Gulzar at the launch of Jagjit singh's album Tera Bayaan Ghalib
|Born||Sampooran Singh Kalra
18 August 1936
Dina, Jhelum District, Punjab, British India
(now in Pakistan)
|Occupation||Film director, lyricist, screenwriter, film producer, poet|
1971–99 (as director)1956–present (as lyricist)
|Parents||Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur|
Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1936), known popularly by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist and film director. Born in Jhelum district in British India, his family moved to India after partition. He started his career as a lyricist in the 1963 film Bandini and worked with many music directors including R. D. Burman, Salil Choudhury, Vishal Bhardwaj and A. R. Rahman. He directed films such as Aandhi and Mausam and TV series during 1970s and 1980s.
Gulzar also wrote poetry, dialogues and scripts. He was awarded Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award in India, the Sahitya Akademi Award and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award — the highest award in Indian cinema. He has won several Indian National Film Awards, Filmfare Awards, one Academy Award and one Grammy Award.
Gulzar was born in a Kalra Arora Sikh family, to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur, in Dina, Jhelum District, British India (now in Pakistan). Before becoming a writer, Sampooran worked in Mumbai as a car mechanic in a garage. His father rebuked him for being writer initially. He took the pen name Gulzar Deenvi and later simply Gulzar.
Gulzar began his career under the film directors Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. His book Ravi Paar has a narrative of Bimal Roy and the agony of creation. He started his career as a songwriter with the music director Sachin Dev Burman for the movie Bandini (1963). Shailendra who has penned rest of the songs of the movie requested Gulzar to write the song "Mora Gora Ang Layle", sung by Lata Mangeshkar.
Directed and produced by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, the 1968 film Aashirwad had dialogues and lyrics written by Gulzar. The soundtrack of the film notably includes the rap song "Rail Gaadi" sung by actor Ashok Kumar. Song lyrics and poems written by Gulzar gave the poetic attribute and the "much-needed additional dimension" to Kumar's role in the film. Kumar bagged the Best Actor at the Filmfare and at the National Film Awards for this role. Gulzar's lyrics however did not gain much attention until the 1969's Khamoshi, where his song "Humne Dekhi Hai Un Aankhon Ki Mehekti Khushboo" became popular. Ganesh Anantharaman in his book Bollywood Melodies describes Gulzar's words to be daringly defiant than the faux paus of "Dekhi Hai Khushboo".[Note I] For the 1971 film Guddi, he penned two songs of which "Humko Man Ki Shakti Dena" was a prayer which is still sung in many schools in India.
As a lyricist, Gulzar had close association with the music director Rahul Dev Burman. He has also worked with Sachin Dev Burman, Shankar Jaikishan, Hemant Kumar, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, Madan Mohan, Rajesh Roshan, and Anu Malik. Gulzar worked with Salil Chowdhury (Anand (1971), Mere Apne (1971)), Madan Mohan (Mausam (1975)) and more recently with Vishal Bhardwaj (Maachis (1996), Omkara (2006), Kaminey (2009)), A. R. Rahman (Dil Se.. (1998), Guru (2007), Slumdog Millionaire (2008), Raavan (2010)) and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy (Bunty Aur Babli (2005)). Gulzar took inspiration from Amir Khusrow's "Ay Sarbathe Aashiqui" to pen "Ay Hairathe Aashiqui" for Mani Ratnam's 2007 Hindi film Guru which had music composed by A. R. Rahman. Another Ratnam-Rahman hit, "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from Dil Se.. also had lyrics written by Gulzar, based on the Sufi folk song "Thaiyya Thaiyya" with lyrics by poet Bulleh Shah. For another collaboration with Rahman for Danny Boyle's 2007 Hollywood film Slumdog Millionaire, Rahman and Gulzar won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" at the 81st Academy Awards. The song received international acclaim and won him a Grammy Award (shared with Rahman) in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.
