Gulshan Kumar Mehta

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Gulshan Bawra
Born Gulshan Kumar Mehta
(1937-04-12)12 April 1937
Sheikhupura, Punjab, British India
Died 7 August 2009(2009-08-07) (aged 72)
Mumbai, Maharashtra
Occupation lyricist, actor
Years active 1961-1999

Gulshan Kumar Mehta, popularly known by his pen name Gulshan Bawra (literally: "Gulshan the madman")[1] (12 April 1937 – 7 August 2009) was an Indian songwriter and actor in Hindi cinema. In a career spanning 42 years, he has to his credit about 240 songs, he collaborated with noted music directors like Kalyanji Anandji, Shankar Jaikishan, and R D Burman composed almost half of songs in films like Khel Khel Mein (1975), Kasme Vaade (1976) and Satte Pe Satta (1982). Apart from R.D. Burman hits, he is most remembered for his songs like, Mere Desh Ki Dharti in Upkaar (1968), and Yaari Hai Imaan Mera, Zanjeer (1974), both of which got him the Filmfare Best Lyricist Award.[2][3] The latter also top the Binaca Geetmala annual list of 1973. As a character actor, he also appeared in a small number of Hindi films.

Early life and education[edit]

Gulshan Kumar Mehta, popularly known as Gulshan Bawra was born 30 km from Lahore in a place called Sheikhupura. His father had a construction business, and his immediate family were Shri Labh Chand Mehta,father of Roop Lal Mehta and Chaman Lal Mehta, incidentally both their families were victims of the partition riots where young Gulshan witnessed his father and his cousin's, father killed in Labh Chand Mehta's haveli, in front of their own eyes. His elder sister at Jaipur, brought him and his elder brother up. After his brother got a job, they shifted to Delhi where he graduated from Delhi University. During college, he began to write poetry.[4][5]


He wanted to come into films and applied for a job with the Railways. He was posted to Kota which was then in Rajasthan but when he arrived there, the vacancy was filled. His next call was luckily that for the post of a clerk at Mumbai and he arrived in the city in 1955. Gulshan struggled to get a film break, initially keeping his job on. Kalyanji (-Anandji), then on his own as Kalyanji Virji Shah, gave him his first opening in Chandrasena (1959) in the song 'Main kya jaanu kahan laage yeh saawan matwala re' sung by Lata Mangeshkar.

K-A's first joint film, the Meena Kumari-Balraj Sahni starrer Satta Bazar later the same year marked his first brush with success with hits like 'Tumhein yaad hoga kabhi hum mile the' (Lata-Hemant), 'Aakde ka dhanda' (Rafi) and 'Chandi ke chand tukdon ke liye' (Hemant Kumar).It was during the making of this film that the film's distributor Shantibhai Patel christened him 'Bawra'.[6]

Almost half of his songs have been with R.D.Burman. His last release was Zulmi (1999) and his last hit was 'Le pappiyaan jhappiyaan paale hum' for Haqeeqat/1995, which landed him in his only controversy - of writing a vulgar song. As always, Bawra is selective and is doing two films only today. He finds today's filmmakers, music barons and composers musically illiterate and thus is even choosier than before, as he lives a secure, relaxed life. 'Why should I torture myself or waste my lyrics and talents on those who will ask me to do all sorts of compromises?' he asks. His films in the '90s include, besides Haqeeqat and Zulmi, Qurbani Rang Jaayegi, Tehkiqaat, Laat Saab, Maidan-E-Jung, Indrajeet and Chor Pe Mor.[5]

He died on 7 August 2009 at age 72 at his Pali Hill residence in Mumbai.[2][7]


As actor


As lyricist

Noted lyrics[edit]

Song Movie
Mere desh ki dharti Upkar
Yaari hai imaan mera Zanjeer 2015
Sanam teri kasam Sanam Teri Kasam
Agar tum na hote Agar Tum Na Hote
Tu tu hai wohi Yeh Vaada Raha
Aati Rahengi Baharen Kasme Vaade
Kasme Vaade Nibhayenge Hum Kasme Vaade
Jivan ke har mod pe mil jayenge humsafar Jhoota Kahin Ka
Teri Badmashiyan Zulmi
Waada karle saajana Haath Ki Safai
Peenewalon ko peene ka bahana chahiye Haath Ki Safai
Le pappiyaan jhappiyaan paale hum Haqeeqat
Pyar Hamen Kis Mod Pe Satte Pe Satta


Award Song Movie
Filmfare Best Lyricist Award - 1974 Yaari Hai Imaan Mera Zanjeer
Filmfare Best Lyricist Award - 1968 Mere Desh Ki Dharti Upkaar[8]


External links[edit]