Gun laws in Missouri
|Subject/Law||Long Guns||Handguns||Relevant Statutes||Notes|
|Permit to purchase required?||No||No|
|Owner license required?||No||No|
|Carry permits issued?||No||Yes||Missouri is a "shall issue" state for concealed carry.|
|Open carry permitted?||Yes||Yes||Open carry is permitted as of October 11, 2014 with a valid CCW state wide. Over rides local laws against Open Carry .|
|State preemption of local restrictions?||Yes||Yes||NO local governments may regulate open carry if the carrier has a valid CCW, but can regulate the discharge of firearms ( except in self defense ).|
|"Assault weapon" law?||No||No|
|Magazine Capacity Restriction?||No||No|
|NFA weapons restricted?||No||No|
|Peaceable journey law?||Yes||Yes|
Missouri Statute 571.070 (8/28/2007) says that it is unlawful for a felon or adjudged incompetent Person to have possession of any firearm (including concealable firearms). Violation of this law is a class C felony.
Missouri Law Exempts the possession of antique firearms, as defined in 18 U.S.C. Section 921, from the provision that specifies a person commits the crime of unlawful possession of a firearm if he or she is a convicted felon possessing a firearm.
Missouri Statute 571.121 (8/28/2007) says (a) you have to carry permit with you when you carry the concealed weapon and if you don't have it with you, it is not a crime, but you can be fined up to $35, and (b) county sheriff's issue a or a state CCW I.D. that reflects that you can carry concealed.
Missouri does allow open carry of long guns (shotguns and rifles) for those age 18 or older. It is advisable to check local laws and ordinances before openly carrying a firearm within Missouri.
In September 2014, Missouri lawmakers passed a law that will allow specially trained school employees to carry concealed guns on campuses. It also allows anyone with a concealed weapons permit to carry guns openly, even in cities or towns with bans against the open carrying of firearms. The age to obtain a concealed weapons permit also will drop from 21 to 19 [See Gun bill SB656]. The vote makes Missouri the 10th state to pass legislation allowing armed school employees since mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, in 2012. Gov.Nixon vetoed the bill and the State Senate overrode the veto shortly thereafter.
Missouri has a "peaceable journey" under Missouri Statutes 571.030 which law says it is legal to carry the weapon in a passenger compartment of a vehicle as long as (1) the concealable firearm is otherwise lawfully possessed, (2) the person is 21 or older, or (3) the person is in his dwelling unit (e.g. RV) or upon premises over which the person has possession/authority/control, or is traveling in a continuous journey peaceably through this state.
The same applies (it is not a crime) when the person is 21 and possesses an exposed firearm for the lawful pursuit of game.
- "State Gun Laws: Missouri", National Rifle Association – Institute for Legislative Action. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Missouri State Law Summary", Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- http://www.moga.mo.gov/statutes/c500-599/5710000070.htm, Missouri Revised Statutes, 571.070 Possession of firearm unlawful for certain persons--penalty--exception.
- http://www.moga.mo.gov/statutes/c500-599/5710000121.htm, Missouri Revised Statutes, 571.121 Duty to carry and display endorsement, penalty for violation--director of revenue immunity from liability, when.
- "Section 21.750 RSMo.". Missouri Revised Statutes. August 28, 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- Ballentine, Summer. "Missouri lawmakers expand gun rights in schools". Washington Times. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- Bergquist, Garrett. "State Senate overrides gun bill veto". Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- http://www.moga.mo.gov/statutes/c500-599/5710000030.htm, Missouri Revised Code, Chapter 571.030 Unlawful use of weapons--exceptions--penalties.
- Chapter 571 - Weapons Offenses of Missouri Revised Statutes