Gulzar

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Gulzar
Gulzar at Tera Bayaan Ghalib.jpg
Gulzar at the launch of Jagjit singh's album Tera Bayaan Ghalib
Born Sampooran Singh Kalra
(1936-08-18) 18 August 1936 (age 78)
Dina, Jhelum District, Punjab, British India
(now in Pakistan)
Nationality Indian
Ethnicity Punjabi
Occupation Film Director , Lyricist , Screenwriter , Producer , Poet , Author
Years active

1971–99 (as director) (Retired)

1956–present (as lyricist)
Spouse(s) Raakhee
Children Meghna Gulzar
Parents Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur
Signature Gulzar signature

Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1934), known popularly by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist and film director.[1] Born in Jhelum District in British India, his family moved to India after partition. He started his career as a lyricist in the 1963 film Bandini and worked with many music directors including R. D. Burman, Salil Choudhury, Vishal Bhardwaj and A. R. Rahman. He directed films such as Aandhi and Mausam and TV series during 1970s and 1980s.

Gulzar also wrote poetry, dialogues and scripts. He was awarded Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award in India, the Sahitya Akademi Award and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award — the highest award in Indian cinema. He has won several Indian National Film Awards, Filmfare Awards, one Academy Award and one Grammy Award.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

Gulzar was born in a Kalra Arora Sikh family, to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur, in Dina, Jhelum District, British India (now in Pakistan). Before becoming a writer, Sampooran worked in Mumbai as a car mechanic in a garage. His father rebuked him for being writer initially. He took the pen name Gulzar Deenvi and later simply Gulzar.[1][4][5]

Career[edit]

Lyrics[edit]

Gulzar began his career under the film directors Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. His book Ravi Paar has a narrative of Bimal Roy and the agony of creation. He started his career as a songwriter with the music director Sachin Dev Burman for the movie Bandini (1963).[6] Shailendra who has penned rest of the songs of the movie requested Gulzar to write the song "Mora Gora Ang Layle", sung by Lata Mangeshkar.[2][3][7]

Directed and produced by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, the 1968 film Aashirwad had dialogues and lyrics written by Gulzar. The soundtrack of the film notably includes the rap song "Rail Gaadi" sung by actor Ashok Kumar. Song lyrics and poems written by Gulzar gave the poetic attribute and the "much-needed additional dimension"[8] to Kumar's role in the film. Kumar bagged the Best Actor at the Filmfare and at the National Film Awards for this role.[8] Gulzar's lyrics however did not gain much attention until the 1969's Khamoshi, where his song "Humne Dekhi Hai Un Aankhon Ki Mehekti Khushboo" became popular. Ganesh Anantharaman in his book Bollywood Melodies describes Gulzar's words to be daringly defiant than the faux paus of "Dekhi Hai Khushboo".[9][Note I] For the 1971 film Guddi, he penned two songs of which "Humko Man Ki Shakti Dena" was a prayer which is still sung in many schools in India.[10]

As a lyricist, Gulzar had close association with the music director Rahul Dev Burman. He has also worked with Sachin Dev Burman, Shankar Jaikishan, Hemant Kumar, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, Madan Mohan, Rajesh Roshan, and Anu Malik.[2][3][7][11] Gulzar worked with Salil Chowdhury (Anand (1971), Mere Apne (1971)), Madan Mohan (Mausam (1975)) and more recently with Vishal Bhardwaj (Maachis (1996), Omkara (2006), Kaminey (2009)), A. R. Rahman (Dil Se.. (1998), Guru (2007), Slumdog Millionaire (2008), Raavan (2010)) and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy (Bunty Aur Babli (2005)).[2][3][7] Gulzar took inspiration from Amir Khusrow's "Ay Sarbathe Aashiqui" to pen "Ay Hairathe Aashiqui" for Mani Ratnam's 2007 Hindi film Guru which had music composed by A. R. Rahman.[12] Another Ratnam-Rahman hit, "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from Dil Se.. also had lyrics written by Gulzar, based on the Sufi folk song "Thaiyya Thaiyya" with lyrics by poet Bulleh Shah.[13] For another collaboration with Rahman for Danny Boyle's 2007 Hollywood film Slumdog Millionaire, Rahman and Gulzar won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" at the 81st Academy Awards. The song received international acclaim and won him a Grammy Award (shared with Rahman) in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.[2][3][14][15]

