Gulzar at the launch of Jagjit singh's album Tera Bayaan Ghalib
|Born||Sampooran Singh Kalra
18 August 1934
Dina, Jhelum District, Punjab, British India
(now in Pakistan)
|Occupation||Film director, Lyricist, Screenwriter, Film producer, Poet|
1971–1999 (as Director)1956–present (as lyricist)
|Parents||Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur|
Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1934), known popularly by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist and Movie director. He primarily writes in Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) and Punjabi; besides several dialects of Hindi such as Braj Bhasha, Khariboli, Haryanvi and Marwari.
Gulzar was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2004 for his contribution to the arts and the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2002. He has won a number of National Film Awards and 20 Filmfare Awards. At the 81st Academy Awards, he won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" (shared with A.R.Rahman), for the film Slumdog Millionaire. On 31 January 2010, the same song won him a Grammy Award in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.
Gulzar's poetry is partly published in three compilations: Chand Pukhraaj Ka, Raat Pashminey Ki and Pandrah Paanch Pachattar (15-05-75). His short stories are published in Raavi-paar (also known as Dustkhat in Pakistan) and Dhuan (smoke).
As a lyricist, Gulzar is best known for his association with the music directors Rahul Dev Burman, A. R. Rahman and Vishal Bhardwaj. He has also worked with other leading Bollywood music directors including Sachin Dev Burman, Salil Chowdhury, Shankar Jaikishan, Hemant Kumar, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, Madan Mohan, Rajesh Roshan, Anu Malik, and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy. Along with lyrics, he has also contributed in many films as script, story and dialogue writer. Films directed by him have also won numerous awards and have been critically acclaimed. He also had worked on small screen by creating series Mirza Ghalib and Tahreer Munshi Premchand ki among others. He wrote lyrics for several Doordarshan serials including Hello Zindagi, Potli Baba ki and Jungle Book.
Gulzar was born in a Kalra Arora Sikh family, to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur, in Dina, Jhelum District, British India, in what is now Pakistan. Before becoming an established writer, Sampooran worked in Mumbai as a car mechanic in a garage. His father rebuked him from becoming a writer saying "As a writer you will have to depend on your brothers". He took the pen name Gulzar Deenvi after becoming an author.
Gulzar started his film career as a lyricist. This was followed by writing dialogues and screen plays. Later on he also directed many critically acclaimed Hindi Films.
Film song Lyricist
Gulzar is best known in India as a lyricist for songs that form an integral part of Bollywoodmovies. He began his career under the film directors Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. His book Ravi Paar has a narrative of Bimal Roy and the agony of creation. Gulzar started his career as a songwriter with the music director Sachin Dev Burman for the movie Bandini (1963). Shailendra who has penned rest of the songs of the movie urged Gulzar to write the song "Mora Gora Ang Layle". This was picturised on Nutan.
Gulzar also has had award-winning associations with the music directors Salil Chowdhury (Anand, Mere Apne), Madan Mohan (Mausam) and more recently with Vishal Bhardwaj (Maachis, Omkara, Kaminey), A. R. Rahman (Dil Se.., Guru, Slumdog Millionaire, Raavan) and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy (Bunty aur Babli).
After writing dialogues and screenplay for films like Aashirwad, Anand, Khamoshi and more, Gulzar directed his first film Mere Apne(1971). The film was a remake of Tapan Sinha's Bengali film Apanjan(1969). Meena Kumari played the lead role of Anandi Devi, an old widow caught in between the local fights of unemployed & tormented youngsters. Anandi Devi's death in one of the fights makes them realise the futility of violence. The film was rated "Above Average" at the Box Office. He then directed Parichay and Koshish. Parichay was based on a Bengali novel, Rangeen Uttarain by Raj Kumar Maitra and inspired from the Hollywood film The Sound of Music. Written by Gulzar, Koshish told a story full of struggle of a deaf-dumb couple. Sanjeev Kumar won National Film Award for Best Actor for his performance in it. Year 1973 saw his another directorial venture named Achanak. Inspired by the real-life sensational 1958 murder case KM Nanavati v State of Maharashtra, the story writer K.A. Abbas earned a Filmfare nomination for Best Story.
