Guntur railway division

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Guntur Railway Division
000Guntur Division.JPG
Schematic Route Map of Guntur Railway Division
Gst.jpg
A front view of Guntur Junction Station
Locale Andhra Pradesh, India
Dates of operation 1st April 2003–
Predecessor Southern Railways
Track gauge Broad
Previous gauge Metre
Length 619 km
Headquarters Guntur
Website official website
A model train at the West Terminal of Guntur Junction

Guntur Railway Division is one of the six divisions of the South Central Railwayzone of Indian Railways.[1] It was created in 1997 for better administration in the respective railway zone and became fully functional on 1 April 2003 with P.N Shukla as its first divisional manager.[2][3] The headquarters of the Guntur Division are located at Rail Vikas Bhavan, Pattabhipuram, Guntur. The current divisional Manager is N.K Prasad, an officer of the IRPS cadre.[4]

Landscape view at Guntur from Janmabhoomi Express

History[edit]

Chelama Tunnel, Guntur Division
The remains of the old Dorabavi Viaduct, Bogada Guntur Division

The first rail lines in Guntur are of Metre Gauge during the early 20th century, between Guntur and Hubli/Goa. Later,a Broad Gauge rail line was built between Guntur-Vijayawada towards Howrah with the completion of Prakasam Barrage on the River Krishna. By the end of 20th century, the Nadikudi, Vijayawada, Tenali and Nandyal lines are connected with Guntur junction.

The Krishna Canal-Nandyal (KCC-NDL) stretch was a part of the important East-West coast link that connected Margao in Goa to Masulipatnam in the erstwhile Madras Province of British India. It was originally built to Metre Gauge by the Southern Mahratta Railway (later the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway-MSMR) during 1889-90.[5] The track passed through the Nallamala Hills and as a result quite a few major engineering works were undertaken in the course of the railroad construction, the most impressive of them being the massive Dorabavi Viaduct[6] and the Bogada Tunnel, both of them about 30 km from Nandyal. This section was converted to Broad Gauge during 1993-95 under Indian Railways' Project Unigauge. The gauge conversion was a difficult task owing to the difficult terrain. The old alignment between Gazulapalli and Diguvametta was abandoned and a new Bogada tunnel, about 1.6 km in length and a new Dorabavi Viaduct located at a much lower altitude were constructed at a huge expense. The railway passes through the historic Cumbum Tank starting from Cumbum railway station for a distance of about 7 km. It is one of the most picturesque valleys in Guntur-Nandyal section of South Central Railway.[7]

The Guntur-Macherla (GNT-MCLA) section was opened in 1930 by the MSMR to serve the backward inner Telangana region. It too was originally metre gauge and was converted to Indian gauge in 1992-93.[8] This section was used for the transport of limestone, quartz &cement, primarily from Piduguralla, popularly known as the Lime City.[9]

The section from Guntur to the coastal town of Repalle was built to the broad gauge by the Madras and Southern Railway in 1916. This line connected to the East Coast main line at Tenali. The section from Tenali to Repalle was owned by Guntur District Board until 1964.

The foundation stone for the 152 km long Bibinagar-Nadikudi rail project that opened an alternative route to Secunderabad from Vijayawada and connected the interior of Telangana to Hyderabad was laid by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi on 7 April 1974. The project was finally finished in 1989 and the line commissioned a year later.[10] Two major bridges to span the Krishna River and Musi are located in this section. It is used by many south/east bound trains in a bid to decongest the heavily used Warangal-Vijayawada line.

Jurisdiction[edit]

Railway Reservation Counter, Guntur

The division is located completely in Andhra Pradesh and covers the districts of Nalgonda, Guntur, Kurnool and Prakasam.[citation needed]

A view of the 2nd class waiting hall, Guntur Junction,Built:2008 CE
Loco series WDM at Chelama ghats

Consisting entirely of Broad Gauge track, it was formed by merging the most far-flung and least productive stretches of Vijayawada, Secunderabad and Guntakal divisions of the South Central Railway. It has 72 major and minor stations spread over a total route length of 629 kilometers.[11] Their category wise breakup is

A (Annual revenue above Rs 60 million): Guntur Junction (1)

B (Annual revenue between Rs 30 to 60 million): Nadikudi, Nandyal and Nalgonda (3)

C: No stations

D: 8 stations

E: 42 stations

F: (Halt Stations): 18 stations

Guntur division sections[edit]

About 46 pairs of Express and ordinary passenger trains operate through the division.[12] The route breakup is as follows

Section Distance in km Double/Single line Traction
Krishna Canal (excl.) to Guntur 27 Double Electric
Guntur to Nallapadu 5 Double Electric
Tenali (excl.) to Guntur 24 Single Electric
Nallapadu to Pagidipalli (excl.) 239 Single Diesel
Nallapadu Jn to Nandyal 257 Single Diesel
Repalle to Tenali (excl.) 32 Single Diesel
Nadikudi Jn to Macherla 35 Single Diesel
Vishnupuram to Janpahad 11 Single Diesel
Total 629 32 km of double line 56 km of electrified track