Direction[edit]

After writing dialogues and screenplay for films like Aashirwad, Anand, Khamoshi, Gulzar directed his first film Mere Apne (1971). The film was a remake of Tapan Sinha's Bengali film Apanjan (1969).[7][16] He then directed Parichay and Koshish. Parichay was based on a Bengali novel, Rangeen Uttarain by Raj Kumar Maitra.[17] He wrote story of Koshish based on the struggle faced by deaf-dumb couple.[18] In 1973, he directed Achanak inspired by the 1958 murder case KM Nanavati v State of Maharashtra.[7][19] Later he directed Aandhi, based on the Hindi novel "Kaali Aandhi" by Kamleshwar.[7][17][20] His next film Khushboo was based on Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay's Pandit Mashay. His Mausam which won National Award for 2nd Best Feature Film,[21] Filmfare Best Movie and Filmfare Best Director awards, along with other six Filmfare nominations, was loosely based on the story "Weather", from the novel, The Judas Tree, by A.J. Cronin. His 1982's film Angoor was based on Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors.[3][7]

In 1988, Gulzar directed an eponymous television serial Mirza Ghalib starring Naseeruddin Shah and broadcast on Doordarshan. Later he also directed Tahreer Munshi Premchand Ki.[3]

None of the Gulzar's film were very commercially successful. His films told stories of human relationships entangled in social issues. Libaas was a story of extra-marital affair of an urban couple. Due to its objectionable subject the film never got released in India.[22] Mausam pictured a story of a father who tries to improve the life of his prostitute-daughter. In Maachis, a young Punjabi boy engages in terrorism to fight a bad situation only to realise its temporary nature. Hu Tu Tu dealt with corruption in India and how a man decides to fight it.[3][7][23][24] Many of his popular songs were sung by Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle. These include "Musafir Hoon Yaron" (Parichay), "Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi" (Aandhi), and "Mera Kuch Samaan" (Ijaazat).[24]

Poetry[edit]

Gulzar primarily writes in Urdu and Punjabi; besides several dialects of Hindi such as Braj Bhasha, Khariboli, Haryanvi and Marwari. His poetry is in Triveni type of stanza.[3] His poems are published in three compilations: Chand Pukhraaj Ka, Raat Pashminey Ki and Pandrah Paanch Pachattar. His short stories are published in Raavi-paar (also known as Dustkhat in Pakistan) and Dhuan (smoke).[3]

For the peace campaign (Aman ki Asha) jointly started by India's and Pakistan's leading media houses, Gulzar wrote the anthem "Nazar Main Rehte Ho", which was recorded by Shankar Mahadevan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.[25] Gulzar has written ghazals for Jagjit Singh's albums "Marasim" and "Koi Baat Chale".[26]

Other contributions[edit]

Gulzar has written lyrics and dialogues for several Doordarshan TV series including Jungle Book, Alice in Wonderland, Hello Zindagi, Guchche and Potli Baba Ki with Vishal Bhardwaj. He has more recently written and narrated for the children's audiobook series Karadi Tales.[3][27]

Academic[edit]

In April 2013, Gulzar was appointed as the chancellor of the Assam University.[28]

Personal life[edit]

Gulzar is married to actress Raakhee. The couple have a daughter, Meghna Gulzar (Bosky); when their daughter was only one year old, they separated but never divorced. Meghna Gulzar grew up with her father and, after completing her graduation in films from New York University, went on to become a director of films like Filhaal, Just Married and Dus Kahaniyaan,[29] and authored the biography of her father Gulzar, in 2004.[30]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Gulzar was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2004 for his contribution to the arts and the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2002. He has won a number of National Film Awards and 20 Filmfare Awards.[31] At the 81st Academy Awards, he won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" (shared with A.R.Rahman), for the film Slumdog Millionaire. On 31 January 2010, the same song won him a Grammy Award in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.[2][3][14][15] Gulzar has won the most Filmfare Awards for Best Lyricist (11 in total) as well as four Filmfare Awards for Best Dialogue. He was also awarded the 2012 Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration.[32]

