Gushi County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gushi County
固始县
North gate of Xiushui Park
North gate of Xiushui Park
Gushi County is located in Henan
Gushi County
Gushi County
Location in Henan
Coordinates: 32°11′N 115°40′E / 32.183°N 115.667°E / 32.183; 115.667Coordinates: 32°11′N 115°40′E / 32.183°N 115.667°E / 32.183; 115.667
Country People's Republic of China
Province Henan
Prefecture-level city Xinyang
Area
 • City 2,916 km2 (1,126 sq mi)
 • Water 71.8 km2 (27.7 sq mi)  2.44%
 • Urban 35.03 km2 (13.53 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,025 m (3,363 ft)
Lowest elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 465200
Area code(s) 0376
Administrative division code 419009
Website gsxzf.gov.cn

Gushi (Chinese: 固始; pinyin: Gùshǐ) is a county of 1,023,857 people directly governed by Henan province, People's Republic of China.

Administration[edit]

Gushi has 3 subdistricts, 17 towns and 13 townships.

Map Subdistricts Towns Townships
Subdivision Chinese Subdivision Chinese Subdivision Chinese
Gushi County Blank Map no borde.svg
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
1 Liaocheng 蓼城街道 4 Chenlinzi 陈淋子镇 21 Hongbu 洪埠乡
2 Xiushui 秀水街道 5 Liji 黎集镇 22 Yangji 杨集乡
3 Pancheng 番城街道 6 Jiangji 蒋集镇 23 Magangji 马堽集乡
7 Wangliu 往流镇 24 Caomiaoji 草庙集乡
8 Guolutan 郭陆滩镇 25 Nandaqiao 南大桥乡
9 Huzupu 胡族铺镇 26 Zhaogang 赵岗乡
10 Fangji 方集镇 27 Zhanglaobu 张老埠乡
11 Sanhejian 三河尖镇 28 Shahepu 沙河铺乡
12 Duanji 段集镇 29 Xuji 徐集乡
13 Wangpeng 汪棚镇 30 Lidian 李店乡
14 Zhangguangmiao 张广庙镇 31 Fenggang 丰港乡
15 Chenji 陈集镇 32 Liushudian 柳树店乡
16 Wumiaoji 武庙集镇 33 Guantang 观堂乡
17 Fenshuiting 分水亭镇
18 Shifodian 石佛店镇
19 Quanhepu 泉河铺镇
20 Zushimiao 祖师庙镇

History[edit]

A set of bronze Niu-bells (Bianzhong) with inscriptions in Spring and Autumn Period excavated from Tomb 1, Hougudui.

Gushi County was the capital of one of the two States of Liao during the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history (771-436 BCE).

Geography[edit]

climate[edit]

Climate data for Gushi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(43)
10
(50)
13
(55)
19
(66)
24
(75)
30
(86)
33
(91)
31
(88)
26
(79)
21
(70)
14
(57)
8
(46)
19.6
(67.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2
(36)
5
(41)
9
(48)
14
(57)
20
(68)
25
(77)
29
(84)
27
(81)
22
(72)
16
(61)
9
(48)
4
(39)
15.2
(59.3)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28)
0
(32)
5
(41)
10
(50)
16
(61)
21
(70)
25
(77)
23
(73)
18
(64)
11
(52)
5
(41)
0
(32)
11
(51.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 30.7
(1.209)
40.3
(1.587)
67.8
(2.669)
96.6
(3.803)
106.8
(4.205)
142.6
(5.614)
228.3
(8.988)
123.8
(4.874)
90.3
(3.555)
63.5
(2.5)
48.0
(1.89)
27.6
(1.087)
1,066.3
(41.98)
 % humidity 68 71 77 78 77 75 78 81 79 71 78 76 75.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 140.1 131.3 146.2 165.8 206.8 222.6 226.9 234.5 172.8 183.1 156.7 152.4 2,139.2
Source: Chorography of Gushi & Weatherbase[1][2]

Demographic[edit]

Population of Gushi since the 14th century
Ancient times
Year Pop. ±%
1392 71,082 —    
1412 70,420 −0.9%
1452 77,612 +10.2%
1462 78,570 +1.2%
1472 73,531 −6.4%
1475 52,038 −29.2%
1482 48,417 −7.0%
1492 52,075 +7.6%
1502 50,451 −3.1%
1512 52,180 +3.4%
1522 52,500 +0.6%
1532 52,136 −0.7%
1542 42,160 −19.1%
1596 53,889 +27.8%
1777 318,942 +491.8%
20th century and after
Year Pop. ±%
1935 523,950 —    
1945 529,034 +1.0%
1950 705,430 +33.3%
1955 754,734 +7.0%
1960 702,784 −6.9%
1965 814,277 +15.9%
1970 989,300 +21.5%
1975 1,148,370 +16.1%
1980 1,217,817 +6.0%
1985 1,263,694 +3.8%
1990 1,363,100 +7.9%
1995 1,465,100 +7.5%
2000 1,529,400 +4.4%
2005 1,566,100 +2.4%
2010 1,722,000 +10.0%
2013 1,734,100 +0.7%
Source:[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

Gushi is the most-populous county in the Henan Province, with an estimated record high of 1,734,100 citizens with registration as of 2013, according to the 2013 annual statistics report. As the 6th national census in 2010, there're 1,023,857 residents lived inside the county, showing that nearly half of the population moved out of the county without changing their residents registration status.

In 2010, the county had a population density of 348 people per square kilometer (901/mi²).

Transportation[edit]

The Nanjing–Xi'an Railway along as G40 Shanghai–Xi'an Expressway passing through the southern side of Gushi from the east to the west, connect the county with Xinayng and Hefei. One major railway station located in the Town of Duanji and three intersections have connections with local roads in the central and southern area. The National Highway network, connecting other counties in this region, consists of three different routes: Line 220, Line 312 and Line 328.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chorography of Gushi(Chinese:固始县志) (in Chinese). Zhengzhou: Central China Ancient Books Publishing House(Chinese:中州古籍出版社). 1992. p. 116. ISBN 7-5348-1232-1. 
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Gushi, China". Weatherbase. 2009. 
  3. ^ 固始县志 嘉靖, 民物志第四·户口
  4. ^ 固始县志 顺治, 卷之四·户口
  5. ^ (五八)固始. 河南统计月报 (in Chinese) (开封: 河南省政府秘书处) 2 (7): 129–134. 1936. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  6. ^ 固始县志 1992, p. 131
  7. ^ 河南统计年鉴1991 (in Chinese). 北京: 中国统计出版社. 1991. ISBN 7-5037-0589-2. 
  8. ^ 河南统计年鉴1996 (in Chinese). 北京: 中国统计出版社. 1996. ISBN 7-5037-3508-2. 
  9. ^ 河南统计年鉴2001 (in Chinese). 北京: 中国统计出版社. 2001. ISBN 7-5037-3508-2. 
  10. ^ 河南统计年鉴2006 (in Chinese). 北京: 中国统计出版社. 2006. ISBN 7-5037-4899-0. 
  11. ^ 河南统计年鉴2011 (in Chinese). 北京: 中国统计出版社. 2011. ISBN 978-7-5037-6303-8. 
  12. ^ 河南统计年鉴2014 (in Chinese). 北京: 中国统计出版社. 2014. 

External links[edit]