|Native to||Nepal, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Bhutan|
|Native speakers||350,000 (2007)|
|Writing system||Tibetan script, Devanagari script|
|Official language in||Sikkim|
ggn – Eastern Gurung
gvr – Western Gurung
Gurung (also, Tamu Kyi, Devanagari:तमु क्यी) is spoken by the Gurung people in two dialects with limited mutual intelligibility. Total number of all Gurung speakers in Nepal is 227,918 (1991 census). Perhaps, a distinction should be made between Gurung as an ethnic group and the number of people who actually speak the language.
According to ethnologue, Gurung is two languages, Eastern [ggn] and Western [gvr].
Some miscellaneous grammatical features of the Gurung languages are;
- adjectives relatives before noun heads;
- numerals after noun heads;
- rising intonation in bipolar questions;
- 1 prefix on negative verbs;
- maximum number of suffixes 3;
- case of noun phrase shown by preposition;
- no subject or object referencing in verbs;
- split ergative system according to tense;
- CV, CCV, CCCV;
Phonetically, Gurung languages are tonal.
Gurung languages did not originally have a script and are therefore written in the Tibetan script which was adopted when the Gurung peoples embraced Vajrayana Buddhism, particularly of the Nyingma school. Supposedly, Devanāgarī script had also been used but only to a limited effect in approximating their phonetics.
|Gurung language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|