Gumi, North Gyeongsang

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Gumi
구미시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Gumi-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Kumi-si
Gumi
Gumi
Official logo of Gumi
Emblem of Gumi
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Yeongnam
Administrative divisions 2 eup, 6 myeon, 19 dong
Area
 • Total 617.28 km2 (238.33 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 374,654
 • Density 552.5/km2 (1,431/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gyeongsang

Gumi is the second largest city in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea. It is located on the Nakdong River, half way between Daegu and Gimcheon, also lies on the Gyeongbu Expressway and Gyeongbu Line railway which are the principal traffic routes of the country.

The city is an industrial center of the country with many companies, including Samsung Electronics and LG Display. The primary industries are electronics, textiles, fibers, rubber, plastic and metal products. In Gumi, 1,772 companies employ over 80,000 workers.[1] It is the largest scale in Korea. In 2009, the city exported the largest amount in the country and accounted for 96.9% of trade surplus of Korea in 2000 to 2009.[2]

The former President of South Korea, Park Chung-hee was born in the city.

Gumi literally translates as 'turtle tail', not 'nine tails'.

History[edit]

In the Three Kingdoms period, Gumi was territory of Silla. The first Silla temple, Dori Temple, was constructed here.

More recently, the town was the birthplace of the South Korean president Park Chung-Hee. Not coincidentally, it was during his administration that the South Korean government selected Gumi as a site for major industrial development. His birth home is a museum today.

Gumi developed rapidly during the 1960s, growing from a small rural town into a large city thanks to huge infusions of development money from the government. It was selected for development for some practical reasons such as its easy access to transportation infrastructure, and its location in the industrialized Yeongnam region.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The city center of Gumi is divided into 19 dong, or neighborhood units. The hinterland is divided into 6 myeon, or rural areas, and 2 eup, or large villages: Seonsan-eup and Goa-eup.

People[edit]

Famous people from Gumi include former South Korean president Park Chung-hee, his daughter Park Geun-hye, former H.O.T. member Jang Woo-hyuk, former G.O.D. member Kim Tae-woo, and e-sports player Lee Yun-Yeol-known as "Genius Terran", as well as Ju Hyung Ahn, a world renowned expert.

Geumo Mountain[edit]

Geumo Mountain (Geumo San) Provincial Park is a popular hiking destination. The peak at 976 m above sea level is one of the eight famous spots in the Yeongman area and is the location of the start of the nature preservation campaign in Korea. The park has an amusement area called Geumo Land and the Geumo reservoir. There are several interesting sites on the mountain that include:[3]

The Doesan Cave, Daehye Waterfall and HaeUn Buddhist Temple are easily reached by taking the cable car from the entrance of the park and a short hike.

Doesan Cave named after the Buddhist monk Doesan who attained a state of nirvana in the cave. He was a master of the theory of "divination based on topography" in the later Shilla dynasty.

Daehye Waterfall is 27 m high and is especially beautiful during the rainy season when there is a lot of water flowing over it. It can be completely dry during periods without rain and is frozen in winter.

The HaeUn Buddhist Temple is also near the top of the cable car route.

The YakSa Temple and the Ma Ae cliff Buddha statue are both near the summit of Geumo Mountain and require about 1 – 2 hours of hiking to reach them.

The YakSa Temple is an active Buddhist temple and is said to have been created to commemorate Saint Ulsang's attainment of nirvana. It sit near the peak of the mountain and can be reached both from the peak and by a trail from the bottom. It has a unique bell that sits on a separate spike of rock connected by a suspension bridge.

The Ma Ae Cliff Buddha (National Treasure #490) is carved into the corner of a cliff face thought to have been carved during the Goryeo dynasty.

Industrial accident[edit]

On September 27, 2012 workers at the Hube Global[4] plant in Gumi were unloading hydrofluoric acid (HF) from a tanker when an explosion occurred causing about 8 tonnes of the acid to leak into the surrounding area. The leak caused 5 deaths initially and prompted 4,260[5] people to seek medical attention at local hospitals. Local rice and grape crops were ruined because the acid caused them to wither. Approximately 3,200 livestock were exposed. The acid, which can etch glass and is used in the electronics industry, caused damage to at least 1,000 vehicles. Total damage costs as of October 10, 2012 were about 16 million USD.[6]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Gumi (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
7.2
(45)
12.7
(54.9)
20.2
(68.4)
24.9
(76.8)
27.9
(82.2)
29.8
(85.6)
30.4
(86.7)
26.2
(79.2)
21.1
(70)
13.5
(56.3)
6.9
(44.4)
18.7
(65.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
1.1
(34)
6.2
(43.2)
12.9
(55.2)
18.0
(64.4)
22.1
(71.8)
24.9
(76.8)
25.2
(77.4)
20.1
(68.2)
13.6
(56.5)
6.8
(44.2)
0.8
(33.4)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
0.3
(32.5)
5.8
(42.4)
11.3
(52.3)
16.8
(62.2)
20.9
(69.6)
21.2
(70.2)
15.3
(59.5)
7.7
(45.9)
1.1
(34)
−4.2
(24.4)
7.1
(44.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.2
(0.795)
28.2
(1.11)
45.4
(1.787)
66.3
(2.61)
77.0
(3.031)
130.3
(5.13)
237.9
(9.366)
237.0
(9.331)
146.3
(5.76)
35.4
(1.394)
31.9
(1.256)
16.8
(0.661)
1,072.5
(42.224)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.0 5.5 7.4 7.0 8.1 8.8 13.6 12.7 8.5 4.7 5.6 4.9 91.8
 % humidity 61.2 59.2 58.0 55.3 60.7 67.5 76.0 76.0 74.6 69.4 66.8 64.3 65.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 166.7 173.3 198.0 223.7 235.6 198.7 170.1 179.8 171.2 194.6 158.3 159.5 2,229.6
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[7]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°07′10″N 128°20′40″E / 36.119469°N 128.344381°E / 36.119469; 128.344381