Gummer and Ford

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Gummer and Ford
Practice information
Key architects William Henry Gummer, Charles Reginald Ford
Location Auckland
Founded 1923
Work
Buildings New Zealand National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum, Dilworth Building, Auckland Railway Station, Remuera Public Library
Projects New Zealand National War Memorial, Christchurch Bridge of Remembrance, Dunedin Cenotaph
Awards New Zealand Institute of Architects Gold Medals

Gummer and Ford was an architectural firm founded in 1923 in Auckland, New Zealand by William Henry Gummer and Charles Reginald Ford. It was among the country's best-regarded architectural firm of the first half of the 20th century, designing numerous iconic buildings, including the former National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum in Wellington and the old Auckland Railway Station. Eighteen of the company's buildings have been registered as significant historic places by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust.[1] In 2006 an exhibition of their work was staged at The University of Auckland's Gus Fisher Gallery, and in 2007 the firm was described as 'the best architectural practice of all time in New Zealand'.[2]

When the partnership was established, Gummer was already a highly successful architect. In his early 20s he had travelled to England and there worked for Leonard Stokes and Edwin Lutyens. The latter architect, later known mostly for his memorial designs, 'profoundly influenced' Gummer[3] He was placed third in a 1911 competition to design Parliament Buildings in London. After returning to New Zealand in 1914 he designed several well-regarded buildings including the New Zealand Insurance office in Auckland and the State Fire Insurance building in Wellington.

The partnership between the two men was highly productive. Gummer's biographer in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography attributes this to their complementary skills and personalities. Ford concentrated primarily on managing the practice and dealing with clients, although he also did some design work. Amongst the firm's early successes were Auckland's Dilworth Building, and the Auckland Railway Station, awarded a New Zealand Institute of Architects (NZIA) gold medal in 1931. The firm had earlier won a gold medal for the Remuera Public Library in 1928.

Gummer and Ford designed numerous war memorials, including the New Zealand National War Memorial in Wellington, the Christchurch Bridge of Remembrance and the Dunedin Cenotaph. Gummer's school buildings include St Peter's College, Auckland (1939). They designed the Massey Memorial.

Gummer was responsible for virtually all of the firm's iconic buildings but Ford also contributed significantly to New Zealand architecture and building through his book Earthquakes and Building Construction. He was also influential in the establishment of earthquake safety standards in New Zealand after the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, and the establishment of a Chair of Architecture at Auckland University.[4]

Both Gummer and Ford were at various times president of the NZIA.

List of Notable Works[edit]

Date Work Location
1916-1928 Auckland Winter Gardens Domain Drive, Grafton
1925 Remuera Library 429 Remuera Road, Remuera
1925 Dilworth Trust Building Cnr. Queen Street & Customs Street, Auckland CBD
1924-58 Pearson House, Jubilee Institute for the Blind 10 Titoki Street, Newmarket
1927 Auckland Railway Station 132-148 Beach Road, Auckland CBD
1928 Mayfair Flats 75 Parnell Road, Parnell
1928–30 Dingwall Orphanage 8 Dingwall Place, Papatoetoe
1931–43 St. Peters College 23 Mountain Road, Grafton
1934–35 Dingwall Trust Building 87–93 Queen Street, Auckland CBD
1935 Elliot Memorial Gates Park Road, Grafton
1935 Good Shepherd Home for Girls Cnr. Dominion Road & Hillsborough

Road, Waikowhai

1952 Auckland Grammar School Old Boy’s War Memorial 87 Mountain Road, Epsom
1952–53 Cornwall Park Steps Olive Grove, Greenlane
1953 Mangere Memorial Hall 23 Domain Road, Mangere
1955–57 St Mary’s Catholic Church 20 Kitenui Ave, Mt Albert
1961 Liston House 30-32 Hobson Street, Auckland CBD
1962 ANZ Bank 149 Upper Symonds Street, Auckland CBD (and various other locations)

Sources[edit]

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