Gulzar's Aandhi, based on the Hindi novel "Kaali Aandhi" by Kamleshwar, told a story of a couple separated against the backdrop of politics. Along with various wins and nominations, the film also won Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie. Although believed to be based on the life of Ex-Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, the film was based on life of Tarkeshwari Sinha. However in the 1975's emergency, the film was banned from theatres. Inspired from Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay's Pandit Mashay was his next film Khushboo. Mausam that won National Award for 2nd Best Feature Film, Filmfare Best Movie and Filmfare Best Director awards, along with other six Filmfare nominations was loosely based on the story "Weather", from the novel, The Judas Tree, by A.J. Cronin. Sharmila Tagore for her roles of Chanda and Kajli received The Silver Lotus Award at the 23rd National Film Festival. In his 1982's film Angoor, Gulzar took the story of Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors.
None of the Gulzar's film were "Blockbuster Hits" on the Indian Box Office. His films told stories of human relationships entangled in social issues. Libaas was a story of extra-marital affair of an urban couple. Due to its objectionable subject the film never got released in India. Mausam pictured a story of a father who tries to improve the life of his prostitute-daughter. In Maachis, a young Punjabi boy pick up to terrorism to fight the situations only to realise its temporary nature. Hu Tu Tu dealt with corruption in India and how a man decides to fight it.
Gulzar uses "flashback" in the narration of his stories very effectively (Aandhi, Mausam, Ijaazat, Machis, Hu Tu Tu). He also has mutual partnerships with various actors and other crew. The Gulzar – Sanjeev Kumar partnership resulted in few fine films (Koshish, Aandhi, Mausam, Angoor, Namkeen) which represent Sanjeev Kumar's finest work as an actor. Actors like Jeetendra (Parichay, Khushboo, Kinara), Vinod Khanna (Achanak, Meera, Lekin) and Hema Malini (Khushboo, Kinara, Meera) worked with Gulzar to gain respectability as artists and delivered some of their best and most introspective work in films. With his situational lyrics and quality music composed by various famous Bollywood musicians in Gulzar's films, his songs have always been the key point. R D Burman composed songs for almost all the movies directed by him in the 1970s and the 1980s (Parichay, Khushboo, Aandhi, Angoor, Ijaazat, Libaas). Many of their popular songs were sung by Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle. These include "Musafir Hoon Yaron" (Parichay), "Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi" (Aandhi), and "Mera Kuch Samaan" (Ijaazat). Gulzar says,
"Music has a natural place in our lives. Right from the shloka you recite in your morning puja and the milkman who comes whistling on his cycle, to the fakir singing as he begs for alms and your mother humming around the kitchen...Music fills our spaces naturally. It will always be dear to us."
Other Artistic Contributions
Gulzar was a song writer or dialogue writer for several Doordarshan programmes for kids such as Jungle Book, Alice in Wonderland, Guchche and Potli Baba Ki with Vishal Bhardwaj. He has more recently written and narrated for the children's audiobook series Karadi Tales. For the peace campaign (Aman ki Asha) jointly started by India's and Pakistan's leading media houses, he wrote the anthem "Nazar Main Rehte Ho", which was recorded by Shankar Mahadevan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.
Gulzar has written ghazals for Ghazal Maestro Jagjit Singh's albumbs "Marasim" and "Koi Baat Chale". Both these albums were a great success.
Although an Urdu writer, Gulzar's directorial venture shows inspiration from various Bengali writers. In 1988, he directed an eponymous television serial Mirza Ghalib starring Naseeruddin Shah, shown on Indian television channel Doordarshan. About the serial he says,
"...My TV serial on poet 'Ghalib' was based on history, though the earlier movie version treated him as a myth."
