Guomao, Beijing

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Coordinates: 39°54′35″N 116°27′20″E / 39.909819°N 116.455572°E / 39.909819; 116.455572

Guomao / Dabeiyao in 2009
Guomao / Dabeiyao Area (August 2004 image)
Guomao Bridge. The Guomao area is characterized by many skyscrapers.

Guomao (simplified Chinese: 国贸; traditional Chinese: 國貿; pinyin: guó mào) is an area in Beijing at the centre of the Beijing central business district, marked by the intersection of Jianguomen Outer Street and the Third Ring Road. The Chinese World Trade Center is located there. It was formerly known as Dabeiyao, and bus stops in the vicinity still bear this name.

Guomao is also the name of the interchange station on Line 1 and Line 10.

History[edit]

During the Ming Dynasty, the area was pastureland outside the city walls, and served as a hunting ground for the imperial family.[1] During World War II, the occupying Japanese Army built a complex of kilns in the area, the largest of which in the north became a landmark.[1] The area was then called Dabeiyao (simplified Chinese: 大北窑; traditional Chinese: 大北窯; pinyin: Dàběiyáo), literally the "Great North Kiln".

In 1985, the China World Trade Center was built at the intersection of the 3rd Ring Road and Jianguomen Outer Street and the Beijing CBD was established in 1993.[1] The Dabeiyao Overpass was consequently renamed the Guomao Bridge - "Guomao" is the abbreviation for the Chinese name of the World Trade Center(simplified Chinese: 中国易中心; traditional Chinese: 中國際貿易中心; pinyin: Zhōngguó guómàoyì zhōngxīn). Guomao subway station was opened on September 28, 1999.[2]

Local transit[edit]

  • Beijing Subway: Guomao Station on Line 1 and Line 10
  • Bus routes and stops at and around the Guomao Overpass:
    • Dabeiyao (大北窑):113 421 806 807 808 809
    • Dabeiyao West (大北窑西):1 9 28 99 205 609 666 668 728 729 804 805 938
    • Dabeiyao North (大北窑北):113 214 402 405 421 488 503 601 673 683 686 707 729 特8 运通107
    • Dabeiyao East (大北窑东):1 11 57 312 402 405 502 647 648 666 667 668 669 728 801 810 976
    • Dabeiyao South (大北窑南):28 57 91 214 348 601 683 686 707 805 810 814 818 846 954 974 976 998 运通107
  • Beijing Airport Bus: Route 1.

References[edit]

External links[edit]