Performance and Earnings[edit]

Comparative earnings[edit]

(Figures in million rupees)

Service 2006-07 2009-10 2012-13
Passenger 535.3 623.6 821.8
Other Coaching 54.0 67.9
Freight 1981.6 2293.9 3724.2
Sundry 16.3 57.6 131.5
Total 2587.2 3043.0 4677.6
No. of Passengers (millions) 17.9 21.9 25.9
Vol. of Freight (Million tonnes) 2.6 2.5 3.1

A primarily freight-driven division, Guntur started with earnings of only Rs. 930 million in 2003.[13] A steady increase saw the figure reach Rs. 2.72 billion in 2007-08 before the ongoing worldwide recession brought it down to Rs. 2.37 billion in 2008-09.[14] There was a marginal increase in the number of passengers carried as well as the earnings therefrom. This has now risen substantially to Rs. 4.67 billion in 2012-13. The division's total expenditure in 2012-13 was to the tune of Rs. 2.6 billion, primarily owing to its track renewal and passenger amenities works. Its Performance Efficiency Index was therefore pegged at 43.85%. A branch line, 11 km long, from Vishnupuram to Janpahad was commissioned in 2012 to serve the cement industries in the area.

The Division was awarded the Signal and Telecommunications Shield of Excellence at the 54th Railway Week Celebrations of the South Central Railway in April, 2009.

The primary commodity transported by the division is cement besides quartz, coal and fertilizer. Other commodities include grains, cotton, chillies and timber waste. The main freight loading points are

Abandoned lines[edit]

PleasantValley,Rail Vihar,Guntur.Built 2009 AD

Cities and towns served[edit]

The major cities and towns served by the division on the Pagidipalli-Repalle route apart from Guntur are Nalgonda, Miryalaguda, Nadikudi, Sattenapalle, Piduguralla, Tenali, Repalle. On the Nandyal stretch, the major towns are Donakonda, Cumbum, Vinukonda, Narasaraopet, Markapur, Giddalur and Nandyal.[19]

Mangalagiri Station, Guntur,Built 2007 CE.

Features[edit]

Rail Vikas Bhavan (DRM Office), Pattabhipuram, Guntur,Built 2005 CE
  • The division has 386 level crossing gates in its jurisdiction. It maintains 6 telephone exchanges and runs 4 hospitals/health units.{{citation needed|date=May 2014}}
  • There are a total of 37 officers in the division and its sanctioned staff strength is 4618.{{citation needed|date=May 2014}}
  • As part of its greenery efforts, the division maintains a 50-acre (200,000 m2) park called Kartik Vanam with more than 6500 trees, both native and exotic. It also has a duck park in it.{{citation needed|date=May 2014}}

Current projects[edit]

  • Shifting Reddipalem Goods Yard to make way for New Guntur Railway which will be a bypass for north bound trains.
New Guntur Station at Reddipalem,Guntur
  • The doubling and electrification of Tenali-Guntur and the electrification of Guntur- Nandyal- Guntakal are proposed for Railway Board's approval.
  • A new line from Vishnupuram to Janapahad has also been sanctioned for the benefit of Cement industries which may ultimately be connected to Jaggayapet
  • Converting many stations in the division to standard layout stations in order to provide crossing facilities there.
  • Establishing a new self-sufficient residential colony, Rail Vihar, for the staff and officers at Nallapadu, Guntur.
  • Providing additional pit line at Reddipalem yard for washing,cleaning and maintenance of Coaching Rakes.
  • Beautification and providing passenger amenities at Adarsh and Model Stations over Guntur Railway Division.
  • Providing a passenger lift at Guntur station for old ladies and physically disabled persons.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Guntur Division". Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  2. ^ "scrailway". Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  3. ^ "Rich in resources yet backward". The Hindu. 
  4. ^ "Divisional Railway Manager". Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  5. ^ "Southern Mahratta Railway". Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  6. ^ "Dorabavi Viaduct". Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  7. ^ Ibid
  8. ^ "Macherla Railway Station". Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  9. ^ "Grand start to Palnadu fest". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 20 December 2008. 
  10. ^ "Project Line Commisioned". Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  11. ^ Rail Vani: April 2005, p.25
  12. ^ Southern Zone Time Table: Published by Southern Railways for the Indian Railways
  13. ^ "Guntur Railway division earnings". Online edition of the Hindu (Chennai, India). 26 April 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-27. 
  14. ^ "Guntur railway division nets profit". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 17 April 2008. 
  15. ^ http://www.indiacements.co.in.
  16. ^ Ibid
  17. ^ Google Earth
  18. ^ http://www.nagarjunasagar.com/
  19. ^ http://scrailway.gov.in

Coordinates: 16°18′04″N 80°26′36″E / 16.30111°N 80.44333°E / 16.30111; 80.44333