Gumbinnen (region)

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East Prussian Regierungsbezirk Gumbinnen (blue),
as of 1905

Regierungsbezirk Gumbinnen was a Regierungsbezirk, or government region, of the Prussian province of East Prussia from 1815 until 1945. The regional capital was Gumbinnen (Gusev).

History[edit]

In 1808 during the Napoleonic Wars, East Prussia was divided into the Regierungsbezirke of Gumbinnen, comprising the eastern parts of the former Duchy of Prussia, and Königsberg. On November 1, 1905, the southern districts of the two regions were separated to create Regierungsbezirk Allenstein.

Regierungsbezirk Gumbinnen was dissolved in 1945 when East Prussia was partitioned between the Republic of Poland and the Soviet Union after World War II according to the resolutions at the Potsdam Conference.

Districts in 1937[edit]

As of December 31, 1937

Urban districts[edit]

  1. Insterburg
  2. Tilsit

Rural districts[edit]

  1. Angerburg (Węgorzewo today, Węgobork between 1945–1946)
  2. Darkehmen (Ozyorsk today)
  3. Goldap (Goldap today)
  4. Gumbinnen (Gusev today)
  5. Insterburg (Chernyakhovsk today)
  6. Niederung (seat: Heinrichswalde) (Slavsk today)
  7. Pillkallen (Dobrovolsk today, Schlossberg between 1938–1945)
  8. Stallupönen (Nesterov today, Ebenrode between 1938–1945)
  9. Tilsit-Ragnit (Sovetsk-Neman today) (seat: Tilsit)
  10. Treuburg (Name of district was Oletzko before 1933) (Seat: Marggrabowa oder Oletzko between 1560-1928 and renamed as Treuburg in 1928, Olecko today)
Administrative building in Gusev, 2009 condition

Districts in 1945[edit]

As of January 1, 1945

Urban districts[edit]

  1. Memel
  2. Insterburg
  3. Tilsit

Rural districts[edit]

  1. Darkehmen
  2. Angerburg
  3. Ebenrode
  4. Elchniederung (seat: Heinrichswalde)
  5. Goldap
  6. Gumbinnen
  7. Heydekrug (Šilutė today)
  8. Insterburg
  9. Memel (Klaipėda today)
  10. Schloßberg (Ostpr.)
  11. Sudauen (Suwałki today)
  12. Tilsit-Ragnit (seat: Tilsit)
  13. Treuburg