|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
August 27, 1959|
Schwenningen am Neckar, West Germany
|Died||September 26, 1980
Munich, West Germany
Cause of death
|Date||September 26, 1980
|Location(s)||Munich, West Germany|
Gundolf Köhler (August 27, 1959 – September 26, 1980) was a German right-wing extremist who allegedly planted a bomb at the 1980 Oktoberfest in Munich causing what is known as the 1980 Oktoberfest terror attack.
Köhler was born in Schwenningen, and was studying geology in the University of Tübingen at the time of the attack. While at Tübingen, he was a member of the Tübingen University Students Circle (Hochschulring Tübinger Studenten), a right-wing student group, and was described as a loner and gun nut. By the time of his death, he had moved to Donaueschingen. He was also a member of the neo-Nazi Hoffmann Military Sports Group (Wehrsportgruppe Hoffmann).
Köhler planted a pipe bomb in a trash can on September 26, 1980 near one of the entrances to the Munich Oktoberfest; it exploded at 10:19 PM (GMT+1), killing 13 and injuring over 200. He did not get away fast enough and was killed in the attack himself. It is officially believed that he was the sole perpetrator of the attack, however doubts remain as to whether he acted alone (see Criticism_of_the_official_investigation).
- Lee, Martin A. (September 10, 2000). "Strange Ties: The Stasi and the Neo-Fascists". The Los Angeles Times.
- Michael Backmund (2003). "Der Kandidat, die Bombe und der Einzeltäter (The candidate, the bomb, and the single perpetrator)". Antifaschistisches Infoblatt #60.
- Karl Meyer (September 26, 2005). "Zweifel an der Theorie vom verwirrten Einzeltäter (Doubt about the theory of a single perpetrator)". Telepolis.