Gulzar received the 2013 Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest award of the Indian cinema, on 3 May 2014 at the 61st National Film Awards.[33][34][35]

Year Award Category Outcome Capacity Work Notes
1972 National Film Awards Best Screenplay Won Screenplay writer Koshish[36]
1972 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue Won Dialogue writer Anand[14]
1974 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue Won Dialogue writer Namak Haraam[14]
1974 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Koshish Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love
1974 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Achanak Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love
1974 Filmfare Awards Best Story Nominated Story writer Koshish Won by Salim-Javed for film Zanjeer
1975 National Film Awards Second Best Feature Film Won Director Mausam[36]
1975 Filmfare Awards Critics Award for Best Movie Won Director Aandhi[14]
1976 Filmfare Awards Best Director Won Director Mausam[14]
1976 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Aandhi Won by Yash Chopra for Deewar
1976 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Tere Bina Zindagi Se" from film Aandhi Won by Indeevar for "Dil Aisa Kisi" from film Amanush
1977 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Dil Dhoondta Hai" from film Mausam Won by Sahir Ludhianvi for "Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein" from film Kabhi Kabhie
1978 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Do Deewaane Shehar Mein" from film Gharaonda[31][14]
1978 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Naam Gum Jaayega" from film Kinara Won by himself for "Do Deewaane Sheher Mein" from film Gharaonda
1978 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Kinara Won by Basu Chatterjee for Swami
1980 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Aanewala Pal Jaane Wala Hain" from film Gol Maal[31]
1981 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Hazaar Raahen Mud Ke Dekhi" from film Thodisi Bewafaii[31][14]
1982 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Jahaan Pe Savera" from film Baseraa Won by Anand Bakshi for "Tere Mere Beech Mein" from film Ek Duuje Ke Liye
1984 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Tujhse Naraaz Nahin Zindagi" from film Masoom[31]
1988 National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Lyricist "Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat[36][37]
1989 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat [31]
1990 Filmfare Awards Best Documentary Won Director Ustad Amjad Ali Khan[14][38]
1991 National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Lyricist "Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin...[36]
1992 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin...[14]
1994 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Dil Hum Hum" from film Rudaali Won by Sameer for "Ghungat Ke Aad Se" from Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke
1996 National Film Awards Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment Won Director Maachis[36]
1996 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue Won Dialogue writer Maachis[14]
1996 Filmfare Awards Best Story Won Story writer Maachis[14]
1997 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Maachis Won by Shekhar Kapoor for Bandit Queen
