|Native speakers||(5,000 cited 1983–1996)|
duj – Dhuwal
djr – Djambarrpuyngu
gnn – Gumatj
guf – Gupapuyngu
dax – Dayi (Dhay'yi)
Dialects of the Yirritja moiety are (a) Gupapuyngu and Gumatj; those of the Dhuwa moiety are (b) Djambarrpuyngu, Djapu, Liyagalawumirr, and Guyamirlili (Gwijamil). In addition, it would appear that the Dhay'yi (Dayi) dialects, (a) Dhalwangu and (b) Djarrwark, are part of the same language.
Ethnologue divides Dhuwal into four languages, plus Dayi:
- Dhuwal proper (Wulamba), 3,650 speakers recorded in the 1996 census
- Djampbarrpuyŋu, 450 speakers reported in 1983
- Gumatj, 300 speakers (1983)
- Gupapuyngu, 450 speakers (1983)
- Dhay'yi (Dayi), 70 speakers (1996 census)
The total number of speakers is uncertain. Dhuwal proper and Dhay'yi were reported to be spoken by some 500 and 200 people in a survey published in 1983, but in the 1996 census 3,650 and 70 speakers self-identified as speakers.
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