Gulzar at the launch of Jagjit singh's album Tera Bayaan Ghalib
|Born||Sampooran Singh Kalra
18 August 1936
Dina, Jhelum District, Punjab, British India
(now in Pakistan)
|Occupation||Film director, Lyricist, Screenwriter, Film producer, Poet|
1971–1999 (as Director)1956–present (as lyricist)
|Parents||Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur|
Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1936), known popularly by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist and film director.
Gulzar was born in a Kalra Arora Sikh family, to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur, in Dina, Jhelum District, British India (now in Pakistan). Before becoming a writer, Sampooran worked in Mumbai as a car mechanic in a garage. His father rebuked him for being writer initially. He took the pen name Gulzar later.
He began his career under the film directors Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. His book Ravi Paar has a narrative of Bimal Roy and the agony of creation. Gulzar started his career as a songwriter with the music director Sachin Dev Burman for the movie Bandini (1963). Shailendra who has penned rest of the songs of the movie requested Gulzar to write the song "Mora Gora Ang Layle".
As a lyricist, Gulzar had close association with the music directors Rahul Dev Burman. He has also worked with Sachin Dev Burman, Shankar Jaikishan, Hemant Kumar, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, Madan Mohan, Rajesh Roshan, Anu Malik, and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy.
Gulzar worked with Salil Chowdhury (Anand, Mere Apne), Madan Mohan (Mausam) and more recently with Vishal Bhardwaj (Maachis, Omkara, Kaminey), A. R. Rahman (Dil Se.., Guru, Slumdog Millionaire, Raavan) and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy (Bunty aur Babli).
After writing dialogues and screenplay for films like Aashirwad, Anand, Khamoshi, Gulzar directed his first film Mere Apne(1971). The film was a remake of Tapan Sinha's Bengali film Apanjan(1969). He then directed Parichay and Koshish. Parichay was based on a Bengali novel, Rangeen Uttarain by Raj Kumar Maitra. He wrote story of Koshish based on the struggle faced by deaf-dumb couple. In 1973, he directed Achanak inspired by the 1958 murder case KM Nanavati v State of Maharashtra. Later he directed Aandhi, based on the Hindi novel "Kaali Aandhi" by Kamleshwar. His next film Khushboo was based on Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay's Pandit Mashay. His Mausam which won National Award for 2nd Best Feature Film, Filmfare Best Movie and Filmfare Best Director awards, along with other six Filmfare nominations, was loosely based on the story "Weather", from the novel, The Judas Tree, by A.J. Cronin. His 1982's film Angoor was based on Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors.
None of the Gulzar's film were very commercially successful. His films told stories of human relationships entangled in social issues. Libaas was a story of extra-marital affair of an urban couple. Due to its objectionable subject the film never got released in India. Mausam pictured a story of a father who tries to improve the life of his prostitute-daughter. In Maachis, a young Punjabi boy pick up to terrorism to fight the situations only to realise its temporary nature. Hu Tu Tu dealt with corruption in India and how a man decides to fight it. Many of their popular songs were sung by Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle. These include "Musafir Hoon Yaron" (Parichay), "Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi" (Aandhi), and "Mera Kuch Samaan" (Ijaazat).
His poems are published in three compilations: Chand Pukhraaj Ka, Raat Pashminey Ki and Pandrah Paanch Pachattar. His short stories are published in Raavi-paar (also known as Dustkhat in Pakistan) and Dhuan (smoke).
For the peace campaign (Aman ki Asha) jointly started by India's and Pakistan's leading media houses, he wrote the anthem "Nazar Main Rehte Ho", which was recorded by Shankar Mahadevan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.
He wrote lyrics and dialogues for several Doordarshan TV series including Jungle Book, Alice in Wonderland, Hello Zindagi, Guchche and Potli Baba Ki with Vishal Bhardwaj. He has more recently written and narrated for the children's audiobook series Karadi Tales.
Gulzar is married to actress Raakhee. The couple have a daughter, Meghna Gulzar (Bosky); when their daughter was only one year old, they separated but never divorced. Meghna Gulzar grew up with her father and, after completing her graduation in films from New York University, went on to become a director of films like Filhaal, Just Married and Dus Kahaniyaan, and authored the biography of her father Gulzar, in 2004.
