Gun laws in Oregon
|Subject/Law||Long guns||Handguns||Relevant statutes||Notes|
|State permit to purchase?||No||No|
|Firearm registration?||No||No||The Oregon State Police may maintain a record of firearms sales from Federal Firearm Licensees for a period up to seven years.|
|"Assault Weapon" law?||No||No|
|Owner license required?||No||No|
|Carry permits issued?||No||Yes||ORS 166.291||Oregon is a "shall-issue" state. Though Sheriffs "may issue" licenses to residents of contiguous states on a discretionary basis. In practice most county sheriffs either adopt restrictive criteria for issuing licenses to non-residents or simply refuse to issue licenses to non-residents.|
|Open carry?||Yes||Yes||Open carry of firearms is legal. However cities and counties may regulate the open carry of loaded firearms in public places. Localities that prohibit open carry of loaded firearms in public places include: Astoria, Beaverton, Independence, Newport, Oregon City, Portland, Salem, Tigard, and Multnomah County.|
|State preemption of local restrictions?||Yes||Yes||Local regulations do not apply to licensed open carry.|
|NFA weapons restricted?||No||No||Allowed as long as such items including machine gun lower receivers/ automatics sears, short barreled rifles, short barreled shotguns, and suppressors are in compliance with federal law and registered to the NFA.|
|Peaceable journey laws?||Yes||Yes|
In Oregon, the right to bear arms is protected by Article 1, Section 27 of the state constitution.
Oregon is a shall-issue concealed-carry state. and is notable for having very few restrictions on where a concealed firearm may be carried. Oregon also has statewide preemption for its concealed-carry laws—meaning that, with limited exceptions, counties and cities cannot place limits on concealed-carry beyond those provided by state law.
There is one possible exception to the "shall issue" state. The concealed-carry license is issued by each county's sheriff, and is valid state-wide. The sheriff is given personal discretion if that sheriff "has reasonable grounds to believe that the applicant has been or is reasonably likely to be a danger to self or others." There is no pure definition of what that reason must be. For instance it might be a statement from another law enforcement officer about an individual, and that statement might come from personal acquaintance. The burden, and perhaps the right to recover damages, would then be on the applicant.
Oregon is also an open-carry state, but cities and counties are free to limit public possession of loaded firearms by individuals who do not have an Oregon Concealed Handgun License. The municipalities of Portland, Beaverton, Tigard, Oregon City, Salem, Independence, and Multnomah County have banned loaded firearms in all public places.
There is no reciprocity with other states' concealed handgun licenses. Individuals wanting to carry a concealed handgun in Oregon will need an Oregon Concealed Handgun License.
In Oregon, gun owners can be held liable in civil court if a gun injury is caused by negligence, and can be held responsible for damages in a wrongful death claim if the gun is used to kill someone.