Guru Shikhar

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Guru Shikhar
Arbuda Mountains.JPG
Aravalli Range as seen from Guru Shikhar
Elevation 1,722 m (5,650 ft)
Location
Guru Shikhar is located in Rajasthan
Guru Shikhar
Guru Shikhar
Rajasthan, India
Range Arbuda Mountains, Aravalli Range
Coordinates 24°39′55″N 72°46′55″E / 24.66528°N 72.78194°E / 24.66528; 72.78194Coordinates: 24°39′55″N 72°46′55″E / 24.66528°N 72.78194°E / 24.66528; 72.78194

Guru Shikhar, a peak in the Arbuda Mountains of Rajasthan, is the highest point of the Aravalli Range. It rises to an altitude of 5,676 feet (1722 meters).[1] It is 15 km from Mount Abu and a road from there leads almost to the top of the mountain.[2] A cave at the summit contains a temple of Dattatreya, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.[3]

Adjacent to the temple is the Mt Abu Observatory operated by the Physical Research Laboratory. This observatory hosts a 1.2m infrared telescope and also several Astronomy experiments.[4]

History[edit]

The Agnivanshi lineage claims descent from Agni of Yagya at Guru Shikhar, the Hindu god of fire. Four Rajput clans are considered to be Agnivanshi: the Chauhans, Paramara, Solanki, and Pratiharas The Arbud Dynasty was ruled by Rajput clade called Parmar, and it is believed that it was originated from Agni Kund at Guru Shikhar. In 1778 AD, Prithviraj Chauhan, the last Hindu emperor of India, climbed along this broad road to consummate his marriage with the daughter of Prahladan, the founder of Prahladanpur, which for the last 2-3 centuries is known as Palanpur. Prahladan was the younger brother of Dharavarsh Pramar, the mighty ruler of Arbud, located at Mount Abu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kohli, M.S. (2004), Mountains of India: Tourism, Adventure, Pilgrimage, Indus Publishing, p. 29, ISBN 978-81-7387-135-1 
  2. ^ Singh, Sarina (2009), India 13, Lonely Planet, p. 230, ISBN 978-1-74179-151-8 
  3. ^ Guru Shikhar. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  4. ^ Astronomy & Astrophysics Division (A&A) . Retrieved 2 January 2013.