Gustav Ising

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Gustaf Ising (or Gustav Ising in some publications), born on 19 February 1883 in Finja, died 5 February 1960 in Danderyd, was a Swedish accelerator physicist and geophysicist.[1]

Ising earned his first academic degree (filosofie kandidat/Bachelor of Arts) at Uppsala University in 1903 and continued studying at Stockholm University[2] receiving his Ph.D. in 1919,[3] later becoming a full professor in 1934.[4]

He is best known for the invention of the linear accelerator concept in 1924,[5] which is the progenitor of all modern accelerators based on oscillating electromagnetic fields. His article was then taken up and turned into practice by Rolf Widerøe,[6] also starting the development of cyclic accelerator structures like the cyclotron and the betatron.

He was elected to the Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1935, being a member of the Nobel Committee for Physics from 1947–1953, together with former Nobel Laureate and chairman Manne Siegbahn, Svante Arrhenius, Erik Hulthen, Axel Edvin Lindh, Ivar Waller, and Gudmund Borelius.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ from the Swedish deadbook: Sveriges dödbok 1947-2003, CD-ROM v3.0. Sveriges Släktforskarförbund. 2005. 
  2. ^ Rensfelt, K.-G. "Preface". Proceedings of the European Particle Accelerator Conference 1998 (Stockholm). 
  3. ^ Ising, Gustaf (1919). Undersökningar rörande elektrometrar (en.: Investigations concerning electrometers) (Ph.D. thesis) (in Swedish). Stockholm College (Gleerup). p. 374. 
  4. ^ Vem är det: Svensk biografisk handbok 1939 (in Swedish). Stockholm: P A Norstedt & Söners Förlag. 1939. p. 403. 
  5. ^ Ising, Gustav (1924/1928). "Prinzip Einer Methode Zur Herstellung Von Kanalstrahlen Hoher Voltzahl". Arkiv för matematik, astronomi och fysik (in German) 18 (30): 1–4. 
  6. ^ Widerøe, R. (17 December 1928). "Ueber Ein Neues Prinzip Zur Herstellung Hoher Spannungen". Archiv fuer Elektronik und Uebertragungstechnik (in German) 21 (4): 387. 
  7. ^ Rentetzi, M. (2007). Trafficking Materials and Gendered Experimental Practices. Radium research in early 20th century Vienna. Columbia University Press.