"... ज़मीं भी उसकी,ज़मी की नेमतें उसकी,
ये सब उसी का है,घर भी,ये घर के बंदे भी,खुदा से कहिये,कभी वो भी अपने घर आयें!"
"...मां ने जिस चांद सी दुल्हन की दुआ दी थी मुझे,
आज की रात वह फ़ुटपाथ से देखा मैंने,रात भर रोटी नज़र आया है वो चांद मुझे!"
Gulzar is married to actress Raakhee. The couple have a daughter, Meghna Gulzar (Bosky); when their daughter was only one year old, they separated but never divorced. Meghna Gulzar grew up with her father and, after completing her graduation in films from New York University, went on to become a director of films like Filhaal, Just Married and Dus Kahaniyaan, and authored the biography of her father Gulzar, in 2004.
Awards and nominations
Gulzar holds the record of winning most number of Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist (11 in total) as well as Filmfare Award for Best Dialogue (4 in total). He was also awarded the 2012 Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration. In April 2013, he was appointed as the chancellor of the Assam University.
|1972||National Film Awards||Best Screenplay||Won||Screenplay writer||Koshish|
|1972||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Anand|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Namak Haraam|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Koshish||Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Achanak||Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Story||Nominated||Story writer||Koshish||Won by Salim-Javed for film Zanjeer|
|1975||National Film Awards||Second Best Feature Film||Won||Director||Mausam|
|1975||Filmfare Awards||Critics Award for Best Movie||Won||Director||Aandhi|
|1976||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Won||Director||Mausam|
|1976||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Aandhi||Won by Yash Chopra for Deewar|
|1976||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Tere Bina Zindagi Se" from film Aandhi||Won by Indeevar for "Dil Aisa Kisi" from film Amanush|
|1977||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dil Dhoondta Hai" from film Mausam||Won by Sahir Ludhianvi for "Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein" from film Kabhi Kabhie|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Do Deewaane Shehar Mein" from film Gharaonda|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Naam Gum Jaayega" from film Kinara||Won by himself for "Do Deewaane Sheher Mein" from film Gharaonda|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Kinara||Won by Basu Chatterjee for Swami|
|1980||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Aanewala Pal Jaane Wala Hain" from film Gol Maal|
|1981||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Hazaar Raahen Mud Ke Dekhi" from film Thodisi Bewafaii|
|1982||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Jahaan Pe Savera" from film Baseraa||Won by Anand Bakshi for "Tere Mere Beech Mein" from film Ek Duuje Ke Liye|
|1984||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Tujhse Naraaz Nahin Zindagi" from film Masoom|
|1988||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Lyricist||"Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat|
|1989||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat|
|1990||Filmfare Awards||Best Documentary||Won||Director||Ustad Amjad Ali Khan|
|1991||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Lyricist||"Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin...|
|1992||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin...|
|1994||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dil Hum Hum" from film Rudaali||Won by Sameer for "Ghungat Ke Aad Se" from Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke|
|1996||National Film Awards||Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment||Won||Director||Maachis|
|1996||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Maachis|
|1996||Filmfare Awards||Best Story||Won||Story writer||Maachis|
|1997||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Maachis||Won by Shekhar Kapoor for Bandit Queen|
|1997||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Chappa Chappa Charkha Chale" from film Maachis||Won by Javed Akhtar for "Ghar Se Nikalte" from Papa Kehte Hai|
|1999||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se..|
|1999||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Ae Ajnabi" from film Dil Se..||Won by himself for "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se..|
|2001||Indian Institute of Adv. Studies||Lifetime Honorary Fellowship||Won||–||--|
