Gustav L. Mayr (12 October 1830, Vienna – 14 July 1908, Vienna) was an Austrian entomologist and professor in Budapest and Vienna. He specialised in Hymenoptera, being particularly known for his studies of Formicidae.
In 1868, he was the first to describe the Argentine ant. He is credited with naming the harvesting ant species, Aphaenogaster treatae, for naturalist Mary Davis Treat in honor of her research on the species.
- Formicidae [der Novara-Expedition]. Vienna 1865.
- Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Königsberg: Koch, 1868.
- Feigeninsecten. Vienna: Hölder, 1885.
- Hymenopterologische Miscellen. Vienna: Hölder, 1902.
- Formiciden aus Ägypten und dem Sudan. (1903).
- 1908. Obituary. Prof. Gustav Mayr. Entomological News 19:396 Bibliography
- Managing Linepithema Humile (Mayr), the Argentine Ant, in South Carolina by Brittany Russ Ellis
- Early American Nature Writers: A Biographical Encyclopedia edited by Daniel Patterson, Roger Thompson, J. Scott Bryson
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