1997 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Chappa Chappa Charkha Chale" from film Maachis Won by Javed Akhtar for "Ghar Se Nikalte" from Papa Kehte Hai
1999 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se..[31][14]
1999 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Ae Ajnabi" from film Dil Se.. Won by himself for "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se..
2001 Indian Institute of Adv. Studies Lifetime Honorary Fellowship Won  – --
2001 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Aaja Mahiya" from film Fiza Won by Javed Akhtar for "Panchchi Nadiyaan" from Refugee
2002 Sahitya Akademi Award Won Writer "Dhuan" ("Smoke"); short stories in Urdu[39]
2002 Filmfare Awards Lifetime Achievement Award Won  – [14]
2002 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue Won Dialogue writer Saathiya[14]
2003 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Saathiya" from film Saathiya[14]
2004 Padma Bhushan Won  – -- India's third highest civilian award
2004 Sahir Award Literary Award Won  – -- presented by Adeeb International (Sahir Cultural Academy)[40]
2006 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli[14][41]
2006 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Chup Chup Ke" from film Bunty Aur Babli Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli[41]
2006 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Dheere Jalna" from film Paheli[41] Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli
2007 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Beedi" from film Omkara Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Chand Sifarish" from Fanaa
2008 Academy Awards Best Original Song Won Lyricist "Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire[14][15] Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman
2008 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Tere Bina" from film Guru Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Maa" from Taare Zameen Par
2009 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Tu Meri Dost Hai" from film Yuvvraaj Won by Javed Akhtar for "Jashn-E-Bahara" from Jodhaa Akbar
2010 Grammy Awards Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media Won Lyricist "Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman and Playback Singer Tanvi Shah[15]
2010 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Dhan Te Nan" from film Kaminey Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal
2010 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Kaminey" from film Kaminey Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal
2011 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Dil To Bachcha Hain Ji" from film Ishqiya[42]
2013 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Challa" from film Jab Tak Hai Jaan[43]
2013 Dadasaheb Phalke Award N/A Won Poet, Lyricist and Film director N/A Highest award in Indian cinema[2][15]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Lyricist Dialogue Screenplay Story Director Producer Notes
Films
2014 Dedh Ishqiya Yes
2013 Shoebite Yes
2013 Ek Thi Daayan Yes
2013 Matru Ki Bijlee Ka Mandola Yes
2012 Kya Dilli Kya Lahore Yes
2012 Happi / SRK (Hindi dubbed version) Yes
2012 Do Paise Ki Dhoop, Chaar Aane Ki Baarish Yes
2012 Jab Tak Hai Jaan Yes
2011 Chala Mussaddi... Office Office Yes
2011 Teen Thay Bhai Yes
2011 Noukadubi / Kashmakash (Hindi dubbed version) Yes
2011 7 Khoon Maaf Yes
2010 Raavan Yes
2010 Striker Yes Lyricist for song "Yun Hua"
2010 Ishqiya Yes
2010 Veer Yes
2010 Raajneeti Yes Lyricist for song "Dhan Dhan Dharti"
