Gun laws in Missouri
|Subject/Law||Long Guns||Handguns||Relevant Statutes||Notes|
|Permit to purchase required?||No||No|
|Owner license required?||No||No|
|Carry permits issued?||No||Yes||Missouri is a "shall issue" state for concealed carry.|
|Open carry permitted?||Yes||Yes||Open carry is permitted as of October 11, 2014 with a valid CCW state wide. Overrides local laws against Open Carry .|
|State preemption of local restrictions?||Yes||Yes||No local governments may regulate open carry if the carrier has a valid CCW, but can regulate the discharge of firearms ( except in self defense ).|
|Assault weapon law?||No||No|
|Magazine Capacity Restriction?||No||No|
|NFA weapons restricted?||No||No|
|Peaceable journey law?||Yes||Yes|
Missouri Statute 571.070 (8/28/2007) says that it is unlawful for a felon or adjudged incompetent Person to have possession of any firearm (including concealable firearms). Violation of this law is a class C felony. This law was the subject of a challenge, in which a nonviolent felon successfully argued that the law is unconstitutional as applied to him. The law failed muster against the required strict scrutiny test.
Missouri Law Exempts the possession of antique firearms, as defined in 18 U.S.C. Section 921, from the provision that specifies a person commits the crime of unlawful possession of a firearm if he or she is a convicted felon possessing a firearm.
Missouri Statute 571.121 (8/28/2007) says (a) you have to carry permit with you when you carry the concealed weapon and if you don't have it with you, it is not a crime, but you can be fined up to $35, and (b) county sheriffs issue a or a state CCW I.D. that reflects that you can carry concealed.
In September 2014, Missouri lawmakers passed a law that will allow specially trained school employees to carry concealed guns on campuses. It also allows anyone with a concealed weapons permit to carry guns openly, even in cities or towns with bans against the open carrying of firearms. The age to obtain a concealed weapons permit also will drop from 21 to 19 [See Gun bill SB656]. The vote makes Missouri the 10th state to pass legislation allowing armed school employees since mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, in 2012. Gov.Nixon vetoed the bill and the State Senate overrode the veto shortly thereafter.
Missouri does allow open carry of long guns (shotguns and rifles) for those age 18 or older. Open carry of handguns is generally allowed without a permit. Some localities prohibit open carry, however permit holders are exempt from this.
Concealed Carry Permit Requirement Exceptions
One exception in which no concealed carry permit is required is when the weapon is in a non-functioning state (for instance, if it has a barrel lock in place), or if the weapon is unloaded and no ammunition is readily accessible.
Another exception is while traveling in a car and either above the age 18 or 18 and a member of the armed forces (or honorably discharged). Missouri's old "peaceable journey" law, which allowed a person to conceal a weapon in a car while on a "peaceable journey" through the state (including journeys that begin and end outside of the state, begin and end inside of the state, begin in the state and end outside the state, or begin outside of the state and end in the state), is still in effect and has no age restriction.
Another exception is when a person is also carrying an exposed firearm for the lawful pursuit of game. For instance, if a hunter is openly carrying his deer rifle, he may also conceal a handgun without a concealed carry permit.
Another exception is when a person is on their own property.
- "State Gun Laws: Missouri", National Rifle Association – Institute for Legislative Action. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Missouri State Law Summary", Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- http://www.moga.mo.gov/statutes/c500-599/5710000070.htm, Missouri Revised Statutes, 571.070 Possession of firearm unlawful for certain persons--penalty--exception.
- http://www.moga.mo.gov/statutes/c500-599/5710000121.htm, Missouri Revised Statutes, 571.121 Duty to carry and display endorsement, penalty for violation--director of revenue immunity from liability, when.
- Ballentine, Summer. "Missouri lawmakers expand gun rights in schools". Washington Times. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- Bergquist, Garrett. "State Senate overrides gun bill veto". Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- "Section 21.750 RSMo.". Missouri Revised Statutes. August 28, 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- "Missouri Concealed Weapons Law". Missouri Department of Public Safety. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "Section 571.0030 RSMo. Subsection 3". Missouri Revised Statutes. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- Chapter 571 - Weapons Offenses of Missouri Revised Statutes