Gurudongmar Lake

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Gurudongmar Lake
Gurudongmar Lake
Location North Sikkim, Sikkim, India
Coordinates 28°01′N 88°43′E / 28.02°N 88.71°E / 28.02; 88.71Coordinates: 28°01′N 88°43′E / 28.02°N 88.71°E / 28.02; 88.71
Basin countries India
Surface elevation 17,150 ft (5,230 m)
Settlements Mangan, North Sikkim 56 km. About 200km from Lachen.
Gurudongmar Lake In October 2014
Partially Frozen Gurudongmer Lake in March 2009
Gurudongmar Lake in May 2012
Fully frozen Gurudongmar Lake, January 2013
Gurudongmar Lake in November
Sarv Dharm Sthal near Gurudongmar Lake
Sarv Dharm Sthal and Gurudongmar Lake

Gurudongmar Lake or Gurudogmar Lake is one of the highest lakes in the world, located at an altitude of 17,100 ft (5,210 m). It lies in the district of North Sikkim in the state of Sikkim in India, only some 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of Chinese border. The lake can be reached by road from Lachen via Thangu.


This fresh-water lake[1] is located northeast of the Kangchenjunga range in a high plateau area connected with the Tibetan Plateau.

Gurudongmar lake provides one of the source streams of the Teesta River. The source of Teesta, the Tso Lhamo Lake, lies some 5 km (3.1 mi) to the east. One can seek permission from the army to trek from Gurudongmar Lake to Tso Lhsmo Lake.

The lake remains completely frozen in the winter months from November to Mid-May.

Panoramic view of Gurudongmar Lake


Gurdwara Gurudongmaar Sahib Ji

1. This wonderful historical Gurudwara (Gurudongmaar) Sikhism is situated in Place Gurudongmaar Lake, which is a town in North Sikkim, an Indian state. Sikkim is a small but beautiful landlocked state nestled in the Himalayas in northern India.

2. Gurudongmaar located in this state at a distance of Approximately 150 km from the capital Gangtok, at an elevation of 18,000 feet alongside a glacial peak known by the same name. The lake remains frozen most of the year due to heavy snowfall for almost six months each year.

3. It is believed First Guru of Sikhism Guru Nanak Dev ji visited this place during his trip (UDasi) to China and Tibet. Guru Nanak Dev ji dug his walking stick at a place where eventually the stick has grown into a tree which has trunk in stick shape and leaves are below the rounded trunk which looks like handle of stick. An amrit kund was also made to appear there by Guru ji. Guru Nanak Dev ji visited the place during his third Udasi in order to solace the Karma pa Nying ma pa sect then being hounded out from Tibet by the Ge lug pa sect. It is also said that Guru Nanak Dev Ji, on one of his journeys along with his disciples, had come across this place and vanquished two demons here before proceeding. The footprints of that battle were believed to be still left on that cordoned off rock.

4. He went through Naku la and Lawu Gompha and reached plateau area around Gurudongmar. Problems Of Grazers In this plateau the yak grazers approached Guru Nanak Dev ji with a request, that: "they do not find water in winter as it gets frozen all over, temperature falling down to minus 35 degrees. "The Guru hit the perpetually snow-covered Gurudongmar Lake with his stick to provide water to the grazers. The ice melted giving way to crystal clear water. Since then the water of the lake is stated to never freeze. The lake and the hill feature atop have come to be known as Gurudongmar Lake and hill respectively. The same names are found recorded in the ancient maps prepared by the British in nineteenth century. Some grazers projected another problem to Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Due to the effect of altitude, their virility was affected. They requested the Guru to do something about it. Guru Nanak Dev Ji blessed the lake, saying,"Whosoever takes the water of this lake will gain virility and strength and will be blessed with children." The people of the area have firm faith in Guru's words and consider the water of the lake as nectar. A Gurdwara was constructed in the eighties to commemorate Guru Nanak Dev Ji visit to the place. We used to trek to Gurudongmar then, after travelling from Chungthang on foot, covering the distance in six days. The local people of the area and Lamas of Karma-pa Nying-ma-pa Sect confirm Guru Nanak Dev Ji visit to these areas. The Lamas from these areas have been visiting Golden Temple, Amritsar, regularly to pay obeisance to their beloved Guru Rimpoche, Guru Nanak Dev Ji, also known as 'Guru Nanak Lama' in their areas.


The present Gurdwara structure was renovated by Jawan's of 22 Sikh Regiment (Indian Army) during own tenure from December 2009 to May 2011. The area located near the border with China.


Guru Nanak Dev, founder of Sikhism religion, visited many of the places where Padmasambhava prayed at, including this lake in North Sikkim. At the local people's request for water, Guru Nanak, with his 'dang' (a long stick) broke upper layer of ice & said, "Water of this lake will never freeze". People named this lake 'guru dang mar' meaning created with the dang of Guru Nanak.

The lake is named after Padmasambhava, the Indian tantric Buddhist who conducted rituals here. some believe that this is why, even at the height of winter, one portion of the lake never freezes.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Choudhury, Maitreyee (2006). Sikkim: Geographical Perspectives. New Delhi, India: Mittal Publication. p. 10. ISBN 978-81-8324-158-8. Retrieved 2009-11-27.