Gusinoozyorsk

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Gusinoozyorsk (English)
Гусиноозёрск (Russian)
Галуута (Buryat)
-  Town[1]  -
Гусиноозерск.jpg
Welcome sign at the entrance to Gusinoozyorsk
Gusinoozyorsk is located in Republic of Buryatia
Gusinoozyorsk
Gusinoozyorsk
Location of Gusinoozyorsk in the Republic of Buryatia
Coordinates: 51°17′N 106°31′E / 51.283°N 106.517°E / 51.283; 106.517Coordinates: 51°17′N 106°31′E / 51.283°N 106.517°E / 51.283; 106.517
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Buryatia[1]
Administrative district Selenginsky District[1]
Town Gusinoozyorsk[1]
Administrative center of Selenginsky District,[1] Town of Gusinoozyorsk[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2013)
Municipal district Selenginsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Gusinoozyorsk Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Selenginsky Municipal District,[2] Gusinoozyorsk Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 24,582 inhabitants[3]
Time zone IRKT (UTC+09:00)[4]
Founded 1939[5]
Town status since 1953[citation needed]
Previous names Shakhty (until 1953)[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 30145[citation needed]
Official website
Gusinoozyorsk on WikiCommons

Gusinoozyorsk (Russian: Гусиноозёрск; Buryat: Галуута, Galuuta) is a town and the administrative center of Selenginsky District of the Republic of Buryatia, Russia, located on the northeastern shore of Lake Gusinoye, 110 kilometers (68 mi) southwest of Ulan-Ude. Population: 24,582 (2010 Census);[3] 26,502 (2002 Census);[6] 29,790 (1989 Census);[7] 13,800 (1970).

History[edit]

It was founded in 1939 under the name Shakhty (Ша́хты),[5] in connection with the commencement of exploitation of brown coal deposits in the area. In 1953, it was granted town status and given its present name,[citation needed] derived from Gusinoye Ozero (lit. "goose lake"), the Russian name for the lake on which the town stands.

Lake Gusinoye south of the town


Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Gusinoozyorsk serves as the administrative center of Selenginsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Selenginsky District as the Town of Gusinoozyorsk.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Gusinoozyorsk is incorporated within Selenginsky Municipal District as Gusinoozyorsk Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

The main focus of the town's economy remains brown coal production and the associated power station, although mining activities on the nearby deposits slowed during the economic crisis of the 1990s.

Transportation[edit]

Zagustay railway station on the Trans-Mongolian Railway is located 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) east of the town.

Military[edit]

The 245th Motor Rifle Division of the Russian Ground Forces was located in the town until it was reduced to a Base for Storage of Weapons and Equipment in 2006.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #43
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #985-III
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 114. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Республики Бурятия. Постановление №431 от 18 ноября 2009 г. «О реестре административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Республики Бурятия», в ред. Постановления №17 от 23 января 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Постановление Правительства Республики Бурятия от 18.11.2009 №431 "О реестре административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Республики Бурятия"». Вступил в силу 18 ноября 2009 г. Опубликован: "Бурятия", №216, Официальный вестник №120, 21 ноября 2009 г. (Government of the Republic of Buryatia. Resolution #431 of November 18, 2009 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Buryatia, as amended by the Resolution #17 of January 23, 2013 On Amending Resolution #431 of November 18, 2009 of the Government of the Republic of Buryatia "On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Buryatia". Effective as of November 18, 2009.).
  • Народный Хурал Республики Бурятия. Закон №985-III от 31 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ, образовании и наделении статусом муниципальных образований в Республике Бурятия», в ред. Закона №3372-IV от 6 мая 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Бурятия "Об установлении границ, образовании и наделении статусом муниципальных образований в Республике Бурятия"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Бурятия", №1, Официальный вестник №1, 12 января 2005 г. (People's Khural of the Republic of Buryatia. Law #985-III of December 31, 2004 On Establishing the Borders, Creating, and Granting a Status to the Municipal Formations in the Republic of Buryatia, as amended by the Law #3372-IV of May 6, 2013 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Buryatia "On Establishing the Borders, Creating, and Granting a Status to the Municipal Formations in the Republic of Buryatia". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).