2010 Dus Tola Yes
2009 Kaminey Yes
2009 Firaaq Yes
2009 Billu Yes
2008 Slumdog Millionaire Yes
2008 Yuvvraaj Yes
2007 Dum Kaata Yes
2007 No Smoking Yes
Shafaq Yes
2007 Just Married Yes
2007 Jhoom Barabar Jhoom Yes
2007 Guru Yes
2007 The Blue Umbrella Yes
2007 Dus Kahaniyaan Yes Story Pooranmashi written by Gulzar
2006 Jaan-E-Mann Yes
2006 Sabab* Yes
2006 Omkara Yes
2005 Yahaan Yes
2005 Paheli Yes
2005 Bunty Aur Babli Yes
2004 Raincoat Yes
2004 Chupke Se Yes
2004 Maqbool Yes
2003 Pinjar Yes
2002 Saathiya Yes Yes
2002 Makdee Yes
2002 Dil Vil Pyar Vyar Yes
2002 Lal Salam Yes
2002 Leela Yes
2002 Filhaal... Yes
2001 Asoka Yes
2001 Aks Yes
2000 Fiza Yes
2000 Zindagi Zindabad Yes
1999 Khubsoorat Yes
1999 Hu Tu Tu Yes Yes Yes Yes
1999 Jahan Tum Le Chalo Yes
1999 Rockford Yes Lyricist for song "Aasmanke Paar Shayad"
1998 Dil Se.. Yes
1998 Satya Yes
1998 Chachi 420 Yes Yes
1997 Aastha: In the Prison of Spring Yes
1997 Daayraa Yes
1996 Maachis Yes Yes Yes
1994 Mammo Yes
1993 Rudaali Yes
1993 Maya Memsaab Yes
1990 Lekin... Yes Yes Yes
1988 Libaas Yes Yes
1987 Ijaazat Yes Yes Yes Yes
1986 Ek Pal Yes Yes Yes
1986 New Delhi Times Yes
1986 Jeeva Yes
1985 Ghulami Yes
1985 Ek Akar Yes Yes
1984 Aika Yes Yes
1984 Suniye Yes Yes
1984 Sitam Yes
Tarang Yes
1983 Masoom Yes Yes
1983 Sadma Yes
1982 Angoor Yes Yes Yes Yes
1982 Namkeen Yes Yes Yes Yes
1981 Naram Garam Yes
1981 Baseraa Yes Yes Yes Yes
1981 Sannata Yes
1980 Sitara Yes
1980 Khubsoorat Yes
1980 Sahira Yes Yes
1980 Chatran Yes Yes
Swayamvara Yes
1979 Griha Pravesh Yes Yes Yes
1979 Gol Maal Yes
1979 Meera Yes Yes Yes Yes
1978 Thodisi Bewafaii Yes
Ratnadeep Yes
1978 Ghar Yes
1978 Devata Yes
1978 Khatta Meetha Yes
1977 Palkon Ki Chhaon Mein Yes Yes
1977 Gharaonda Yes
1977 Kinara Yes Yes Yes
1977 Kitaab Yes Yes Yes Yes
1976 Shaque Yes
1975 Aandhi Yes Yes Yes Yes
1975 Khushboo Yes Yes Yes
1975 Mausam Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
1975 Chupke Chupke Yes Yes
1975 Faraar Yes
1974 Doosri Sita Yes
1973 Namak Haraam Yes Yes
1972 Achanak Yes Yes Yes
1972 Parichay Yes Yes Yes
1972 Koshish Yes Yes Yes
1972 Bawarchi Yes
1971 Anubhav Yes
1971 Guddi Yes Yes Yes Yes
1971 Mere Apne Yes Yes Yes
1971 Seema Yes
1971 Anand Yes Yes Yes
1969 Khamoshi Yes Yes
Rahgir Yes
1968 Aashirwad Yes Yes
1968 Sunghursh Yes
Do Dooni Chaar Yes
Biwi Aur Makaan Yes
Purnima Yes
1963 Bandini Yes Lyricist for "Mora Gora Aang"
Prem Patra Yes
1957 Kabuliwala Yes
Shriman Satyawadi Yes
Swami Vivekananda Yes
Other works
1989 The Jungle Book Yes Title track of the anime series
1987 Dil Padosi Hai Yes Music album with Asha Bhosle and Rahul Dev Burman
Sunset Point Yes Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj, Bhupinder and K. S. Chithra
Vadaa Yes Music album with Amjad Ali Khan, Sadhana Sargam & Roop Kumar Rathod
Ishqa Ishqa Yes Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj
Main Aur Mera Saaya Yes Music album with Bhupen Hazarika
Udaas Pani Yes Music album with Abhishek Ray
Visaal Yes Music album with Ghulam Ali
Koi Baat Chale Yes Music album with Jagjit Singh; songs written in Triveni
Marasim Yes Music album with Jagjit Singh
Raat Chand Aur Main Yes Music album with Abhishek Ray
Amrita Pritam Yes Recited in tribute to Amrita Pritam
Kabir By Abida Parween Yes Recited
Boodhe Pahadon Par Yes Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj
Barse Barse Yes Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj; Lyricist for songs "Aisa To Hota" and "Zindagi Sehle".

