Gurung language

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Gurung
Tamu Kyi
Native to Nepal
Ethnicity Gurung people
Native speakers
350,000  (2007)[1]
Tibetan script, Devanagari script
Official status
Official language in

Nepal Tamuban, Nepal

Sikkim Sikkim
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
ggn – Eastern Gurung
gvr – Western Gurung
Selected ethnic groups of Nepal; Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali, Gurung, Kiranti, Rai, Limbu, Nepal Bhasa, Pahari, Tamang

Gurung (also, Tamu Kyi, Devanagari:तमु क्यी) is spoken by the Gurung people in two dialects with limited mutual intelligibility. Total number of all Gurung speakers in Nepal is 227,918 (1991 census). Perhaps, a distinction should be made between Gurung as an ethnic group and the number of people who actually speak the language.

Nepali, Nepal's official language, is an Indo-European language, whereas Gurung is a Tibeto-Burman language. Gurung are recognized as an official nationality by the Government of Nepal.

Classification[edit]

According to ethnologue, Gurung is two languages, Eastern [ggn] and Western [gvr].

Grammar[edit]

Some miscellaneous grammatical features of the Gurung languages are;

Phonetically, Gurung languages are tonal.

Writing system[edit]

Gurung languages did not originally have a script and are therefore written in the Tibetan script which was adopted when the Gurung peoples embraced Vajrayana Buddhism, particularly of the Nyingma school. Supposedly, Devanāgarī script had also been used but only to a limited effect in approximating their phonetics.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eastern Gurung at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Western Gurung at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)