Gumeracha, South Australia

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Gumeracha
South Australia
Gumeracha Bridge.jpg
Gumeracha Bridge circa 1869.
Gumeracha is located in South Australia
Gumeracha
Gumeracha
Location in South Australia
Coordinates 34°49′32″S 138°53′00″E / 34.82556°S 138.88333°E / -34.82556; 138.88333Coordinates: 34°49′32″S 138°53′00″E / 34.82556°S 138.88333°E / -34.82556; 138.88333
Population 731 (2006)[1]
Established 1839
Postcode(s) 5233
Location 37 km (23 mi) from Adelaide
LGA(s) Adelaide Hills Council
State electorate(s) Schubert
Federal Division(s) Mayo

Gumeracha (/ˌɡʌməˈrækə/ GUM-ə-RAK) is a town near Adelaide, South Australia, located on the Adelaide-Mannum Road. It is located in the Adelaide Hills Council local government area. At the 2006 census, Gumeracha had a population of 731.[1]

History[edit]

Gumeracha [2] is one of South Australia's oldest settled areas. The first Europeans to explore and traverse through the district were Dr George Imlay and John Hill on 24 January 1838.[3] In 1839, the South Australia Company took up a parcel of land, on which the settlements of Gumeracha, Kenton Valley and Forreston developed. The Company established a district headquarters and opened it up for sheep grazing.

In 1839, William Beavis Randell built his home, Tinmath, at Kenton Park and built a flour mill in the 1840s.[4] The estate housed his large family, his workforce and their families. In 1846, Randell donated land and funds for a church, and the Salem Baptist Church was built - the oldest Baptist church still in use in South Australia. The surrounding area, meanwhile, had become an agricultural centre, and the Gumeracha Farmers' Society held annual shows.

In 1855, Randell allocated land for a township and by 1860 the town was laid out.[5] Commercial businesses sprang up on the main street (Albert Street), and many fine buildings were erected, including the Post Office, Police Station & Court House (1864), Institute Hall, Town Hall (1909), a butter factory (1889), a school, a hospital, a coach-house, hotels, churches and business houses.[6] Most of the buildings in use at this time still stand today. William Beavis Randell's son, William Richard Randell, would build the first River Murray paddlesteamer in Gumeracha in 1852.

The region relies heavily on grazing, dairying, grape growing, orchards and market gardening.

Geography[edit]

Gumeracha is located between Inglewood and Birdwood along the Adelaide-Mannum Road, and north of Lobethal along the Gumeracha-Lobethal Road.

At the ABS 2001 census, Gumeracha had a population of 599 people living in 266 dwellings.

Facilities[edit]

Giant rocking horse outside the toy factory

Gumeracha is the regional centre for the area. It contains a primary school, hospital, community centre, sports facilities and council offices of the Adelaide Hills Council (the main office is at Woodside). There is also a golf course in Kenton Valley south of the town.

Several wineries, including Chain of Ponds Wines and Talunga Premium Wines, operate in Gumeracha and in nearby areas.

The most notable attraction of Gumeracha is the "biggest rocking horse in the world" - standing at 18.3 metres (60.0 ft) (approximately the height of a six-storey building), it is just east of the town on Main Road and serves to advertise the toy factory and wildlife park.

Transport[edit]

The area is not serviced by Adelaide public transport. A coach is operated from Tea Tree Plaza Interchange to Gumeracha and Mount Pleasant by LinkSA.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Gumeracha (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  2. ^ Adelaide Hills Council - Historical Town Information Accessed 16 June 2006.
  3. ^ The Australian, 27 March 1838, p.3.
  4. ^ Adelaide Hills Online - Gumeracha Accessed 16 June 2006.
  5. ^ Place Names - Gumeracha Accessed 16 June 2006.
  6. ^ Gumeracha Community Website Accessed 16 June 2006.
  7. ^ [1] Accessed 31 January 2010

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gumeracha, South Australia.