Gunung Kidul Regency
|Gunung Kidul Regency
Kabupaten Gunung Kidul
Baron Beach, one of the many beaches in Gunung Kidul Regency
|Nickname(s): [Thousand Mount City] Kota Gunung Sewu,[Gathot City] Kota Gathot,[Cave City] Kota Gua,[Chalk Mount City] Kota Gunung Kapur|
Gunung Kidul Regency in Special Region of Yogyakarta
|Special Administrative Region||Yogyakarta|
|• Mayor||Hj. Badingah|
|• Total||1,485.36 km2 (573.50 sq mi)|
|• Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
Gunung Kidul Regency is a regency in the southeast part of the province of Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia. The regency (the name of which means South Hills in Javanese) is bordered by the city of Yogyakarta to the north west, Bantul Regency to the west, Sleman Regency to the north west and the Indian Ocean to the south.
Gunung Kidul Regency is in a karst region. This leads to difficult geography for farmers and contributes to considerable poverty. The southern coastal of Gunung Kidul is rough and wild but exotic with several beautiful beaches: Baron, Kukup, Krakal, Drini, Sepanjang, Sundak, Siung, Wediombo and Sadeng. Some of these beaches provide fresh fish and other sea product supplied by local fisherman. The most notable is Baron beach. There is a park next to the beach surrounded by seafood restaurants and hostels. There is a fresh fish market in the east side of the beach. On the west side, a river flows out from an almost sea-level cave on the side of western ridge. The beach itself is khaki-colored and sprawled with traditional fishermens' boat. Beside the main beach there is a kilometre of almost untouched white sand beach lying beyond its eastern ridge. It can be reach by small hike; there is a rest area with a beautiful view on top of the eastern hill.
There are also tourist sites to visit near the beach area of Parangtritis which is located on the border of the Kidul and Bantul districts. There are some temples, springs, and underground rivers in the village of Girijati near Parangtritis.
The Gunung Kidul area in earlier times was heavily forested. However most of the teak forests have now been removed and many reforestation projects occur on the western edge of the regency. The regency has been subject to extensive drought and famine within the last hundred years. Water shortages and poverty remain serious problems in the region.
Gunung Kidul Regency and nearby Imogiri Regency (Central Jawa Province) and Pacitan Regency (East Java Province) is being promoted by the Indonesia government to be a UNESCO Geopark, due to their unique and scenic karst landscape. An accessor from UNESCO has visited 4 areas in July 2014, it are:
- Pindul Cave, in tectonic active area, the cave and the Gunung Kidul Karst Region give more variative karst stone/land, if it is compared with Gunung Sewu area in Pacitan and Wonogiri
- Nglanggeran Primeval Volcano
- Bobung Tourism Village
- Siung Beach
As a karst region Gunung Kidul Regency has many caves, some of them has underground river runs in it and at least two of them is available for tourism, such as Pindul Cave in Bejiharjo area and Kalisuci Cave in Semanu area which we can do tubing there and it properly managed by tourist operator(s).
Nglanggeran primeval volcano in Patuk area is only 700 meters height, but from its peak we can see good scenery around. such as rice fields, scaterred giant granite and andesit rock formation called "watu wayang" (puppet rocks) and nearby man-made lake. A linear trail from Pendopo Kali Song to the peak needs about 3 hours.
Siung Beach Bay is about 300 meters length, but it is prohibited for swimming due to rock and severe wave. The cliff is surrounding the beach and suitable for rock climbing with about 250 tracks.
- Panggang (26,509)
- Purwosari (19,361)
- Paliyan (29,083)
- Sapto Sari (34,270)
- Tepus (31,889)
- Tanjungsari (25,698)
- Rongkop (26,901)
- Girisubo (22,188)
- Semanu (51,737)
- Ponjong (49,803)
- Karangmojo (48,768)
- Wonosari (78,747)
- Playen (54,492)
- Patuk (30,336)
- Gedang Sari (35,265)
- Nglipar (29,687)
- Ngawen (31,622)
- Semin (49,026)
Gunung Kidul Regency is located in the limestone uplands of Java, thus soils are not very good for growing rice. Cassava replaced rice in this area. Some famous Gunung Kidul cuisine includes thiwul, gathot (both are cassava-based food), and a delicacy called walang goreng (fried grasshopper).
- Dalih Sembiring, 'A Girijati Getaway: Hidden Allures in South Yogyakarta', The Jakarta Globe, 25 October 2010.
- Oei Eng Goan, 'The Thinker: For Want of Water', The Jakarta Globe, 20 September 2011.
- Hari Susmayanti (July 7, 2014). "Kristin Terkejut dengan Keindahan Gua Pindul".
- "Cave Tubing Kalisuci". Retrieved November 11, 2013.
- "Selamat Datang di website resmi desa Wisata Bejiharjo". Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- "A piece of heaven on earth". May 13, 2013.
- "Siung, Pantai Indah Bertembok Karang". May 15, 2012.
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
Media related to Gunung Kidul at Wikimedia Commons