Bibliography[edit]

Audiobooks[edit]

Biographies[edit]

  • Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2012). In the Company of a Poet: Gulzar in Conversation with Nasreen Munni Kabir. Rainlight Rupa. ISBN 978-81-291-2083-0. 
  • Chatterjee, Saibal (2007). Echoes and Eloquences: The Life and Cinema of Gulzar. Rupa & Co. ISBN 978-81-291-1235-4. 
  • Gulzar, Meghna (2004). Because He Is... Rupa & Co. ISBN 81-291-0364-8. 

Notes[edit]

^[Note I] Author Ganesh Anantharaman's book Bollywood Melodies is the winner of the Best Book on Cinema award at the 56th National Film Awards.[45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amar Chandel (4 January 2004). "The poet as the father". The Tribune. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Gulzar to get Dadasaheb Phalke award". Indiatoday.in (India Today Group). 12 April 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Gulzar selected for Dadasaheb Phalke Award". The Indian Express. 13 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Meghna Gulzar (2004). Because he is. Rupa & Co. p. 24. 
  5. ^ "A life in music". The Tribune. 15 March 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  6. ^ "Gulzar: Man Of many seasons". The Times of India. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Ghosh, Avijit (12 April 2014). "Director-lyricist Gulzar to get Dadasaheb Phalke award". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Dinesh Raheja (January 2003). "Aashirwad tugs at the heartstrings". Rediff.com. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  9. ^ Anantharaman, Ganesh (2008). Bollywood Melodies: A History of the Hindi Film Song. Penguin Books India. p. 122. ISBN 0143063405. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  10. ^ Gavankar, Nilu (2011). The Desai Trio and the Movie Industry of India. Author House. p. 76. ISBN 9781468599817. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  11. ^ "Gulzar: Pancham was an anchor in my life". Screen/Indian Express. 26 June 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  12. ^ "Rahman on how the music of Guru was born". The Telegraph. 22 December 2006. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Music, like religion, has a soul. If you get this right, you can have different arrangements". Indian Express. 7 September 2004. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Awards & Honours". www gulzar.info. 2006. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "Gulzar honoured with Dadasaheb Phalke Award". Deccan Chronicle. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  16. ^ "Box Office 1971". Box Office India. Retrieved 4 December 2011. 
  17. ^ a b Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee, ed. (2003). "Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema". Encyclopaedia Britannica (India) (Popular Prakashan). ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5. 
  18. ^ "20th National Awards for excellence in Motion Pictures Arts & Science (1972)" (PDF). dff.nic.in. Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 41. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 
  19. ^ "Inspired by Nanavati". HindistanTimes.com. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  20. ^ V. Gangadhar (20 July 2001). "Where is reality?". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  21. ^ 23rd National Film Awards
  22. ^ "'Rice Plate' brings together Naseer, Shabana". 12 May 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  23. ^ "The power game". Rediff.com. 21 January 1999. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  24. ^ a b "Gulzar Profile: Upperstall". Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  25. ^ "Aman ki Asha". The Times of India. 6 January 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2011. 
  26. ^ "Brushes, bruises and splashes of life". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 3 November 2006. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  27. ^ "Behind the Scenes: Karadi Tales". Retrieved 4 December 2011. 
  28. ^ "Lyricist-writer Gulzar appointed chancellor of Assam University". India Today (Mumbai). IAN. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  29. ^ "Women directors scale Bollywood". BBC News. 21 February 2002. 
  30. ^ "On the Shelf". The Indian Express. 11 January 2004. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g "Best Lyricist (Popular)". India Times. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  32. ^ "Gulzar to get Indira Gandhi award for national integration". The Times of India. 30 September 2012. 
  33. ^ "Gulzar receives Dadasaheb Phalke Award, overwhelmed". Zee News. 3 May 2014. 
  34. ^ Joshua, Anita (12 April 2014). "Gulzar to receive Dadasaheb Phalke Award". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  35. ^ "Lyricist Gulzar to receive Dadasaheb Phalke award". Business Standard. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  36. ^ a b c d e "National Film Festival". Directorate of Film Festival, Govt. of India. 1997. p. 11. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  37. ^ "36th National Film Festival". Directorate of Film Festival, Govt. of India. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  38. ^ Ustad Amjad Ali Khan at the Internet Movie Database
  39. ^ "Gulzar, Sirpi among Sahitya Akademi Award winners". The Hindu. 21 December 2002. Retrieved 23 February 2009. 
  40. ^ "Sahir Awards — India". Sahir Cultural Academy. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  41. ^ a b c "Best Lyricist (Popular)". http://filmfareawards.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  42. ^ Bharati Dubey, Meena Iyer (30 Jan 2011). "Filmfare Awards: When stars strut". The Times of India. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  43. ^ "Barfi, Kahaani emerge winners at Filmfare awards". India Today. PTI. 21 January 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  44. ^ Shekhar, Sunjoy. "Half a Rupee Stories – Buy Half a Rupee Stories by Gulzar". 
  45. ^ "130 awardees receive the 56th national film awards from President". Press Information Bureau (PIB), India. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 

External links[edit]