Awards and nominations
Gulzar was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2004 for his contribution to the arts and the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2002. He has won a number of National Film Awards and 20 Filmfare Awards. At the 81st Academy Awards, he won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" (shared with A.R.Rahman), for the film Slumdog Millionaire. On 31 January 2010, the same song won him a Grammy Award in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.
Gulzar won the most number of Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist (11 in total) as well as Filmfare Award for Best Dialogue (4 in total). He was also awarded the 2012 Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration.
|1972||National Film Awards||Best Screenplay||Won||Screenplay writer||Koshish|
|1972||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Anand|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Namak Haraam|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Koshish||Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Achanak||Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Story||Nominated||Story writer||Koshish||Won by Salim-Javed for film Zanjeer|
|1975||National Film Awards||Second Best Feature Film||Won||Director||Mausam|
|1975||Filmfare Awards||Critics Award for Best Movie||Won||Director||Aandhi|
|1976||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Won||Director||Mausam|
|1976||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Aandhi||Won by Yash Chopra for Deewar|
|1976||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Tere Bina Zindagi Se" from film Aandhi||Won by Indeevar for "Dil Aisa Kisi" from film Amanush|
|1977||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dil Dhoondta Hai" from film Mausam||Won by Sahir Ludhianvi for "Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein" from film Kabhi Kabhie|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Do Deewaane Shehar Mein" from film Gharaonda|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Naam Gum Jaayega" from film Kinara||Won by himself for "Do Deewaane Sheher Mein" from film Gharaonda|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Kinara||Won by Basu Chatterjee for Swami|
|1980||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Aanewala Pal Jaane Wala Hain" from film Gol Maal|
|1981||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Hazaar Raahen Mud Ke Dekhi" from film Thodisi Bewafaii|
|1982||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Jahaan Pe Savera" from film Baseraa||Won by Anand Bakshi for "Tere Mere Beech Mein" from film Ek Duuje Ke Liye|
|1984||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Tujhse Naraaz Nahin Zindagi" from film Masoom|
|1988||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Lyricist||"Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat|
|1989||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat |
|1990||Filmfare Awards||Best Documentary||Won||Director||Ustad Amjad Ali Khan|
|1991||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Lyricist||"Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin...|
|1992||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin...|
|1994||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dil Hum Hum" from film Rudaali||Won by Sameer for "Ghungat Ke Aad Se" from Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke|
|1996||National Film Awards||Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment||Won||Director||Maachis|
|1996||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Maachis|
|1996||Filmfare Awards||Best Story||Won||Story writer||Maachis|
|1997||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Maachis||Won by Shekhar Kapoor for Bandit Queen|
|1997||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Chappa Chappa Charkha Chale" from film Maachis||Won by Javed Akhtar for "Ghar Se Nikalte" from Papa Kehte Hai|
|1999||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se..|
|1999||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Ae Ajnabi" from film Dil Se..||Won by himself for "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se..|
|2001||Indian Institute of Adv. Studies||Lifetime Honorary Fellowship||Won||–||--|
|2001||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Aaja Mahiya" from film Fiza||Won by Javed Akhtar for "Panchchi Nadiyaan" from Refugee|
|2002||Sahitya Akademi Award||Won||Writer||"Dhuan" ("Smoke"); short stories in Urdu|
|2002||Filmfare Awards||Lifetime Achievement Award||Won||–|||
|2002||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Saathiya|
|2003||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Saathiya" from film Saathiya|
|2004||Padma Bhushan||Won||–||--||India's third highest civilian award|
