Gunnersbury station

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Gunnersbury London Underground London Overground
D Stock at Gunnersbury.JPG
Refurbished District line train
Gunnersbury is located in Greater London
Gunnersbury
Gunnersbury
Location of Gunnersbury in Greater London
Location Gunnersbury
Local authority London Borough of Hounslow
Managed by London Underground[1]
Owner Network Rail
Station code GUN
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 3.93 million[2]
2011 Increase 4.39 million[2]
2012 Increase 4.64 million[2]
2013 Decrease 4.55 million[2]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2008–09 Increase 0.936 million[3]
2009–10 Increase 1.182 million[3]
2010–11 Increase 1.388 million[3]
2011–12 Increase 1.788 million[3]
2012–13 Increase 2.068 million[3]
Key dates
1869 Opened (L&SWR)
1869 Started (NLR)
1870 Started and Ended (GWR)
1877 Started (MR and DR)
1894 Started (GWR)
1906 Ended (MR)
1910 Ended (GWR)
1916 Ended (L&SWR)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°29′30″N 0°16′30″W / 51.4918°N 0.275°W / 51.4918; -0.275

Gunnersbury station is a London Underground and National Rail station in Gunnersbury in west London. The station is served by the District line and London Overground trains on the North London Line and is managed by London Underground. On the District line the station is between Turnham Green and Kew Gardens stations. On the North London Line the station is between South Acton and Kew Gardens stations.

The station is located off Chiswick High Road (A315) and is in Travelcard Zone 3.

History[edit]

The station was opened as Brentford Road on 1 January 1869 by the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) on a new branch line to Richmond built from the West London Joint Railway starting north of Addison Road station (now Kensington (Olympia)). The line ran through Shepherd's Bush and Hammersmith via a now closed curve and Grove Road station in Hammersmith (also now closed). A short connection was also made from the North & South Western Junction Railway (N&SWJR) line to Brentford meeting the L&SWR line immediately north of the station. This line was served by the North London Railway (NLR).

Brentford Road station originally had four platforms; two on the line to Richmond and two serving a loop (the Chiswick Curve) which connected to the line through Kew Bridge station.

Between 1 June 1870 and 31 October 1870 the Great Western Railway (GWR) briefly ran services from Paddington to Richmond via Hammersmith & City Railway (now the Hammersmith & City line) tracks to Grove Road then on the L&SWR tracks through Gunnersbury.

The station was given its current name in 1871.

On 1 June 1877, the District Railway (DR, now the District line) opened a short extension from its terminus at Hammersmith to connect to the L&SWR tracks east of Ravenscourt Park station. The DR then began running trains over the L&SWR tracks to Richmond. On 1 October 1877, the Metropolitan Railway (MR, now the Metropolitan line) restarted the GWR's former service to Richmond via Grove Road station.

The DR's service between Richmond, Hammersmith and central London was more direct than the NLR's route via Willesden Junction, the L&SWR's or the MR's routes via Grove Road station or the L&SWR's other route from Richmond via Clapham Junction. From 1 January 1894, the GWR began sharing the MR's Richmond service and served Gunnersbury once again, meaning that passengers from Gunnersbury could travel on the services of five operators.

Following the electrification of the DR's own tracks north of Acton Town in 1903, the DR funded the electrification of the tracks through Gunnersbury. The tracks on the Richmond branch were electrified on 1 August 1905. Whilst DR services were operated with electric trains, the L&SWR, NLR, GWR and MR services continued to be steam hauled.

MR services were withdrawn on 31 December 1906 and GWR services were withdrawn on 31 December 1910 leaving operations at Gunnersbury to the DR (by then known as the District Railway), the NLR and L&SWR. By 1916, the L&SWR's route through Hammersmith was being out-competed by the District to such a degree that the L&SWR withdrew its service between Richmond and Addison Road on 3 June 1916, leaving the District as the sole operator over that route.

In 1932, the Chiswick Curve was closed and the tracks were later removed. The site of the curve is now a housing estate known as Chiswick Village.

District line train for Richmond in 1955

On 8 December 1954 the station was damaged by a tornado which ripped off the roof and injured six people.[4] Almost exactly fifty-two years later, another tornado hit London, damaging several properties in the Kensal Rise area on 7 December 2006.[5]

In the 1960s the station was redeveloped with just the two platforms it currently possesses. The London Overground and London Underground services share the same tracks.

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 237; 267; 391; 440; H91 and night route N9 serve the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ History of UK Weather - 1954Photo of wreckage of Gunnersbury Station
  4. ^ BBC News Report of December 2006 Tornado

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Richmond
District line
towards Upminster
Preceding station   Overground notextroundel.svg National Rail logo.svg London Overground   Following station
towards Richmond
North London Line
towards Stratford
  Former services  
Kew Gardens
towards Richmond
  London and South Western Railway
(1869-1916)
  Turnham Green
towards West Brompton
  Metropolitan Railway
(1877-1906)
  Turnham Green
towards Paddington
  Great Western Railway
(1894-1910)