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Gumaa Al-Shawan (né Ahmed Al-Hawan; 1 July 1937 – 1 November 2011) was an Egyptian double agent who worked for the Israeli Mossad from 1967 until 1973. He provided the Israelis with false military information with the help of the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate.
Ahmed Al-Hawan was born and raised in Suez. He and his family left after Israel occupied the Sinai Peninsula during the 1967 War. His wife Fatima reportedly lost her eyesight due to an Israeli air strike and they moved to Cairo.
When Al-Hawan couldn't find a job in Cairo, he traveled to Greece to earn his living on a ship. He met a woman with whom he fell in love, but who was reportedly a Mossad agent and who convinced him to work at her father's company. There he met an undercover Mossad agent posing as a Syrian who asked Al-Hawan to return to Egypt and gather information regarding the ships that were sailing in the Egyptian channel.
Al-Hawan opened a grocery store and began to collect information for his bosses but he soon developed some doubts about their intentions. He went to the headquarters of the General Intelligence Service (GIS) and met with Rais Zakariya (General Mohammed Abdul Salam Al-Mahgoub) whom he informed him about his experiences with the people he worked with. The GIS recruited him to provide the Israelis with false information for the next six years.
End of Mission
Shortly after the war, Al-Hawan received a letter from the Mossad requesting he come to Tel Aviv. Rais Zakariya persuaded him to travel so that the Mossad agents would supply him with an advanced transmission device that could send messages within six seconds, and the GIS needed that device. Al-Hawan arrived in Rome and received an Israeli passport with a fake name. In Israel he was taught how to use the device and gave him instructions upon his return to Egypt. The Mossad received the following message: "From the Egyptian intelligence to Mossad, thanks for cooperating with our agent Ahmed Al Hawan all these years and supplying him with your transmission devices; see you in future rounds!"
In January 1976, while collecting some info for the Mossad under the supervision of the Egyptian intelligence, an army vehicle hit Al-Hawan causing him a major injury in his right leg that he says could have easily been cured, had the doctors been more competent. The injury was followed by damage to the right eye as a result of using invisible ink. He requested retirement which was approved by President Sadat in December 1977.
Ahmed Al-Hawan died on 1 November 2011 at the age of 74 after suffering from an illness. For several months he has been treated at the expense of the armed forces.
- "Egypt's most famous spy on Israel dies at 74". Monsters and Critics. Retrieved 2011-11-01.