|2004||Sahir Award||Literary Award||Won||–||--||presented by Adeeb International (Sahir Cultural Academy)|
|2006||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli|
|2006||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Chup Chup Ke" from film Bunty Aur Babli||Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli|
|2006||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dheere Jalna" from film Paheli||Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli|
|2007||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Beedi" from film Omkara||Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Chand Sifarish" from Fanaa|
|2008||Academy Awards||Best Original Song||Won||Lyricist||"Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire||Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman|
|2008||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Tere Bina" from film Guru||Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Maa" from Taare Zameen Par|
|2009||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Tu Meri Dost Hai" from film Yuvvraaj||Won by Javed Akhtar for "Jashn-E-Bahara" from Jodhaa Akbar|
|2010||Grammy Awards||Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media||Won||Lyricist||"Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire||Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman and Playback Singer Tanvi Shah|
|2010||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dhan Te Nan" from film Kaminey||Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal|
|2010||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Kaminey" from film Kaminey||Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal|
|2011||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Dil To Bachcha Hain Ji" from film Ishqiya|
|2013||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Challa" from film Jab Tak Hai Jaan|
|2013||Dadasaheb Phalke Award||N/A||Won||Poet, Lyricist and Film director||N/A||Highest award in Indian cinema|
|2013||Ek Thi Daayan||Yes|
|2013||Matru Ki Bijlee Ka Mandola||Yes|
|2012||Kya Dilli Kya Lahore||Yes|
|2012||Happi / SRK (Hindi dubbed version)||Yes|
|2012||Do Paise Ki Dhoop, Chaar Aane Ki Baarish||Yes|
|2012||Jab Tak Hai Jaan||Yes|
|2011||Chala Mussaddi... Office Office||Yes|
|2011||Teen Thay Bhai||Yes|
|2011||Noukadubi / Kashmakash (Hindi dubbed version)||Yes|
|2011||7 Khoon Maaf||Yes|
|2010||Striker||Yes||Lyricist for song "Yun Hua"|
|2010||Raajneeti||Yes||Lyricist for song "Dhan Dhan Dharti"|
|2007||Jhoom Barabar Jhoom||Yes|
|2007||The Blue Umbrella||Yes|
|2007||Dus Kahaniyaan||Yes||Story Pooranmashi written by Gulzar|
|2005||Bunty Aur Babli||Yes|
|2002||Dil Vil Pyar Vyar||Yes|
|1999||Hu Tu Tu||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1999||Jahan Tum Le Chalo||Yes|
|1999||Rockford||Yes||Lyricist for song "Aasmanke Paar Shayad"|
|1997||Aastha: In the Prison of Spring||Yes|
|1986||New Delhi Times||Yes|
|1977||Palkon Ki Chhaon Mein||Yes||Yes|
|Do Dooni Chaar||Yes|
|Biwi Aur Makaan||Yes|
|1963||Bandini||Yes||Lyricist for "Mora Gora Aang"|
|1989||The Jungle Book||Yes||Title track of the anime series|
|1987||Dil Padosi Hai||Yes||Music album with Asha Bhosle and Rahul Dev Burman|
|Sunset Point||Yes||Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj, Bhupinder and K. S. Chithra|
|Vadaa||Yes||Music album with Amjad Ali Khan, Sadhana Sargam & Roop Kumar Rathod|
|Ishqa Ishqa||Yes||Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj|
|Main Aur Mera Saaya||Yes||Music album with Bhupen Hazarika|
|Udaas Pani||Yes||Music album with Abhishek Ray|
|Visaal||Yes||Music album with Ghulam Ali|
|Koi Baat Chale||Yes||Music album with Jagjit Singh; songs written in Triveni|
|Marasim||Yes||Music album with Jagjit Singh|
|Raat Chand Aur Main||Yes||Music album with Abhishek Ray|
|Amrita Pritam||Yes||Recited in tribute to Amrita Pritam|
|Kabir By Abida Parween||Yes||Recited|
|Boodhe Pahadon Par||Yes||Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj|
|Barse Barse||Yes||Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj; Lyricist for songs "Aisa To Hota" and "Zindagi Sehle".|
- Dhuan. Sahitya Akademi Publications. 2001. ISBN 8126019360.
- My Favourite Stories : Boskys Panchatantra. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129121182.
- Half a Rupee Stories. Penguin. 2013. ISBN 9780143068792.
- Meelo Se Din. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129120011.
- Selected Poems. Penguin. 2012. ISBN 0143418211.
- Kharashein. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2003. ISBN 9788171198498.
- Pukhraj. Rupa & Co. 2005. ISBN 8171672264.
- Raavi Paar. Rupa & Co. 1999. ISBN 8171673899.
- Raat Pashmine Ki. Rupa & Co. 2002. ISBN 8129102242.
- Mirza Ghalib A Biographical Scenatio. Rupa & Co. 2011. ISBN 8129117177.