|2001||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Aaja Mahiya" from film Fiza||Won by Javed Akhtar for "Panchchi Nadiyaan" from Refugee|
|2002||Sahitya Akademi Award||Won||Writer||"Dhuan" ("Smoke"); short stories in Urdu|
|2002||Filmfare Awards||Lifetime Achievement Award||Won||–||--|
|2002||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Saathiya|
|2003||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Saathiya" from film Saathiya|
|2004||Padma Bhushan||Won||–||--||India's third highest civilian award|
|2004||Sahir Award||Literary Award||Won||–||--||presented by Adeeb International (Sahir Cultural Academy)|
|2006||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli|
|2006||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Chup Chup Ke" from film Bunty Aur Babli||Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli|
|2006||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dheere Jalna" from film Paheli||Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli|
|2007||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Beedi" from film Omkara||Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Chand Sifarish" from Fanaa|
|2008||Academy Awards||Best Original Song||Won||Lyricist||"Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire||Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman|
|2008||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Tere Bina" from film Guru||Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Maa" from Taare Zameen Par|
|2009||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Tu Meri Dost Hai" from film Yuvvraaj||Won by Javed Akhtar for "Jashn-E-Bahara" from Jodhaa Akbar|
|2010||Grammy Awards||Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media||Won||Lyricist||"Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire||Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman and Playback Singer Tanvi Shah|
|2010||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dhan Te Nan" from film Kaminey||Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal|
|2010||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Kaminey" from film Kaminey||Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal|
|2011||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Dil To Bachcha Hain Ji" from film Ishqiya|
|2013||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Challa" from film Jab Tak Hai Jaan|
|2013||Ek Thi Daayan||Yes|
|2013||Matru Ki Bijlee Ka Mandola||Yes|
|2012||Kya Dilli Kya Lahore||Yes|
|2012||Happi / SRK (Hindi dubbed version)||Yes|
|2012||Do Paise Ki Dhoop, Chaar Aane Ki Baarish||Yes|
|2012||Jab Tak Hai Jaan||Yes|
|2011||Chala Mussaddi... Office Office||Yes|
|2011||Teen Thay Bhai||Yes|
|2011||Noukadubi / Kashmakash (Hindi dubbed version)||Yes|
|2011||7 Khoon Maaf||Yes|
|2010||Striker||Yes||Lyricist for song "Yun Hua"|
|2010||Raajneeti||Yes||Lyricist for song "Dhan Dhan Dharti"|
|2007||Jhoom Barabar Jhoom||Yes|
|2007||The Blue Umbrella||Yes|
|2007||Dus Kahaniyaan||Yes||Story Pooranmashi written by Gulzar|
|2005||Bunty Aur Babli||Yes|
|2002||Dil Vil Pyar Vyar||Yes|
|1999||Hu Tu Tu||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1999||Jahan Tum Le Chalo||Yes|
|1999||Rockford||Yes||Lyricist for song "Aasmanke Paar Shayad"|
|1997||Aastha: In the Prison of Spring||Yes|
|1986||New Delhi Times||Yes|
|1977||Palkon Ki Chhaon Mein||Yes||Yes|
|Do Dooni Chaar||Yes|
|Biwi Aur Makaan||Yes|
|1963||Bandini||Yes||Lyricist for "Mora Gora Aang"|
|1989||The Jungle Book||Yes||Title track of the anime series|
|1987||Dil Padosi Hai||Yes||Music album with Asha Bhosle and Rahul Dev Burman|
|Sunset Point||Yes||Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj, Bhupinder and K. S. Chithra|
|Vadaa||Yes||Music album with Amjad Ali Khan, Sadhana Sargam & Roop Kumar Rathod|
|Ishqa Ishqa||Yes||Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj|
|Main Aur Mera Saaya||Yes||Music album with Bhupen Hazarika|
|Udaas Pani||Yes||Music album with Abhishek Ray|
|Visaal||Yes||Music album with Ghulam Ali|
|Koi Baat Chale||Yes||Music album with Jagjit Singh; songs written in Triveni|
|Marasim||Yes||Music album with Jagjit Singh|
|Raat Chand Aur Main||Yes||Music album with Abhishek Ray|
|Amrita Pritam||Yes||Recited in tribute to Amrita Pritam|
|Kabir By Abida Parween||Yes||Recited|
|Boodhe Pahadon Par||Yes||Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj|
|Barse Barse||Yes||Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj; Lyricist for songs "Aisa To Hota" and "Zindagi Sehle".|
- Dhuan. Sahitya Akademi Publications. 2001. ISBN 8126019360..
