Gurbani

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Gurbani from Nitnem Guthka

Gurbani (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ) is a Sikh terminology, commonly used by Sikhs to refer to any compositions of the Sikh Gurus and other Writers of Guru Granth Sahib. In General, hymns in central text of Sikh, i.e Guru Granth Sahib is called Gurbani. Among Amritdhari Sikhs, Few texts from Dasam Granth which are read in Nitnem like Tav-Parsad Svaiyey, Chaupai are also considered as Gurbani . In Adi Granth, Gurbani is sound which directly comes from Supreme and text is written form of the same in worldly language and scripts. It is also called Gun Bani.[1] Gurbani is explanation of qualities of Primal Lord and Soul which a Sikh should comprehend with which he can attain the supreme state.

Sikh historical writings, unauthentic writings or apocryphal compositions in name of Sikh Gurus and other writings by Sikhs are not considered as Gurbani and are referred to as Kachi Bani.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Gurbani is composed of two words: 'Gur' and 'Bani'. Gur have multiple meanings as per context. In Guru Granth Sahib, Gur word is used for multiple meanings, as per context of Hymn. The common use of Gur is either for Wisdom and Internal Counscious Mind (Referred as Chitta or Antar Atma).[3]

Thereby Gurbani either means the speech of Wisdom or The speech of counscious mind.

Gurbani is directly received from inside after attaining of Supreme state where as Granth or textual form is worldly language of the same. Gurbani is also referred as Dhur Ki Bani (The speech from Supreme house). Gurbani is explanation of qualities of Primal Lord and Soul. In Adi Granth, It is considered as source of spiritual knowledge which illuminates mind and gives internal bliss. The one who comprehend on Gurbani is also stated as Amritdhari. Gurbani is source of truth with which the internal filth and sins get eradicated and one who find Gurbani sweet is in supreme state.

Extracts from Guru Granth Sahib are called Gutkas (small books) containing sections of Gurbani. These Gutkas can vary from just a few pages to hundreds of pages and are used by the Sikhs to read these Banis on a daily basis.

Nitnem Banis[edit]

Main article: Nitnem

The Banis: Japji Sahib, Jaap Sahib, Tav-Parsad Savaiye, Chaupai Sahib and Anand Sahib should be read before sunrise daily according to the Sikh Rehat Maryada. These are recited by initiated Sikhs in the early morning (before 6am). Rehras Sahib is read in the evening (at sunset) and Kirtan Sohila before going to sleep at night.

Nitnem Gutka wrapped in cloth
1,2,4,6,8: part of Guru Granth Sahib.
3,5a, 5b,7: all compiled by the tenth Guru of the Sikhs called Guru Gobind Singh Ji and part of Dasam Granth.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ਜਨੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਬੋਲੇ ਗੁਣ ਬਾਣੀ ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮਿ ਸਮਾਇਆ ॥੪॥੫॥
    Servant Nanak chants the Glorious Words of the Guru's Bani; through them, one is absorbed into the Naam, the Name of the Lord. ||4||5||: Page 494, M5
  2. ^ thesikhencyclopedia: APOCRYPHAL COMPOSITIONS
  3. ^ ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ,Mahankosh, Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha

External links[edit]