Location in Madison County and the state of Alabama
|• Total||3.5 sq mi (9.1 km2)|
|• Land||3.5 sq mi (9.1 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||640 ft (195 m)|
|• Density||228/sq mi (88.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0119509|
The community takes its name from the Gurley family, who settled in the area in 1817. The town gradually formed around a water and coaling stop of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad and was originally known as Gurley's Tank. In 1866, the post office opened, and the name was changed to Gurleysville; it was later shortened back to Gurley. Gurley was incorporated in 1891 with 250 residents. Soon after, the population peaked at 1,000. The business district was nearly destroyed by fire in 1923, when a bucket brigade was able to save only two businesses. Most of the town is now included in the Gurley Historic District, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.
Gurley is located at (34.700164, -86.376469).
As of the census of 2000, there were 876 people, 346 households, and 241 families residing in the town. The population density was 313.9 people per square mile (121.2/km²). There were 379 housing units at an average density of 135.8 per square mile (52.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 81.85% White, 15.41% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.57% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 2.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 346 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $23,831, and the median income for a family was $26,875. Males had a median income of $31,146 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,271. About 23.4% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 31.1% of those age 65 or over.
As an incorporated town, Gurley has its own police and fire departments. The city also maintains a small sewer system. Education in Gurley is run by the Madison County School System. Only one K-8 school (Madison County Elementary) operates within the city limits, in the building formerly occupied by Madison County High School. A new Madison County High School was built a few miles west of the town on US 72 in 1999.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gurley town, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
- Schneider, David B.; Christy Anderson (January 14, 2004). "Gurley Historic District" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. National Park Service. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Lena Styles". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 28, 2014.