Gustav Ernesaks

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This article is about the composer and choir conductor. For the weightlifter, see Gustav Ernesaks (weightlifter).

Gustav Ernesaks (12 December 1908 in Perila, Peningi Parish – 24 January 1993 in Tallinn) was an Estonian composer and a choir conductor.

He played an integral role in the Singing Revolution and was one of the father figures of the Estonian Song Festival tradition. One of his songs, set to Lydia Koidula's poem Mu isamaa on minu arm, became an unofficial national anthem during the years of Soviet occupation; ironically, he was also the composer of the Anthem of Estonian SSR used between 1945 and 1990.

A statue of him was erected in 2004 on the Tallinn Song Festival Grounds.

Gustav Ernesaks' grave at Metsakalmistu cemetery.

Honours and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
Soviet Union
Estonia