- My Favourite Stories : Boskys Panchatantra. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129121182..
- Half a Rupee Stories. Penguin. 2013. ISBN 9780143068792..
- Meelo Se Din. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129120011..
- Selected Poems. Penguin. 2012. ISBN 0143418211..
- Kharashein. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2003. ISBN 9788171198498..
- Pukhraj. Rupa & Co. 2005. ISBN 8171672264..
- Raavi Paar. Rupa & Co. 1999. ISBN 8171673899..
- Raat Pashmine Ki. Rupa & Co. 2002. ISBN 8129102242..
- Mirza Ghalib A Biographical Scenatio. Rupa & Co. 2011. ISBN 8129117177..
- Autumn Moon. Rupa & Co. 2006. ISBN 8129109778..
- Magical Wishes: The Adventures Of Goopy & Bagha. Scholastic. 2010. ISBN 8184778449..
- Kuchh Aur Nazmein. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2008. ISBN 8171198929..
- Meera. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2004. ISBN 8171198813..
- Rangeela Geedhad. Karadi Tales. 2000. ISBN 8186838422..
- Parwaaz. Karadi Tales. 2004. ISBN 8181900413..
- Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2012). In the Company of a Poet: Gulzar in Conversation with Nasreen Munni Kabir. Rainlight Rupa. ISBN 978-81-291-2083-0.
- Chatterjee, Saibal (2007). Echoes and Eloquences: The Life and Cinema of Gulzar. Rupa & Co. ISBN 978-81-291-1235-4..
- Gulzar, Meghna (2004). Because He Is... Rupa & Co. ISBN 81-291-0364-8..
- Amar Chandel (4 January 2004). "The poet as the father". The Tribune. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- Meghna Gulzar (2004). Because he is. Rupa & Co. p. 24.
- "A life in music". The Tribune. 15 March 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "Gulzar: Man Of many seasons". The Times of India. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 14/August/2011.
- "Gulzar: Pancham was an anchor in my life". Screen/Indian Express. 26 June 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- "Box Office 1971". Box Office India. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee, ed. (2003). "Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema". Encyclopaedia Britannica (India) (Popular Prakashan). ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5.
- "20th National Awards for excellence in Motion Pictures Arts & Science (1972)" (PDF). dff.nic.in. Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 41. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
- "Inspired by Nanavati". HindistanTimes.com. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- V. Gangadhar (20 July 2001). "Where is reality?". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- 23rd National Film Awards
- "'Rice Plate' brings together Naseer, Shabana". 12 May 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "The power game". Rediff.com. 21 January 1999. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "Gulzar Profile: Upperstall". Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "Behind the Scenes: Karadi Tales". Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "Aman ki Asha". The Times of India. 6 January 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "Women directors scale Bollywood". BBC News. 21 February 2002.
- "On the Shelf". The Indian Express. 11 January 2004.
- "Gulzar to get Indira Gandhi award for national integration". The Times of India. 30 September 2012.
- Ustad Amjad Ali Khan at the Internet Movie Database
- "Gulzar, Sirpi among Sahitya Akademi Award winners". The Hindu. 21 December 2002. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
- Shekhar, Sunjoy. "Half a Rupee Stories – Buy Half a Rupee Stories by Gulzar".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gulzar (poet).|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Gulzar|
- Website dedicated to Gulzar
- » Read him at Shabdankan
- Another website dedicated to Gulzar
- Gulzar at Kavita Kosh (Hindi)
- Gulzar at the Internet Movie Database