After writing dialogues and screenplay for films like Aashirwad, Anand, Khamoshi, Gulzar directed his first film Mere Apne (1971). The film was a remake of Tapan Sinha's Bengali film Apanjan (1969). He then directed Parichay and Koshish. Parichay was based on a Bengali novel, Rangeen Uttarain by Raj Kumar Maitra. He wrote story of Koshish based on the struggle faced by deaf-dumb couple. In 1973, he directed Achanak inspired by the 1958 murder case KM Nanavati v State of Maharashtra. Later he directed Aandhi, based on the Hindi novel "Kaali Aandhi" by Kamleshwar. His next film Khushboo was based on Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay's Pandit Mashay. His Mausam which won National Award for 2nd Best Feature Film, Filmfare Best Movie and Filmfare Best Director awards, along with other six Filmfare nominations, was loosely based on the story "Weather", from the novel, The Judas Tree, by A.J. Cronin. His 1982's film Angoor was based on Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors.
None of the Gulzar's film were very commercially successful. His films told stories of human relationships entangled in social issues. Libaas was a story of extra-marital affair of an urban couple. Due to its objectionable subject the film never got released in India. Mausam pictured a story of a father who tries to improve the life of his prostitute-daughter. In Maachis, a young Punjabi boy pick up to terrorism to fight the situations only to realise its temporary nature. Hu Tu Tu dealt with corruption in India and how a man decides to fight it. Many of his popular songs were sung by Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle. These include "Musafir Hoon Yaron" (Parichay), "Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi" (Aandhi), and "Mera Kuch Samaan" (Ijaazat).
Gulzar primarily writes in Urdu and Punjabi; besides several dialects of Hindi such as Braj Bhasha, Khariboli, Haryanvi and Marwari. His poetry is in Triveni type of stanza. His poems are published in three compilations: Chand Pukhraaj Ka, Raat Pashminey Ki and Pandrah Paanch Pachattar. His short stories are published in Raavi-paar (also known as Dustkhat in Pakistan) and Dhuan (smoke).
For the peace campaign (Aman ki Asha) jointly started by India's and Pakistan's leading media houses, Gulzar wrote the anthem "Nazar Main Rehte Ho", which was recorded by Shankar Mahadevan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan. Gulzar has written ghazals for Jagjit Singh's albums "Marasim" and "Koi Baat Chale".
Gulzar has written lyrics and dialogues for several Doordarshan TV series including Jungle Book, Alice in Wonderland, Hello Zindagi, Guchche and Potli Baba Ki with Vishal Bhardwaj. He has more recently written and narrated for the children's audiobook series Karadi Tales.
Gulzar is married to actress Raakhee. The couple have a daughter, Meghna Gulzar (Bosky); when their daughter was only one year old, they separated but never divorced. Meghna Gulzar grew up with her father and, after completing her graduation in films from New York University, went on to become a director of films like Filhaal, Just Married and Dus Kahaniyaan, and authored the biography of her father Gulzar, in 2004.
Awards and nominations
Gulzar was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2004 for his contribution to the arts and the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2002. He has won a number of National Film Awards and 20 Filmfare Awards. At the 81st Academy Awards, he won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" (shared with A.R.Rahman), for the film Slumdog Millionaire. On 31 January 2010, the same song won him a Grammy Award in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. Gulzar has won the most Filmfare Awards for Best Lyricist (11 in total) as well as four Filmfare Awards for Best Dialogue. He was also awarded the 2012 Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration.
