Gun laws in Hawaii

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Gun laws in Hawaii regulate the sale, possession, and use of firearms and ammunition in the state of Hawaii in the United States.

Summary[edit]

Subject/Law Long guns Handguns Relevant Statutes Notes
State Permit to Purchase? Yes Yes
Firearm registration? Yes Yes HRS 0134-0002 Must be registered with county Police Chief within 5 days of purchase.
"Assault weapon" law? No Yes Law bans "assault pistols" with two or more banned features. Does not apply to rifles or shotguns with a barrel length greater than 16 inches
Magazine Capacity Restriction? No Yes Handgun magazines with a capacity of more than 10 rounds are prohibited
Owner license required? Yes Yes
Carry permits issued? No Yes HRS 0134-0009 May-Issue by statute, but No-Issue in practice. The chief of police may grant a permit "in an exceptional case, when an applicant shows reason to fear injury to the applicant's person or property". In practice, Hawaii is "No-Issue," as issuing authorities rarely or never approve applications for permits. In March 2014, the 9th Circuit US Court of Appeals has ruled Hawaii's restrictive concealed carry policy unconstitutional, but the court has allowed the law to remain in effect while the State of Hawaii appeals the ruling.
Open Carry? No Yes By law, Hawaii is a Licensed Open Carry State, but since licenses are rarely issued, the state is Non-Permissive for open carry in practice. The chief of police may grant a permit "Where the urgency or the need has been sufficiently indicated" provided that the person is "is engaged in the protection of life and property". In practice, Hawaii is "No-Issue," as issuing authorities rarely or never approve applications for permits.
State Preemption of local restrictions? Yes Yes Municipalities may enact and enforce local regulations only if they are identical to, and provide the same penalty as, State law.
NFA weapons restricted? Yes Yes Machine guns, short barreled rifles, short barreled shotguns, and silencers/suppressors are prohibited from the average citizen. Destructive devices and AOW's are allowed with proper tax stamp and NFA paperwork from the ATF
Peaceable Journey laws? No No None Federal laws observed.
Location of Hawaii in the United States

Hawaii[1][2][3] is a "may issue" state for concealed carry. "In an exceptional case, when an applicant shows reason to fear injury to the applicant's person or property," a license to carry a pistol or revolver may be granted or denied at the discretion of the county police chief.[4] In practice however very few concealed carry licenses are granted, and issuance of carry permits is normally limited to active or retired law enforcment officers, security professionals and military members. As of July 2014 there were 183 active Handgun Carry Licenses in Hawaii, out of a population of 1.4 million.[5][6] Hawaii does not recognize concealed carry permits issued by other states.[7][8]

Acquiring a firearm in Hawaii requires a permit to acquire, issued to qualified applicants by the county police chief. There is a minimum 14-20 day waiting period for receiving a permit. A separate permit is required for each handgun(s) transaction to be acquired (valid for a period of 10 days), while a "long gun" permit can be used for any number of rifles or shotguns for a period of one year. In addition to passing a criminal background check, applicants must provide an affidavit of mental health, and agree to release their medical records. First time applicants must be fingerprinted by the FBI (fee applies). When applying to acquire a handgun, a handgun safety training course affidavit or hunter's education card is also required.[9]

Firearms acquired within the state must be registered with the chief of police within 5 days. Firearms brought in from out of state, including those owned prior to moving to Hawaii, must be registered within 3 days of arrival. Registration of firearms brought in from out of state does not involve a waiting period, however a FBI fingerprint and background check will be conducted. Registration is not required for black-powder firearms or firearms manufactured before 1899.[10]

Carrying a loaded firearm, concealed or not concealed, including in a vehicle, is a class A felony. Unloaded firearms that are secured in a gun case and are accompanied by a corresponding permit are allowed to be transported in a vehicle between the permitted owner's residence or business and: a place of repair; a target range; a licensed dealer's place of business; an organized, scheduled firearms show or exhibit; a place of formal hunter or firearm use training or instruction; or a police station.[11]

Fully automatic firearms, shotguns with barrels less than 18 inches long, and rifles with barrels less than 16 inches long are prohibited by state law. Also banned are handgun magazines that can hold more than 10 rounds of ammunition, and semi-automatic handguns with certain combinations of features that the state has defined as "assault pistols".[1]

Non-residents may transport a firearm to the state and requires registration at a police station within 72 hours of arrival. Current law requires fingerprinting and photograph. A permit is provided for each firearm make/model/serial number. Subsequent registration of other firearms do not require the fingerprinting and photograph (nor the fee). The current first time fingerprinting fee is $16.50 (May 2014)and is only payable in cash with exact change. Once registered the permit is valid statewide in all counties.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b State Firearms Laws and Published Ordinances for Hawaii – ATF
  2. ^ "State Gun Laws: Hawaii", National Rifle Association – Institute for Legislative Action. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  3. ^ "Hawaii State Law Summary", Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  4. ^ "Hawaii Revised Statutes §134–9: Licenses to carry". Capitol.hawaii.gov. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  5. ^ [http://www.foxnews.com/us/2014/07/09/murder-drops-as-concealed-carry-permits-rise-claims-study/ Murder rate drops as concealed carry permits rise, study claims , Foxnews.com, July 9, 2014.]
  6. ^ "Women Tell Lawmakers They Want the Right to Protect Themselves with a Concealed Firearm", Hawaii Reporter, February 17, 2006[dead link]
  7. ^ Hawaii Concealed Carry CCW Laws and Information on carryconcealed.net[dead link]
  8. ^ "Hawaii Concealed Carry Permit Information on". Usacarry.com. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Hawaii Gun Laws – Honolulu Police Department". Honolulupd.org. July 17, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Hawaii Gun Laws – Hawaii Rifle Association". Hawaiirifleassociation.org. May 3, 2008. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Carrying or use of firearm in the commission of a separate felony; place to keep firearms; loaded firearms; penalty". Honolulupd.org. July 17, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2011.