Gun laws in Mississippi

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Location of Mississippi in the United States

Gun laws in Mississippi regulate the sale, possession, and use of firearms and ammunition in the state of Mississippi in the United States.

Summary table[edit]

Subject/Law Long guns Handguns Relevant statutes Notes
State Permit to Purchase? No No
Firearm registration? No No
"Assault weapon" law? No No
Owner license required? No No
Carry permits issued? No Yes MS Code Sections 95-3-1, 45-9-101, 97-37-7, House Bill 506 of the 2011 Mississippi Legislature The Mississippi Department of Public Safety shall issue a license to carry a concealed pistol or revolver to a qualified applicant within 45 days. The license is valid for five years. Concealed carry is not allowed in a school, courthouse, police station, detention facility, government meeting place, polling place, establishment primarily devoted to dispensing alcoholic beverages, athletic event, parade or demonstration for which a permit is required, passenger terminal of an airport, "place of nuisance" as defined in Mississippi Code section 95–3–1, or a location where a sign is posted and clearly visible from at least ten feet away saying that the "carrying of a pistol or revolver is prohibited". With an enhanced carry permit per Mississippi Code section 97-37-7(2) as amended by House Bill 506 of the 2011 Regular Session,[1] the prohibited locations to carry concealed are as follows: any police, sheriff or highway patrol station; any detention facility, prison or jail; courtrooms during a judicial proceeding; any "place of nuisance"; and (not listed in the Mississippi statutes, but still relevant) any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law. A license to carry a pistol or revolver is not required for open carry. A license is not required for transporting a concealed or visible firearm in a vehicle.
Open Carry? Yes Yes House Bill 2 of the 2013 Mississippi Legislature The "HB2" Unlicensed Open Carry Law went into effect July 1, 2013. An injunction, declaring the definition of "concealed handgun" unconstitutionally vague, was initially put in place by a Circuit Court Judge in Jackson, MS. The injunction was vacated August 29th, 2013 by the Mississippi Supreme Court.[2]
State Preemption of local restrictions? Yes Yes No county or municipality may adopt any ordinance that restricts or requires the possession, transportation, sale, transfer or ownership of firearms or ammunition or their components. However, local governments may regulate the discharge of firearms, the carrying of firearms at a public park or public meeting, or the use of firearms in cases of insurrection, riots and natural disasters.
NFA weapons restricted? No No Permitted as long such possession is in compliance with all federal regulations
Peaceable Journey laws?

Concealed and open carry[edit]

Mississippi[3][4] is a "shall issue" state for concealed carry. The Mississippi Department of Public Safety shall issue a license to carry a concealed pistol or revolver to a qualified applicant within 45 days. The license is valid for five years. Concealed carry is not allowed in a school, courthouse, police station, detention facility, government meeting place, polling place, establishment primarily devoted to dispensing alcoholic beverages, athletic event, parade or demonstration for which a permit is required, passenger terminal of an airport, "place of nuisance" as defined in Mississippi Code section 95–3–1,[5] or a location where a sign is posted and clearly visible from at least ten feet away saying that the "carrying of a pistol or revolver is prohibited". A license to carry a pistol or revolver is not required for open carry beginning July 1, 2013(see above). A license is not required for transporting a concealed or visible firearm in a vehicle.[6][7][8][9]

State preemption[edit]

Mississippi has state preemption of many but not all firearm laws. No county or municipality may adopt any ordinance that restricts or requires the possession, transportation, sale, transfer or ownership of firearms or ammunition or their components. However, local governments may regulate the discharge of firearms, the carrying of firearms at a public park or public meeting, or the use of firearms in cases of insurrection, riots and natural disasters.[10]

Lawsuits[edit]

Lawsuits against manufacturers, distributors, or dealers for damages resulting from the lawful design, manufacture, distribution or sale of firearms are reserved to the state. However, local governments may bring suit for breach of contract or warranty or for defects in materials or workmanship.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "House Bill 506" (PDF). Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ Mississippi Supreme Court decision: Mississippi v. Smith, State of Mississippi Judiciary. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  3. ^ "Firearms Laws for Mississippi on nraila.org" (PDF). Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Mississippi State Law Summary on". Lcav.org. October 24, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Mississippi Code section 95–3–1: Definitions of terms "person," "place" and "nuisance"". Mscode.com. March 14, 1973. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Mississippi Department of Public Safety – Highway Patrol – Firearm Permits FAQ". Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Mississippi Concealed Carry CCW Laws and Information on handgunlaw.us" (PDF). May 31, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Mississippi Concealed Carry Permit Information on". Usacarry.com. March 9, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Mississippi Department of Public Safety - Firearms Permit Unit". Retrieved June 14, 2013. 
  10. ^ Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms – State Laws and Published Ordinances – Firearms – Mississippi
  11. ^ "Mississippi Code section 11–1–67: Authority to sue traders in firearms reserved to state". Mscode.com. January 1, 2003. Retrieved November 23, 2011.