|1972||National Film Awards||Best Screenplay||Won||Screenplay writer||Koshish|
|1972||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Anand|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Namak Haraam|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Koshish||Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Achanak||Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love|
|1974||Filmfare Awards||Best Story||Nominated||Story writer||Koshish||Won by Salim-Javed for film Zanjeer|
|1975||National Film Awards||Second Best Feature Film||Won||Director||Mausam|
|1975||Filmfare Awards||Critics Award for Best Movie||Won||Director||Aandhi|
|1976||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Won||Director||Mausam|
|1976||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Aandhi||Won by Yash Chopra for Deewar|
|1976||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Tere Bina Zindagi Se" from film Aandhi||Won by Indeevar for "Dil Aisa Kisi" from film Amanush|
|1977||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dil Dhoondta Hai" from film Mausam||Won by Sahir Ludhianvi for "Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein" from film Kabhi Kabhie|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Do Deewaane Shehar Mein" from film Gharaonda|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Naam Gum Jaayega" from film Kinara||Won by himself for "Do Deewaane Sheher Mein" from film Gharaonda|
|1978||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Kinara||Won by Basu Chatterjee for Swami|
|1980||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Aanewala Pal Jaane Wala Hain" from film Gol Maal|
|1981||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Hazaar Raahen Mud Ke Dekhi" from film Thodisi Bewafaii|
|1982||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Jahaan Pe Savera" from film Baseraa||Won by Anand Bakshi for "Tere Mere Beech Mein" from film Ek Duuje Ke Liye|
|1984||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Tujhse Naraaz Nahin Zindagi" from film Masoom|
|1988||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Lyricist||"Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat|
|1989||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat |
|1990||Filmfare Awards||Best Documentary||Won||Director||Ustad Amjad Ali Khan|
|1991||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Lyricist||"Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin...|
|1992||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin...|
|1994||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dil Hum Hum" from film Rudaali||Won by Sameer for "Ghungat Ke Aad Se" from Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke|
|1996||National Film Awards||Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment||Won||Director||Maachis|
|1996||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Maachis|
|1996||Filmfare Awards||Best Story||Won||Story writer||Maachis|
|1997||Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Nominated||Director||Maachis||Won by Shekhar Kapoor for Bandit Queen|
|1997||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Chappa Chappa Charkha Chale" from film Maachis||Won by Javed Akhtar for "Ghar Se Nikalte" from Papa Kehte Hai|
|1999||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se..|
|1999||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Ae Ajnabi" from film Dil Se..||Won by himself for "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se..|
|2001||Indian Institute of Adv. Studies||Lifetime Honorary Fellowship||Won||–||--|
|2001||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Aaja Mahiya" from film Fiza||Won by Javed Akhtar for "Panchchi Nadiyaan" from Refugee|
|2002||Sahitya Akademi Award||Won||Writer||"Dhuan" ("Smoke"); short stories in Urdu|
|2002||Filmfare Awards||Lifetime Achievement Award||Won||–|||
|2002||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Dialogue writer||Saathiya|
|2003||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Saathiya" from film Saathiya|
|2004||Padma Bhushan||Won||–||--||India's third highest civilian award|
|2004||Sahir Award||Literary Award||Won||–||--||presented by Adeeb International (Sahir Cultural Academy)|
|2006||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli|
|2006||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Chup Chup Ke" from film Bunty Aur Babli||Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli|
|2006||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dheere Jalna" from film Paheli||Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli|
|2007||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Beedi" from film Omkara||Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Chand Sifarish" from Fanaa|