- Autumn Moon. Rupa & Co. 2006. ISBN 8129109778.
- Magical Wishes: The Adventures Of Goopy & Bagha. Scholastic. 2010. ISBN 8184778449.
- Kuchh Aur Nazmein. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2008. ISBN 8171198929.
- Meera. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2004. ISBN 8171198813.
- Rangeela Geedhad. Karadi Tales. 2000. ISBN 8186838422.
- Parwaaz. Karadi Tales. 2004. ISBN 8181900413.
- Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2012). In the Company of a Poet: Gulzar in Conversation with Nasreen Munni Kabir. Rainlight Rupa. ISBN 978-81-291-2083-0.
- Chatterjee, Saibal (2007). Echoes and Eloquences: The Life and Cinema of Gulzar. Rupa & Co. ISBN 978-81-291-1235-4.
- Gulzar, Meghna (2004). Because He Is... Rupa & Co. ISBN 81-291-0364-8.
- Amar Chandel (4 January 2004). "The poet as the father". The Tribune. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- "Gulzar to get Dadasaheb Phalke award". Indiatoday.in (India Today Group). 2014-04-12. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
- "Gulzar selected for Dadasaheb Phalke Award". The Indian Express. 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-14.
- Meghna Gulzar (2004). Because he is. Rupa & Co. p. 24.
- "A life in music". The Tribune. 15 March 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "Gulzar: Man Of many seasons". The Times of India. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- Ghosh, Avijit (2014-04-12). "Director-lyricist Gulzar to get Dadasaheb Phalke award". The Times of India. Retrieved 2014-04-14.
- "Gulzar: Pancham was an anchor in my life". Screen/Indian Express. 26 June 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- "Box Office 1971". Box Office India. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee, ed. (2003). "Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema". Encyclopaedia Britannica (India) (Popular Prakashan). ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5.
- "20th National Awards for excellence in Motion Pictures Arts & Science (1972)" (PDF). dff.nic.in. Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 41. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
- "Inspired by Nanavati". HindistanTimes.com. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- V. Gangadhar (20 July 2001). "Where is reality?". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- 23rd National Film Awards
- "'Rice Plate' brings together Naseer, Shabana". 12 May 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "The power game". Rediff.com. 21 January 1999. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "Gulzar Profile: Upperstall". Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "Aman ki Asha". The Times of India. 6 January 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "Brushes, bruises and splashes of life". The Hindu. November 3, 2006. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Behind the Scenes: Karadi Tales". Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "Lyricist-writer Gulzar appointed chancellor of Assam University". India Today (Mumbai). IAN. April 30, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Women directors scale Bollywood". BBC News. 21 February 2002.
- "On the Shelf". The Indian Express. 11 January 2004.
- "Best Lyricist (Popular)". http://filmfareawards.indiatimes.com. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Awards & Honours". www gulzar.info. 2006. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Template:Cite neww
- "Gulzar to get Indira Gandhi award for national integration". The Times of India. 30 September 2012.
- Joshua, Anita (12 April 2014). "Gulzar to receive Dadasaheb Phalke Award". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
- "Lyricist Gulzar to receive Dadasaheb Phalke award". Business Standard. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
- "National Film Festival". Directorate of Film Festival, Govt. of India. 1997. p. 11. Retrieved 17 April, 2014.
- "36th National Film Festival". Directorate of Film Festival, Govt. of India. Retrieved 17 April, 2014.
- Ustad Amjad Ali Khan at the Internet Movie Database
- "Gulzar, Sirpi among Sahitya Akademi Award winners". The Hindu. 21 December 2002. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
- "Best Lyricist (Popular)". http://filmfareawards.indiatimes.com. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- Bharati Dubey, Meena Iyer (Jan 30, 2011). "Filmfare Awards: When stars strut". The Times of India. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Barfi, Kahaani emerge winners at Filmfare awards". India Today. PTI. January 21, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- Shekhar, Sunjoy. "Half a Rupee Stories – Buy Half a Rupee Stories by Gulzar".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gulzar (poet).|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Gulzar|
- Website dedicated to Gulzar
- » Read him at Shabdankan
- Website dedicated to Gulzar
- Gulzar at Kavita Kosh (Hindi)
- Gulzar at the Internet Movie Database