Gunnislake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gunnislake
Cornish: Dowrgonna
Gunnislake is located in Cornwall
Gunnislake
Gunnislake
 Gunnislake shown within Cornwall
OS grid reference SX432717
Civil parish Calstock
Shire county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GUNNISLAKE
Postcode district PL18
Dialling code 01822
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South East Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°31′27″N 4°12′48″W / 50.5242°N 4.2133°W / 50.5242; -4.2133

Gunnislake (Cornish: Dowrgonna[1]) is a large village in east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated in the Tamar Valley approximately ten miles (16 km) north of Plymouth[2]

Gunnislake is in the civil parish of Calstock and is close to Cornwall's border with Devon which follows the course of the River Tamar.

The village has a history of mining although this industry is no longer active in the area. During the mining boom in Victorian times more than 7000 people were employed in the mines of the Tamar Valley[citation needed]. During this period Gunnislake was held in equal standing amongst the richest mining areas in Europe[citation needed].

History[edit]

Gunnislake's development was primarily due to the dramatic increase in mining and industrial activity in the nineteenth century. Mining provided around 7000 jobs at its peak in 1862. Most mining activity ceased in the late nineteenth century which has bequeathed interest for archaeologists and students of industrial heritage.

As well as mining, other industry such as brickworks and quarries were present. Nearby, locations such as Kit Hill, Morwellham Quay, Cotehele and Calstock were mined and quarried and the Tamar was used for transporting the raw material obtained from the works. Arsenic was produced at Greenhill, Gunnislake until at least 1930.

There has recently been discovered a significant Roman fort on the outskirts of Calstock, the largest known Roman site in Cornwall[citation needed] and the famous painting by Turner 'Crossing the Brook' exhibited in 1815 is in fact a view of Newbridge. Newbridge was built ca. 1520: it is 182 feet long and has seven arches. It is built of large regular granite blocks and is the best of the Cornish granite bridges.[3]

Contentiously debated in the local press, the future of Gunnislake's rail-link with Plymouth has, in recent years, come under threat by the proposed re-establishment of a disused railway line between Tavistock and Plymouth.

Geography[edit]

New Tamar Bridge and Toll House

The area is mainly residential with a small handful of businesses ranging from pubs to garages and small shops. Gunnislake is located in the Tamar Valley designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, though some recent industrial development has been attempted and achieved. Within early 2006 Hingston Down Quarry installed a new asphalt production tower which is easily noticeable as it is proud of the skyline of Gunnislake.

Since 2001, the village has annually hosted its own festival, encompassing a variety of events throughout a week-long celebration.[4]
There is a King George's Field in memorial to King George V located in lower Gunnislake. It is also the home of Gunnislake Football Club.

Gunnislake Station.

Gunnislake railway station is the northern terminus of the Tamar Valley Line, which connects the villages of the Tamar valley with the city of Plymouth. (See also Plymouth, Devonport and South Western Junction Railway.) Gunnislake is now the terminus of the line but until 1966 it continued north to Callington. In 1994 the station was resited to remove a low road bridge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.magakernow.org.uk/default.aspx?page=520
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
  3. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 77
  4. ^ http://www.gunnislakefestival.co.uk/

External links[edit]