation, 20% air taxi, and 6% scheduled commercial. At that time there were 34 aircraft based at this airport: 50% single-engine, 21% jet, 18% multi-engine, 6% helicopter, and 6% military.[2]

Cargo facility[edit]

A 40,000-square-foot (3,700 m2) cargo facility is located at Gulfport–Biloxi International Airport. The cargo facility includes 20,000 square feet (1,900 m2) of chiller space, 20,000 square feet (1,900 m2) of cargo sorting and distribution space, and 6,000 square feet (560 m2) of office space. Airside access from the runway system has been designed with safety and efficiency in mind. The ramp can facilitate two MD11s, DC10s or B747s. The area is also expandable with 120 acres (0.49 km2) reserved for air cargo on airport property.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

GPT currently has five airlines providing scheduled passenger service to five airports (ATL, CLT, DFW, IAH, PIE).

Airlines Destinations
American Eagle Dallas/Fort Worth
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Delta Connection Atlanta
Sun Country Airlines St. Petersburg/Clearwater
United Express Houston-Intercontinental
US Airways Express Charlotte

Statistics[edit]

Carrier shares for July 2013 – June 2014[7]
Carrier   Passengers (arriving and departing)
Expressjet
206,000(34.60%)
Delta
175,000(29.44%)
PSA Airlines
73,033(14.62%)
Vision
70,070(11.89%)
American Eagle
44,047(7.48%)
Other
25,040(4.27%)
Top domestic destinations (July 2013 – June 2014)[7]
Rank City Airport Passengers
1 Atlanta, GA Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International (ATL) 132,000
2 Houston, TX George Bush Intercontinental (IAH) 52,000
3 Dallas/Fort Worth, TX Dallas/Fort Worth International (DFW) 43,000
4 Charlotte, North Carolina Charlotte/Douglas International (CLT) 38,000
5 St. Petersburg, Florida St. Petersburg/Clearwater International (PIE) 27,000

Hurricane Katrina[edit]

The airport was closed for repairs following severe damage by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005. On August 30, 2005 reopened the Airfield to aircraft 1st responder flights and on September 8, 2005, the airport reopened for commercial flights. On February 1, 2006, Gulfport–Biloxi International Airport was back to 100% of pre-Katrina seats. As of September 12, 2006, the Airport was at 120% of seats available pre-Katrina. Currently, the airport is thriving with many non-stop flights to numerous destinations, and underwent extensive renovation completed in 2007. All pre-Katrina carriers are back in operation as well as new carriers.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gulfport–Biloxi International Airport, official site
  2. ^ a b c d e FAA Airport Master Record for GPT (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective November 15, 2012.
  3. ^ "IATA Airport {{subst:lc:Code}} Search (GPT: Gulfport / Biloxi Regional)". International Air Transport Association. Retrieved December 27, 2012. 
  4. ^ "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF, 2.03 MB). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Gulfport/Biloxi, MS: Gulfport–Biloxi International (GPT)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), U.S. Department of Transportation. September 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 

External links[edit]