|2008||Academy Awards||Best Original Song||Won||Lyricist||"Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire||Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman|
|2008||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Tere Bina" from film Guru||Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Maa" from Taare Zameen Par|
|2009||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Tu Meri Dost Hai" from film Yuvvraaj||Won by Javed Akhtar for "Jashn-E-Bahara" from Jodhaa Akbar|
|2010||Grammy Awards||Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media||Won||Lyricist||"Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire||Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman and Playback Singer Tanvi Shah|
|2010||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Dhan Te Nan" from film Kaminey||Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal|
|2010||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Nominated||Lyricist||"Kaminey" from film Kaminey||Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal|
|2011||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Dil To Bachcha Hain Ji" from film Ishqiya|
|2013||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyricist||Won||Lyricist||"Challa" from film Jab Tak Hai Jaan|
|2013||Dadasaheb Phalke Award||N/A||Won||Poet, Lyricist and Film director||N/A||Highest award in Indian cinema|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2014)|
|2013||Ek Thi Daayan||Yes|
|2013||Matru Ki Bijlee Ka Mandola||Yes|
|2012||Kya Dilli Kya Lahore||Yes|
|2012||Happi / SRK (Hindi dubbed version)||Yes|
|2012||Do Paise Ki Dhoop, Chaar Aane Ki Baarish||Yes|
|2012||Jab Tak Hai Jaan||Yes|
|2011||Chala Mussaddi... Office Office||Yes|
|2011||Teen Thay Bhai||Yes|
|2011||Noukadubi / Kashmakash (Hindi dubbed version)||Yes|
|2011||7 Khoon Maaf||Yes|
|2010||Striker||Yes||Lyricist for song "Yun Hua"|
|2010||Raajneeti||Yes||Lyricist for song "Dhan Dhan Dharti"|
|2007||Jhoom Barabar Jhoom||Yes|
|2007||The Blue Umbrella||Yes|
|2007||Dus Kahaniyaan||Yes||Story Pooranmashi written by Gulzar|
|2005||Bunty Aur Babli||Yes|
|2002||Dil Vil Pyar Vyar||Yes|
|1999||Hu Tu Tu||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1999||Jahan Tum Le Chalo||Yes|
|1999||Rockford||Yes||Lyricist for song "Aasmanke Paar Shayad"|
|1997||Aastha: In the Prison of Spring||Yes|
|1986||New Delhi Times||Yes|
|1977||Palkon Ki Chhaon Mein||Yes||Yes|
|Do Dooni Chaar||Yes|
|Biwi Aur Makaan||Yes|
|1963||Bandini||Yes||Lyricist for "Mora Gora Aang"|
|1989||The Jungle Book||Yes||Title track of the anime series|
|1987||Dil Padosi Hai||Yes||Music album with Asha Bhosle and Rahul Dev Burman|
|Sunset Point||Yes||Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj, Bhupinder and K. S. Chithra|
|Vadaa||Yes||Music album with Amjad Ali Khan, Sadhana Sargam & Roop Kumar Rathod|
|Ishqa Ishqa||Yes||Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj|
|Main Aur Mera Saaya||Yes||Music album with Bhupen Hazarika|
|Udaas Pani||Yes||Music album with Abhishek Ray|
|Visaal||Yes||Music album with Ghulam Ali|
|Koi Baat Chale||Yes||Music album with Jagjit Singh; songs written in Triveni|
|Marasim||Yes||Music album with Jagjit Singh|
|Raat Chand Aur Main||Yes||Music album with Abhishek Ray|
|Amrita Pritam||Yes||Recited in tribute to Amrita Pritam|
|Kabir By Abida Parween||Yes||Recited|
|Boodhe Pahadon Par||Yes||Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj|
|Barse Barse||Yes||Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj; Lyricist for songs "Aisa To Hota" and "Zindagi Sehle".|
- Dhuan. Sahitya Akademi Publications. 2001. ISBN 8126019360.
- My Favourite Stories : Boskys Panchatantra. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129121182.
- Half a Rupee Stories. Penguin. 2013. ISBN 9780143068792.
- Meelo Se Din. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129120011.
- Selected Poems. Penguin. 2012. ISBN 0143418211.
- Kharashein. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2003. ISBN 9788171198498.
- Pukhraj. Rupa & Co. 2005. ISBN 8171672264.
- Raavi Paar. Rupa & Co. 1999. ISBN 8171673899.
- Raat Pashmine Ki. Rupa & Co. 2002. ISBN 8129102242.
- Mirza Ghalib A Biographical Scenatio. Rupa & Co. 2011. ISBN 8129117177.
- Autumn Moon. Rupa & Co. 2006. ISBN 8129109778.
- Magical Wishes: The Adventures Of Goopy & Bagha. Scholastic. 2010. ISBN 8184778449.
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- Chatterjee, Saibal (2007). Echoes and Eloquences: The Life and Cinema of Gulzar. Rupa & Co. ISBN 978-81-291-1235-4.
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- 23rd National Film Awards
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